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## Reflective Material Market to Expand at a CAGR of 10.8% from 2020 to 20273M, ORAFOL Europe GmbH, REFLOMAX, Palho Group,etc.

2020.09.23 18:12 jonesava Reflective Material Market to Expand at a CAGR of 10.8% from 2020 to 20273M, ORAFOL Europe GmbH, REFLOMAX, Palho Group,etc.

Reflective Material Market Overview:
The report studies Reflective Material in Global market Professional Survey 2019: Industry Trends, Industry Growth, Size, Share, Drivers, Restraints, Opportunities, Production, Segmentation, Pricing, Value, Volume, Company Profiling, Competitive Landscape, Product Portfolio, and Specifications for the Forecast Period till 2026.
The Global Reflective Material Market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 10.8% from USD 2.86 billion in 2019 to USD 6.43 billion in 2027.
This market intelligence study curates an exhaustive database of industrial essentials for formulating favorable strategies. A thorough investigation of the value chain and the distribution channel is provided in this study by business professionals. The Reflective Material Market study offers detailed information pertaining to the extent and application of the market, which helps better understand the global sector. This report on the Global Reflective Material Market discusses several growth prospects, including the industry sectors, current trends, up-to-date outlines, driving factors, and hurdles, overall offering market projections for the coming years.s
Major Key Players of the Reflective Material Market are: 3M, ORAFOL Europe GmbH, Avery Dennison Dominic Optical, NIPPON CARBIDE INDUSTRIES CO. INC., REFLOMAX, Palho Group, Jinsung Corporation, Viz Reflectives, and Daoming Optics & Chemical Co. Ltd, among others has been profiled in the report. They are the major manufacturers of the product.
The Reflective Material market is heavily consolidated owing to a large number of global, regional, and local key contenders having already established a significant footing. The key participants dominate the operations in the industry with their extensive geographical coverage and huge production facilities. Players operating in this market are in intense competition in terms of technological innovations, product development, and product pricing. To gain a competitive edge over the other competitors in the Reflective Material industry, the leading players are focusing more on ways to offer products at attractive prices.
For the purpose of this report, Reports and Data has segmented the Reflective Material market on the basis of type, end use, and region:
Product Outlook (Revenue: USD Billion; Volume: Million Tons; 2017-2027)
• Fabric
• Sheet
• Coatings
• Paints & Inks
• Tape & Films
• Specialty Products
• Others

https://preview.redd.it/k1k8aed99xo51.jpg?width=2000&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=7d7453c05cfccaa3e71cdf6eed377953b37d3f16
Material Type Outlook (Revenue: USD Billion; Volume: Million Tons; 2017-2027)
• Microprismatic
• Glass
Application Outlook (Revenue: USD Billion; Volume: Million Tons; 2017-2027)
• Building & Construction
• Textile
• Automotive
• Healthcare
• Others
Get Discount on this Report: https://www.reportsanddata.com/discount-enquiry-form/1226
Regional Outlook (Revenue in USD Million; 2016–2027)
• North America
• U.S.
• Europe
• Germany
• France
• UK
• Spain
• Italy
• Rest of the Europe
• Asia Pacific
• China
• India
• Japan
• Rest of Asia-Pacific
• Middle East & Africa
• Latin America
• Brazil
What are the market factors that are explained in the report?
1. Market dynamics: The Reflective Material report also assesses the various commercial possibilities that are expected to be revealed in the near future and the positive revenue forecasts in the years ahead. It also studies the key markets and explores different geographies where the industry is established.
2. Competitive Market Share: The key players focus their operations in the sector in select regions, owing to their robust geographic reach and huge production facilities. Players operating in this market are in intense competition in terms of technological advancements, product development, and product pricing. To gain a competitive upper hand over the other rivals in the Reflective Material industry, the prominent players are focusing more on offering products at reasonable prices.
3. The Goal of The Report: The main objective of this research study is to provide a holistic overview and a better interpretation of market aspects to producers, suppliers, and distributors. The readers can get profound insights into this market that will allow them to formulate and develop critical strategies to bring about the desired business expansion.
4. Feature of the report:
The report studies the key factors affecting the market:
The various opportunities in the market.
1. To study the overall size of the market and deduce industry trends from this analysis.
2. To inspect the market based on the product, market share, and product share.
3. To analyze the market on the basis of end-users and applications focused on the growth rate of each application segment.
View Full Report Description with TOC: https://www.reportsanddata.com/report-detail/reflective-materials-market
Reasons to Purchase Reflective Material Market Report:
1. Current and future progression of Reflective Material products in the developed and emerging markets.
2. The segments that are estimated to control the future growth of the Reflective Material market.
3. Regions that are expected to undergo the fastest growth during the forecast years.
4. Identify the recent developments, Reflective Material market shares, and lucrative strategies deployed by the prominent market contenders.
Moreover, the research report mentions the leading players in the global Reflective Material market. Their critical marketing approaches and advertising enterprise have been underlined to offer a clear outlook of the Reflective Material market.
Related Reports –
About Us: Reports and Data is a market research and consulting company that provides syndicated research reports, customized research reports, and consulting services. Our solutions purely focus on your purpose to locate, target and analyze consumer behavior shifts across demographics, across industries and help client’s make a smarter business decision. We offer market intelligence studies ensuring relevant and fact-based research across a multiple industries including Healthcare, Technology, Chemicals, Types, and Energy. We consistently update our research offerings to ensure our clients are aware about the latest trends existent in the market.

2020.09.21 00:52 500scnds [Table] I made a free alternative to Photoshop, that is used by 7 million people. Ask me Anything!

Source Guestbook
I understand that people are always hesitant to answer this very specifically, but I'm always curious - given 7 million visitors, what your ballpark profit? And what's the ratio of the profit-to-expenses, which I assume is mostly server hosting costs as a one man operation? Most of my profit comes from ads. I make around 5 cents for every hour someone spends in Photopea (on average). In 2019, people spent 5 million hours working in Photopea, so I made around $250,000. I hope it could be 2x to 4x more this year :) Photopea runs completely in your computer (after Photopea.com loads, you can disconnect from the internet and use it offline). I use only a file hosting, for which I pay around 50 USD a year. the below is a reply to the above How is that possible to only pay 50 USD/year when you get ~7 million people in a month and your site is 1.8mb. That's around 12tb/month. I don't know of any host willing to do 12tb of data for$50/12 I don't understand it either :/ I will ask my hosting provider.
the below is a reply to the above
Don’t! :) I already did :)
I'm glad you have a subscription option. As a policy I don't turn my adblocker off, but I'll totally subscribe as your rates are quite reasonable! If you're around and don't mind answering, how many subscriptions do you have? There are hundreds of people paying for Premium :) so about 0.01% of all users :)
How much do you think you're losing out because of adblockers? It is hard to tell, maybe between 10 to 40 percent :/
the below is a reply to the above
You should implement a donation feature as well, to offer more ways for users to support you. People can already order a Premium. I think it is better to get something in return (removing ads), so anybody who wants to support us can do it :)
First of all, thank you for making a great alternative. My question is, how would you compare Photopea to The Gimp in terms of features and interface? The interface of Photopea is closer to Photoshop than GIMP (so it is more comfortable to Photoshop users). I think all you can do in GIMP you can do in Photopea, but with a different workflow. You can open GIMP files (XCF) in Photopea.
There are many advanced features in Photopea, that are not in GIMP. The most important is probably the full support of a PSD format.
the below is a reply to the above
the below is a reply to the above
Does it support vectors better than Photoshop? I don't like how limited it is in Photoshop. Even illustrator is annoying Photopea can open SVG and PDF images better than Photoshop. Just try it!
the below is a reply to the grandparent
Thank you for your program. I use it to make memes and do photoshopped things! You are welcome! I am happy that Photopea is useful to you :)
How did you learn how to make software? I was interested in computers since I was 14. I was studying computer science at the university between 18 and 25 years of age.
I studied theoretical computer science at the Charles university in Prague. Finishing the university was probably the hardest thing in my life (I do not enjoy learning as much as I enjoy creating stuff). But I also think it was the most valuable and productive part of my life and I am very proud of it :)
Here to say I've been using it, maybe the only white listed site on my ad-block. What was the hardest part to implement? The advanced foreground selection was quite hard. It is used e.g. in MagicCut. I wanted to reach the quality of remove.bg (where you pay $2 per image), but it still does not work that well. Anyway, I think MagicCut works better than all other free tools and many commercial tools, so it can save you a lot of money :) the below is a reply to the above You should look at U-2 Net https://github.com/NathanUA/U-2-Net a recently released paper with code that has amazing results I know quite a lot about this research :) The problem is, that people use Photopea for free, so it would have to run on their computers. They would have to download a 200 MB network, and unless they don't have a$2000 GPU, they would have to wait for hours to do such foreground / background detection.
the below is a reply to the above
From the paper: "To facilitate the usage of our design in computation and memory constrained environments, we provide a small version of our U2-Net, called U2-Net† (4.7 MB). The U2-Net† achieves competitive results against most of the SOTA models (see Fig. 1) at 40 FPS." Unless there's something similar but better or they're outright lying, 4.7 MB sounds like an extremely reasonable memory footprint and it's pretrained so nobody's going to max out their GPU. You might want to give it another look. Wow, that sounds great, I will put it into my issues: https://github.com/photopea/photopea/issues/2368
the below is a reply to the grandparent
Not 100% sure, but a GPU is needed to train the network (which can take hours) and the trained networks usually do things in seconds or even faster. Users would still need to download the network, but it wouldn't be very computationally expensive. Such trained network can process the input in seconds on the GPU. If you process the input of the network on a CPU (even with multiple cores), it can take minutes or even hours. And training on a CPU can take weeks :)
I use Photopea regularly when developing web sites. I don't have to fire up my VM or limit myself to GIMP or Krita. The third most popular tech magazine in the Czech Republic, Letem světem Applem, was developed with the help of your tool. Díky! My question: will you ever open-source Photopea, at least partially? Hi, thanks a lot!
A huge part of Photopea is open-sourced and available at https://github.com/photopea?tab=repositories
the below is a reply to the above
I'm scared to even open that repo 😂. What hosting provider are you using that can handle 5 million users in a year? I have a local hosting provider from the Czech Republic. It is just distributing HTML, CSS and JS files (no server-side computations like PHP or SQL databases), so it is not that hard.
Hi! Two questions 1. Does photopea have support for RAW photo files of varying cameras? (.ARW for example) 2. Why do you think Adobe charges so much for their platform when your model is clearly fairly simple to produce (if one person can do it alone) and functions profitably? Hi! Yes, Photopea can open .DNG, .CR2, .NEF and .ARW files :)
There are programs that are much more expensive than Adobe products :) It is hard to tell, but I think it is because there are no reasonable alternatives, or the alternatives are not known very well.
the below is a reply to the above
As a Fuji user, .RAF support coming at some point? Hi, the .RAF format was invented by Fuji and has never been publicly described anywhere. I tried to ask Fuji to provide a description of their format, so that I can implement it into Photopea, but nobody replied :(
I think Fuji does not want you to open their files in any other software than their software.
the below is a reply to the above
I don't think fuji has their own editing software, most people use either Capture One or Lightroom, or Irident X-Transformer to convert into a DNG Photopea can open DNG without any problems :) but it is a real pity they don't store it in DNG directly.
I just discovered this software and it is bloody amazing. As a hobby animator, I'm wondering - Do you have any plans, or have you at least thought about, making an animation software in the same way you have achieved this? Something like Adobe Flash/Animate or Toon Boom Harmony. (I'm already sold on your idea for a video editor, since Davinci Resolve's free version has NEVER been able to render videos for me without crashing) There is a distinct lack of reasonably priced animation software that achieves nearly as much as these two ridiculously expensive subscription programs, without sacrificing something really important to animation. The closest thing to achieving what Animate or Harmony has is Blender's new 2d animate mode, and even then, you have to sacrifice convenient features like easy tweening. An alternative free (or one-purchase) animation software would make me - and so many other people happy. Now that I know this software exists, I'll be sure to donate to its production. Thanks! You are not the first one asking for this :) I wish I could make so many tools, but I am afraid my life is too short for all that work :D
If I manage to make a good team of programmers in the future, I would love to make such animation software.
Is there a comprehensive guide I can find for all the tools in photopea? I’m new to photo editing and still confused by the interface. Photopea is an advanced editor and it is hard to learn simply by using it. I wrote a manual here: www.Photopea.com/learn .
the below is a reply to the above
You made documentation? What kind of unholy programmer from the abyss are you? Don’t let our bosses find out or we’re screwed. I made it after several years of explaining people how to do things in emails, etc :) Now, I can simply send them links to my documentation. It took me less than a week :D
I love using photopea! I open it almost daily. Is there a way to review the source and contribute pull requests? Have you thought about providing an offline or self-hosted release? Thanks! The open-source parts of Photopea are published on our GitHub: https://github.com/photopea?tab=repositories . We provide a self-hosted versions for money, as it needs to be updated regularly.
How would you compare it to photoshop? Photopea has about 90% of features of Adobe Photoshop, but there are some features of Photopea that Photoshop doesn't have (e.g converting PDF, SVG, Sketch, XD, Figma to layered PSD documents).
Also, only Photoshop and Photopea fully support the PSD format, so I think Photopea is the best alternative to Photoshop at the moment.
the below is a reply to the above
What do you think about GIMP? GIMP is great, but it can not work with PSD files properly. Also, the interface is quite different from Adobe Photoshop, and it is hard to use for former Photoshop users.
Do you pronounce it photo-pea, or photo-pee-ah? I pronounce it Photo-pea, but most of people pronounce it photo-pee-ah.
It is probably the most asked question in our subreddit :) /photopea.
EDIT: I did a quick search and here is what I found :)
the below is a reply to the above
Good to know I got its pronunciation right :D I like photos and I like peas. What made you call it photopea? I wanted it to be PhotoSomething, and I wanted a domain PhotoSomething.com . Most of domains were occupied, until I found Pea :)
Not a question, but I just want to put this out there for all the non-developers, but the fact that Photopea was created by a single programmer is absolutely astounding. As a developer myself, I cannot fathom the productivity of this developer nor have I ever met someone that could be this productive. Teams of 10-20 developers could not match the functionality and feature list of photopea. And actually, here is a question after all, have you ever recorded or livestreamed yourself coding? I'm having a hard time imagining the pace required to be this productive. Do you have an estimate of the number of hours you have put into this? Hi, thanks a lot! I think I put between 15 000 and 20 000 hours into Photopea :) I never recorded myself programming, but most of it is just staring into the wall thinking, opening Youtube or Reddit from time to time (to "relax" a bit), and I writing code once in a while :)
Any chance your program can export files to work with a cnc machine? Sure, just tell me what format does that machine accepts? Is than an open format? Can you use e.g. an SVG?
Manufacturers often create their proprietary formats to make you dependent on their software.
the below is a reply to the above
G-Code is pretty common, although I'm unsure as to what Z-axis information you would capture in an image format unless it was texturized somehow and interpreted that as topography? Maybe like the color coded images to show 3 dimensions in a planar view. I know lasewaterjet cutting and similar that do 2D operations typically ask me for a DXF file or equivalent. I've never used Photopea for this (or even tried) but typically I take a vector format and import into CAD software to generate a DXF for this purpose. I know my media guy can never get me a format I need to import a logo and such for mechanical design. A DXF or similar vector would be amazing if it doesn't exist already. Hi, would you be able to write this into our GitHub? https://github.com/photopea/photopea/issues . And most importantly, would you be able to discuss it there with me, if I have any questions? I never worked with any CNC machine.
Hi !! Can I know about your backend ? There is a webhosting which stores one HTML, one CSS and several JS files. Photopea is written in Javascript and runs completely in a computer of the visitor.
the below is a reply to the above
Have you used any frontend frameworks? No, I wrote my own Javascript, HTML and CSS. I usually prefer to use what I know, instead of learning how to use new tools :)
How do you handle users that pay for premium? There must be some sort of database right? Yes, there is a database. I just wanted to say, that out of these 7 million people, the database is needed maybe for a hundred of them.
the below is another reply to the original question
Not without dinner first Take my upvote, too :)
Are there any new browser features or HTML features that will make your code a lot simpler? I would love if browsers let Photopea know, when Ctrl+T was pressed on the keyboard. People have been using the Ctrl+T shortcut in Adobe Photoshop for decades and almost every week, someone asks why it does not work in Photopea.
At the moment, when you press Ctrl+T in any browser, it opens a new tab (panel), and a we can not do anything about it :( I have been personally arguing about it with browser developers for over five years.
"Fighting" with browser developers is quite a big part of my work, which is quite sad :(
the below is a reply to the above
When in fullscreen Ctrl+T works in both Chrome and Edge, it triggers the transform tool. Maybe prompt the user to switch Photopea to fullscreen ? The website feels like a standalone app so it makes sense to get rid of the browser UI anyway. I think the Ctrl+T should be usable even when not in the fullscreen mode.
I'm sure you must've researched this thoroughly over the years but maybe stackoverflow seems to have a couple good answers on disabling new tab shortcut keys. Maybe have a look? Esp these 2: 1 - https://stackoverflow.com/questions/38442886/chrome-disable-ctrlt-shortcut - you could make your own extension and then make that extension do the "Free Transform"? 2 - https://stackoverflow.com/questions/18625091/how-to-disable-firefox-new-tab-action-when-pressin-ctrl-and-clicking-a-link-wi I'm no good at js but maybe have a look... I guess I could also just make my own web browser and ask users to install it :D
How about a Desktop version? That'd be great! You can go to Photopea.com and press More - Install Photopea. It will add an icon to your homescreen, which will start Photopea without the browser UI. But it works only in the latest Chrome, Edge and Opera. https://www.facebook.com/photopea/photos/a.1703140446613703/2120885974839146
the below is a reply to the above
What Api does that? Seems chromium only but i wouldn't care. Never heard of that. It is called PWA - progressive web apps, and the app can trigger the installing process https://medium.com/@dhormale/install-pwa-on-windows-desktop-via-google-chrome-browser-6907c01eebe4
What are your plans for the video editor, and how can I keep up to date on its progress? (video editor here that loves what you did with photopea) I do not have any specific plans about the video editor yet. You can follow Photopea on Facebook or Twitter to know about the progress (links in my original post) :)
You mentioned your income is through ads. Have you thought of other avenues for revenue sources or ways to increase your current revenue even more to be able to hire more employees? Yes, I have thought about it, but I don't know about any ways, which could work better than ads.
Most of the current Photopea user can not afford to pay for the software, so I don't want to make half of features available only after the payment.
the below is a reply to the above
Would a premium version that's identical in features but without ads be an option? Unless this is already a thing? It is already a thing :) You can hide ads for $10 for three months. Also, there is no subscription, you pay manually any time you want. Ads come back once it runs out :) What things does Photoshop do better than your alternative? Photoshop can open almost all RAW image formats (in their Camera Raw program). I think Adobe pays the camera manufacturers, so that they allow Adobe to open raw files from their cameras. At the moment, Photopea can open only four RAW formats, which cover around 80% of the market. Do you think that photopea has been a success? I use it for work everyday and I certainly think it is! I think it is the most useful thing I made in my life so far, so it is a success :) Good stuff. Love a free image editor. Why is this already on the front page, with just 6 comments and 22 points? I don't know much about the Reddit algorithm, but I think it is also about how old the post is. E.g. if you get 20 points in 5 minutes, you will be on top of a post, which received 50 points in an hour. What's your favourite video game? Also thank you the amount if complete trash I have cropped using photopea is immeasurable I received my first computer when I was 13 and PC games seemed too complicated to me (and most of them were in English, which I did not know well). I never had a playstation or a gameboy. So I never played video games much. The first game I "understood" and truly enjoyed playing was Serious Sam :) I also spent A LOT of time playing Clash of Clans. Will it stay free or is there a possibility that you're gonna put a price on that? Photopea has been free to use since the first release seven years ago, and I would like to keep it free to use in the future, too. Love photopea, I use it all the time! Does anyone trouble you with any legal issues since it's basically an online photoshop? Thanks! I think the similarity of the interface of Photoshop and Photopea (and other photo editors) is a good thing. Imagine if each brand of computers had a different layout of a keyboard, because they wanted to be "different". I am very happy, that I can simply take any keyboard and start typing on it right away. Maybe one time someone will come and say, that we have to make the background red, because the dark grey color is already used in their program. And we have to rename the Brush tool to "hair on a stick tool", because the Brush tool is already used in their program. But I hope such time will never come :D the below is a reply to the above Please make an April 1st version with copyright-friendly tools, that would be awesome. Brush – Hair on a stick Bucket – Metal container Move – Relocate and so on. Edit: April Tools’ Day That is a graet idea! :D How do you approach creating something that is intuitive? How do you know that your logic is universally understood? Are there any examples of tools, tasks, icons that you have had to change based on feedback? Thank you and great work! The user interface of Photopea has been evolving for seven years and there were probably hundreds of suggestions from users, which I listened to and modified, to get what we have now :) Hi Ivan, I've used Photopea for a couple of years for basic editing. Congratulations - it's an amazing tool. The only feature that prevents me from upgrading to a paid version is the font selection interface. There are far too many fonts available, they load slowly, are all obscure and not represented well in preview. Would you consider curating/refining the available fonts? Hi, thanks! It is completely fine to use Photopea for free, you don't have to pay for Premium :) You can mark some fonts with a star, and then, you can display only the "starred" fonts. You can use filters to see e.g. only "sans" fonts and hide "comic" or "handwritten" fonts. You can enable Latin-1 and other language categories, to see only fonts with many letters (only professional fonts support more than 200 letters). Have you experienced any pushback/pressure from the bigger players? No :) I have been in touch with people from Google, Adobe, Corel, Canva and other companies, evrybody was very friendly and helpful :) Thanks for making Photopea- I'm certainly loving it. Will there ever be an offline version? Hi, thanks! A big challenge is, that Photopea can not use fonts from your computer, and it downloads fonts from our server, when you choose to use that font. So changing fonts would not work in an offline version (except of a couple of fonts we could pre-store). I think the amount of time people spend using their computer offline is decreasing, and will be almost zero at some point :) the below is a reply to the above If I use a font I have purchased, is it easy to implement, if you don't have that font on your server? Hi, just press File - Open in Photopea to load a font (TTF or OTF file) :) Do you plan to keep photopea solely browser based? Many people think that browser programs are slower or "less capable" than desktop programs, but it is not true in the last five years. So a "download and install" version of Photopea would not have many advantages. I could provide an offline version of Photopea, but at the moment, most of money come from ads, which would not work offline :/ the below is a reply to the above You can try and make an Electron app, I know its essentially a browser but it would give that "native" feel to users. Hi, you can already press More - Install Photopea in Photopea and use it as a PWA :) Great. Now can we please start working on a viable PDF editor that doesn't cost hundreds of dollars per year? Photopea can already do it to some degree :) have you tried it? The PDF format was not meant to be edited further. But we are improving. Thanks for developing Photopea. After your last AMA, I started using it. Is there a way for size of a new document to default to image dimensions on the clipboard? That's one of the handiest things in Photoshop so you don't have to either enter manually or overguess then crop down later. The size of a new document should be set by default to the dimension of the content of the clipboard. But it works only in Chrome, Edge and Opera. Firefox did not implement the necessary standard yet. Don't know about Safari :/ You mentioned you plan on making a video editor. Have you considered an Illustrator alternative as well? Photopea already has many vector-related capabilities. It can open, edit and save SVG and PDF files. Somehow, I feel like a video editor would be more fun to make than an advanced vector editor. the below is a reply to the above Didn't know it supported editing SVGs. How does it compare to something like Inkscape? The interface is a lot different than Inkscape. Just try it and see how it works :) I know this is a long shot, but any chance I can join on board with little to no knowledge so I can learn (for free of course)? 😁 It could be doing menial tasks for all I care. If not, any advice for someone like me wanting to change career path and code? I'm just tired of what I've been doing so I just recently starting some online coding courses but would like to learn more hands on if possible. Hoping to change career path for the future. Well, if I spend time teaching you, I will have to invest less time into developing Photopea :D I have been often tired of what I did, I get tired of Photopea-related work from time to time. There is not just a bad job and a good job, there are many things in between. But whenever you have to choose between a simple goal and a hard goal, don't be afraid to go for a hard goal :) How did you begin to scale up the workforce? What positions did you prioritise and how did the recruitment process go? I'm in an early process of starting up a web application and can see it being difficult going from working alone on a project to trusting people to share the same determination to grow it. Thanks I do not have any team, I still work on Photopea alone. Hi. Great stuffs. I will definitely give it a try soon. May I give a suggestion ? I use GIMP for Image editing since I usually have to make some illustrations for my work. And GIMP provides me with the function of adding Text from another format, like LaTeX (to write math formula). Do you think this would be possible to implement in your app ? Hi, is the LaTeX text rasterized to pixels after you insert it? Or you can modify it in GIMP? the below is a reply to the above the LINUX version of GIMP has a module in the Render section which allows me to type in the LaTeX code and product an image of the formula. I am not really used to the terminology of image like vector or raster image. But once the formula is produced, it is not modifiable. So if I messed up, I have to redo the process from the beginning. We don't have such thing in Photopea at the moment. I used to write my masters thesis in https://www.sharelatex.com/ . You can also convert LaTeX to a PNG image here: http://latex2png.com/ (right-click the image - Copy Image, and paste it in Photopea). Can it do animations? The only thing I use photoshop for at this point is it's animation ability, especially it's keyframe animations, where you can make a single frame last however many seconds you like. If it can do that, i can finally delete photoshop. Hi, we do not have such animation capabilities as Photoshop. But there is a special mechanism for making animations from layers: https://www.photopea.com/learn/animations the below is a reply to the above This kind of animation capability is exactly what I was looking for. Does it allow you to view the animation as a preview before you choose EXPORT? Of course :) Just drag-and-drop a GIF into Photopea and try to export it as a GIF, it will take you around seven seconds :) what was your eureka moment for photopea that whoa this is possible? Sometimes, when I learn about a new algorithm or a method, I wonder how elegant and ingenious it is :) Like - the person who came up with it should have been really smart, I wish I was also that smart :D Have you considered using Patreon? Have you considered letting people subscribe for a fixed period if no ads? Hi, we already offer a Premium account, where you pay and it hides ads for a period of time. I know about Patreon, but I feel a bit uncomfortable about accepting money for nothing in return. Is there a downloadable version available/in the works? You can go to www.Photopea.com and press More - Install Photopea, to get an icon to your homescreen. https://www.facebook.com/photopea/photos/a.1703140446613703/2120885974839146 i tried using it on my display tablet, there doesn't seem to be any pressure sensitivity? Hi, try to update your tablet (drivers, browser, os, etc). But it works on the latest iPad and on my old Android phone (it tracks the pressure of my finger). If it does not help, try to report it to the tablet manufacturer (as it will not work in any website, not just Photopea). Is there support for sprite editing tools or just tools in general for game devs? Do you mean generating sprites, etc? It can do most of things Photoshop can do, but if you need something more, you can always suggest it here :) https://github.com/photopea/photopea/issues What made you decide to create a free photo editor? It was just an experiment of analyzing PSD files in a browser. I gradually improved it. I did not want to make a photo editor during the first two years of work. But at some point, I realised - hey, it should not be that hard to make it into a photo editor. How is this compared to GIMP? Hi, you can read this article: https://www.techrepublic.com/article/photoshop-alternative-no-its-not-gimp/ But it is about Photopea from two years ago. Photopea improved significantly since then. So is it WASM or just regular old JS + WebGL? I found this looking for a browser based paint.net alternative a while back and thought it was awesome, but the controls were a bit too advanced/inaccessible for my requirements. If you're serious about growing the dev team I'm a self employed engineer if you want to hit me up. I wrote only JS and GLSL (for GPU processing). I use three WASM libraries, which I did not make. Thanks for your offer, but I would like to hire someone I could work with in person. I’ve been using photopea ever since your previous AMA a year ago. My question is: how often are do you AMA and how did it impact traffic to photopea? I did only three AMAs with about a year between them. The traffic grows by about 10 - 20%, which lasts for a day or two :) How much time have you invested in creating this tool? Or what's your weekly time investment? I never measured it, but I think it is about the "regular" 40 hours a week. Did you know most of what you needed before starting on Photopea or did you learn as you went along with adding new features? What unexpected difficulties presented themselves while working on Photopea? It is like I knew how to use a chisel, but I never carved a statue that big. I learned many practical things (state-of-art algorithms etc), I used many things I learned at the university, which I thought I will never use :) How do I start contributing to Photopea? What would you like to contribute with? You can help us find bugs or help beginners at our subreddit: www.reddit.com/photopea I hope this hasn't been asked, but why haven't you made a downloadable/fully offline version of your program yet? I know that as soon as you load the site you can use it offline, but there are times when people need to edit pictures without any internet connection at all. The online version makes it much easier to release new versions and do updates. I update Photopea about 30 times a week (with minor fixes). Also, it feels a little uncofmortable to imagine, that someone is using a two year old version of Photopea and is cursing me because of some bug, which I already fixed, and I can not do anything about it at that moment :/ What technologies did you use to build this? I used Javascript and WebGL :) It's really great that you're offering an alternative to Photoshop! I was wondering, what language or software did you use to write Photopea? I wrote my code in Javascript, but in my opinion, the language is not important at all. The best language is the one you know how to use. Also, for me, it is important, that there is a way to execute my code fast, which is possible with Javascript in modern browsers. [removed] Hi, you should not use Auto-translate, as we have a professional Swedish translation. Just press More - Language - Svenska. You can switch languages without restarting Photopea. Photopea.com should be in Swedish the first time you open it, if Swedish is set as your main language. What's your End User Licensing Agreement looking like? How is this licensed? I like to know before end users start requesting such as im sure someone now wants to install this in a corporate environment... Photope works in your computer and it never sends any data outside your computer. It is just like buying the cheapest calculator and using it. You don't get a licence to use such calculator, the numbers that you enter into a calculator don't leave the calculator. Our terms of service are here: https://www.photopea.com/privacy.html What's your opinion of the current state and direction of front-end development? I think I don't know much about it. I write my JS code in notepad and that code is precisely the code which runs in the browser of a user (without any modification). I did not change the way I develop webapps in the last six years. the below is a reply to the above Straight up Windows Notepad? Not notepad++ or Visual Studio Code or Atom or anything else??? I use Notepad++ :) Are you planning in translating it? If so, I'd be glad to work on the italian version. Hi, it is already translated into 40 langauges, just press More - Language - Italiano :) Hey Ivan, i'm very impressed by your work, but i'm an avid GIMP user. As you can imagine switching editors is always a hassle once you've got used to one. So can you give me some bullet points why it would be worth to switch from GIMP to Photopea? Thanks for the AMA! Hi, I think you should stay with GIMP, since you already know how to use it :) And if there is nothing specific you miss in GIMP, you probably don't need such features :) Hey ivanhoe90 I noticed today that the pen tool behaves backward when clicking the second point and dragging. It's like the curve goes the opposite direction than anyone would expect. I almost filed a github issue on it but I just didn't have time. Is that a bug? Oh, I am very sorry, it is fixed now. Hi, I wanted to know what's your story. That is your biography. And what did you study too get here? How did you get the idea for photopea? Hi, I gave a talk about it in France a year ago :) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IZmaeC_Ma5A DUDE! Your program saved me in the final semester of my Masters. I needed to upload images and I don't have a scanner so I used my phone and fixed the colour and tones in Photopea. Bless you for your hard work. I guess my question is what kind of cheese do you like? Thanks a lot! If you only knew how happy I am about such comments :) I like all cheeses, as I think they are all amazing, each one in a different way. I love this software and I use it daily, Every time I think to myself "I wonder if can also do" the answer has been yes. I love showing my co-workers this software while working in Citrix, it always blows people away that this works. Question: Any change of seeing a feature that doesn't automatically export local files to the download folder? I would love to select where I want to automatically save them or just save as > location (The google drive system already amazing though) It's that one minor thing that makes me end up with File(17).png Hi, thanks! The saving mechanism depends on the settings of the web browser. The browser usually handles the file saving the same way for all websites. So just change the browser settings - make the browser ask you about where you want the files to be saved (we can not do anything about it as a website). Do you think Photopea can have more active users than Photoshop? And why? It is hard to tell. There are many features in Photoshop and other editors, which Photopea can not do. Even if Photopea has more active users, it does not mean it makes more money. Well I'm 9 hours late and maybe it was already asked and answered, but if you feel like responding... do you have to recreate stuff like puppet warp or quick select from scratch? Like you have to go back and read some old white paper on the algorithm, and then sort of reinvent the wheel? Hi, that is correct, there are usually no free implementations of such algorithms, and if there are, they are not in Javascript or are not good enough :/ Actually, the Puppet Warp is based on a 2009 paper from Takeo Igarashi. I found a mistake in it and I wrote him an email, and it took me several emails to persuade him that he really made a mistake in his paper :) But many other authors refuse to look deep into papers they wrote a long time ago. Who would you prefer Photopea being aquired by, and why? I don't know. I am not looking for an acquisition at the moment. I'm getting into video editing. I'm a noob to photoshop and video editing. Are there any tools in this that can complement my video editing? I was thinking of being able to create custom graphics for the videos but what else are the capabilities? I dont know much about video editing, but you can use Photopea for photo editing. I think the more time you spend learning a tool, before actually using it, the less time you will spend in total (e.g. doing something by "trial and error" in 3 hours vs. learning it in 1 hour and doing it in 30 minutes, because you learned how to do it). How were you able to acquire such a vast amount of knowledge about editors and programming? I studied programming at the university for many years. Learning how to use Photoshop or any other editor is easier, but still can take weeks or months. the below is a reply to the above I'm currently studying programming at uni too. Am I correct in assuming that the vast majority of the code for photopea is JavaScript since it's a web application? Yes, I wrote my programs in Javascript :) But I did not have any Javascript class ever in my life. I think the programming skills are not related to the knowledge of a specific programming language. Could you comment on https://github.com/photopea/JS-guide a bit? I don't quite understand why you're against using syntactic sugar. Especially let, const, and strict equality. I'm not claiming to be an expert at all, but most of these guidelines are in opposition to modern day JS practices. So I was just curious if you could elaborate on your decision making! I think it is up to you what you write. But I am used to writing as "simple" code as possible, and it just looks cleaner to me if you use "var" instead of let/const (and it has no impact on the speed). [deleted] I think the knowledge is the most important. Also, it should be someone friendly, calm, rational, etc :D Hey, I don't know if this has been asked before but since you have mentioned that Photopea can run offline after it's been loaded (meaning that there is no server backend), have you ever considered packing the app into a desktop app (e.g. with Electron or nw.js)? Hi, I think opening a website is faster and more comfortable than downloading and installing something. Also, the electron version would be hard to update (unless it is just an iframe with Photopea inside it). Have you ever considered making Photopea into a mobile app? Hi, half of our users use Photopea on phones. It works quite well. If you look for "photopea" on Youtube, most of videos are recorded on phones. My Reddit client doesn’t have a comment search feature, but have you considered bundling an electron version for people to download? Seems like a quick win, and even gets around ad blockers. Or if it’s a premium only offering, is just icing on the cake Hi, I was a bit lazy to maintain a separate version of Photopea. I don't see any advantages it would have over the basic version. submitted by 500scnds to tabled [link] [comments] 2020.09.20 11:18 kcluqhto Movierulz 2020: Download Free Bollywood, Hollywood And Tamil Movies Movies are the source of entertainment for all ages of people. Everyone loves downloading and streaming movies. There are people who can afford to watch and then there are others who cannot. If you are one of the above-mentioned people then this article is for you. To know more about the interesting options like Movie4Me to stream and download your favorite pick. 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The reason why it became quite popular among the masses is it provides all the movies in multiple formats ranging from 360p, 420p, 780p and 1080p. As per space, you have left in your device, you can opt to download the format. The website showcases how much size a particular format will take to get it downloaded. If you are downloading a movie from Movie4Me.com, opting for 420p or 300 MB size option will be highly recommended. If you are downloading any Tollywood or Hollywood movies, the size will provide you dual audio quality and subtitle making it easier for non-native language to watch the film with the flow. Doesn’t these options are worth to visit it on repeat? As soon as English or Hollywood movies release in India, Movie4Me does not take much time to upload movies Hindi version or Dubbed version on its websites since its millions of users do not know the English language. That could be the reason behind its soaring popularity among Indians. Movie4Me website is designed very well and has options to navigate each and every category of downloading all the movies. You would not find any difficulty while searching for Tamil Dubbed Movies, Hollywood Movies, Bollywood Movies, Movie4Me HD Movies and more. You might face some problem owing to pop up ads. Since piracy website offers download links for all HD movies within hours of their release date. Owing to fast update, Movie4Me has become the most beloved Hindi Movie Downloading site of the people. The website shows you whether the movie is in HD Quality, DVDrip, Bluray, and other low resolutions. You can also check the movie’s quality by streaming online before put it on download mode. # Why you should avoid Movie4Me to download movies? Well, the reason is quite obvious. As Movie4Me provides non-copyrighted content. Which means it shares movies link without the consent of the original owner of the content. Therefore, its domain is pirated or restricted in many countries along with India. Moreover, if you access any of these types of website it may harm your device. As they use third-party ads that contain corrupted files or malware that can damage your device. Accordingly, I would suggest staying away from these websites to secure your device as well as yourself from non-copyrighted content. # What are the legal options to download movies? Above we discussed that free of cost option can give us the opportunity to download movies without paying. But it also violates our government laws and also it is not safe for our devices as well. So what can be other options for downloading and enjoying the latest movies? Well, there are such legal options that allow you to download movies and shows of different languages. Options such as Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hotstar, SonyLiv and other such legal sites that are purely safe to access. However, these are all subscription-based websites but few also provide free content. It is better to spend some money on entertainment rather than getting corrupted files or malware in your device. # Three legal options to stream and download movies Netflix offers all the latest movies and shows of Hollywood and Bollywood. It has around a thousand tv shows and nearly 4000 movies to stream and download. Moreover, you do not have to pay at once, you will get a one-month free trial. Thereafter, you can continue watching while choosing one of the three streaming plans: basic, standard and premium. Each plan will offer you different features and limits to watch films and shows. SonyLiv is also one amazing option to stream videos online for free and premium based movies and shows. It features more than a dozen TV channels in India. The interface is quite clean and simple on the website. The paid content is clearly modified as Premium to help you find the free content. Moreover, the content is divided into trending, drama, Hindi, South Indian, Romantic, Comedy, etc. SonyLiv offers its premium plans at Rs.99/month and Rs.499/year to unlock more exciting content. Amazon Prime Video is a rival to Netflix and ranks second in the list of video streaming platforms in India. It is a much cheaper option compare to Netflix where the basic plan starts at the lowest cost of Rs 500. Whereas Amazon Prime Video offers a monthly subscription at only Rs.129. And a yearly subscription at the cost of Rs.999 along with free Amazon Prime deliveries on Amazon account. Talking about movies and shows, well it holds a strong collection of Hindi and English Tv shows and movies. Along with awesome storage of Bollywood and other Indian language movies. Name it Marathi, Bengali, Telugu, Punjabi, Tamil or else. It also produces home-grown content too. Such as The Man from High Castle, One Mississippi, Fleabag and others. You can stream shows such as Suits, The Mindy Project, Young Sheldon, and many more. # Here’s why you shouldn’t visit Movie4Me Tamilrockers If you are a citizen of India, you should know that we have a piracy law which restricts its citizen to use any illegal site for either for streaming or downloading purpose. Unfortunately, if you ever caught exploring any torrent sites including the above-mentioned site, the Indian government has authorized to punish you as per the piracy law. There are multiple laws in India against online piracy to save them from paying the hefty price. In India, the Copyright Act, 1957 protects all type of music, songs, and videos, literary and artistic work. The Stop Online Piracy Act (STOP) is also one such act that restricts access to sites that host pirated content. The prime aim behind the piracy law is to stop or crackdown on copyright infringement. # Is it legal to download movies from Movie4Me or Movie Rulz? No..Downloading or streaming movies from Movie4Me are completely illegal and if you still use the site, you might land in trouble. In fact, the MPAA or the Motion Picture Association of America said that such websites are considered a notorious website as they make all the latest movies available for Hd download. After Tamilrockers, Movie4Me is said to be the most notorious piracy website worldwide. As per the reports, the website had once recorded over 98 million users monthly, which is very high that has been designated as an illegal website. The website is reportedly developed in Vietnam. # How does Movie4Me work? Movie4Me is a free movie download website, which is being operated by a bunch of people from undisclosed locations. In order to make money or convert its millions of user into money, the owners of the website use different ads network. Notably, Movie4Me does not use Google AdSense ads becuase they promote piracy and that is against Google’s policy. # Is it safe to use Movie4Me? No.. It is not safe for a longer period of time. Movie4Me is a torrent website, which has been banned by the Indian government. Using any torrent website or piracy website in India is a crime. Besides some legal issue, if you use any illegal and pirate website, you may get some unusual malware or even viruses in your PC or mobile. There is a possibility that you may accidentally click on a specific link while using this website, which may cause malware to enter your PC. You can also take it to some websites that are not protected. Another thing is that Movie4Me can damage your mobile device or your computer. There is a possibility that you may experience that your device is running slow or even overheating when you use the Movie4Me website. The reason for this is that this website is using more ROM to be able to stream and get the videos you want to watch. And worst of all, the processor of your computer or mobile device may get damaged after a long time of using Movie4Me. # How to use Google Trick to Download Movie rulz Downloading movies or web series from Movie rulz is quite dangerous as it not legal in India. But, there are Google tricks making it easier for users to download all the latest HD movies or web series in HD quality. You might be thinking that downloading Movies from the torrent website is far difficult but you are wrong. In this article, we have brought you some tips for making your work easier. Without having to go to these websites, we could easily perform this task by applying a little Google trick. If you do not know, this Google trick is one of many that currently exist to activate a certain number of services. It is so easy, you could make a calculator, the translator, a unit converter and much more apparent. In order to make use of this other alternative, we must only use a small command line that is very easy to remember. # Final Words About Movie4Me So, that’s it for this post about Movie4Me. Piracy has been a major problem for the movie industry and sites like Movie4Me are one of the biggest producers of pirated content. Many awareness campaigns have been started to make people aware of this problem. People are getting more aware day by day and are refraining themselves from watching pirated content. If you have any questions in your mind then feel free to leave a comment below we will try to answer them asap. Stay tuned for more such informative posts. Thanks for reading. # Related Search Intant • Movie4Me • Movie4Me ds • Movie4Mez • #Movie4Me • Movie4Me website • Movie4Me apk • Movie4Me app • Movie4Me com • Movie4Me 2019 • #Movie4Mez • @Movie4Mez • Movie4Me hindi • Movie4Me for pc • Movie4Me india • Movie4Me story • Movie4Me problem • how to open Movie4Me • Movie4Me 2019 telugu • Movie4Me 2020 telugu • Movie4Me latest movie • Movie4Me telugu movies • Movie4Me hd movies telugu • latest telugu movies • Movie4Me telugu 2018 download • Movie4Me bollywood movies 2019 • Movie4Me 2020 • Movie4Me 2020 telugu • telugu movies 2020 • latest telugu movies 2020 • Movie4Me 2020 ms • install Movie4Me • telugu movies • install Movie4Me kodi • Movie4Me bollywood movies 2020 • Movie4Me online movies # Disclaimer: We The Live Mirror neither supports not promotes any piracy or torrent websites. We respect the Indian constitution and know how dangerous is downloading contents from pirated websites such as Movie4Me.com, Movie4Mems.com, Movie4Mepz.com, Movie4Memovies.com among others The content shown above is solely to provide our readers with the necessary information about the illegal a tivities. We do not intend to encourage our readers to use piracy or torrent websites. We urge our readers to stay away from such kinds of websites submitted by kcluqhto to Movierulze [link] [comments] 2020.09.20 10:31 kcluqhto Rdxhd: Download Free Bollywood, Hollywood, Tollywood Movies Movies are the source of entertainment for all ages of people. Everyone loves downloading and streaming movies. There are people who can afford to watch and then there are others who cannot. If you are one of the above-mentioned people then this article is for you. To know more about the interesting options like Movie4Me to stream and download your favorite pick. Just stay tuned till the end. Due to the Coronavirus Pandemic entire world is in a state of panic, fear, uncertainty and chaos. Citizen of the world are currently practising self-isolation and trying to find a way to keep themselves entertained. Do you want to keep your boredom away? If yes, we have brought to you a website called ‘Movie4Me’ where you can watch and download all the latest movies in HD quality for free. There are millions of people are busy searching free movie download website on the web but only a few people know about Movie4Me. For the unversed, Movie4Me website is the second largest free movie download website after Tamilrockers. If you love watching movies irrespective of language or genres, Rdxhd would never disappoint you. Yes, Movie4Me is regarded as the undisputed king of not only movies but also TV shows, web series and desi drama. According to reports, Movie4Me website has over 30 million monthly active users. The website is mostly visited by Indian then followed by the United States, United Arab Emirates, Australia, Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom. To keep your lockdown entertained, we have decided to write an article about Movie4Me highlighting its benefits and drawbacks. Movie4Me website is nothing but a treasure of movies and TV shows and it is regarded as one of the most trusted and popular free movies download sites across the globe. If you are looking for free movie download sites then visiting Movie4Me.com is highly recommended. Unlike other movies downloading sites, Movie4Me has been functioning for years and that is the reason why it has millions of daily visitors. We all know that Movie4Me.com is not the only website out there but we can say that there is no website that can be trusted except Movie4Me when it comes to downloading movies for free. Since Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared 21-days nationwide lockdown, the traffic of Movie4Me has exponentially surged and it is likely to be increased further in the near future. There are various reasons why the traffic of Movie4Me has skyrocketed and one of them is cinema halls and theatres are remain closed throughout the country and people are not allowed to venture out from the house since April 15, 2020. # About Movie4Me Video Piracy has been on a rise in the last couple of years. When it comes to Video Piracy the one name that comes to everyone’s mind is Movie4Me. Movie4Me is an online movie-streaming website that is known for pirating the newly-released movies. Whether it is Hollywood, Bollywood, or Tollywood, you will find movies from all movie-industries on this website as soon as they release in the cinemas. As I have said that not every one of us can afford to go to the cinema or get a subscription to options like Netflix and other such. Movie4Me is a type of website that allows users to download and stream movies for free. You can stream and download movies in HD. It has all types of movies be it Hollywood, Bollywood, and south – Indian movies. It also has Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, and dubbed movies in Hindi. You may go through a particular genre if you want. Be it horror, action, thriller, documentary, sci-fi, crime, and comedy. Also, romantic, historic, family, 18+ movies, or any other type. Movie4Me provides every type of Hollywood, Tollywood, Bollywood, and Kollywood movies. Though, there is no doubt that it is free and you get all those favorite movies free of cost. But Movie4Me is a piracy website that offers content illegally. And because of the copyright issues. It is banned in most countries along with India. Movie4Me changes its domain name frequently to keep itself available. It operates websites through several different domains like Movie4Me.pc, Movie4Me. nz, Movie4Me. cm, Movie4Me. gd, Movie4Me. ac, Movie4Me. in, Movie4Me. com, Movie4Me. to, Movie4Me. tv, Movie4Me. hp, Movie4Me. Co. On Movie4Me you can find movies from various genres, release years, and quality. All the movies are sorted alphabetically for easy searching. A search bar is also provided to search for movies by their name. After finding the movie that you want to watch you can find its download links. You can also stream the movie online without having to download it. You can add subtitles, change quality, change the speed of the movie using the features provided in the players. Torrent download links are also provided. On the movie’s page, you can find the details about the movie like description, genre, star cast, country, release year, etc. What is Movie4Me? Before delving into deeper about Movie4Me.com, let us tell you that it is an illegal website and if you are a citizen of India and the US and explore Movie4Me, you are likely to be punished. Yes, it is one of the thousands of websites, which has been banned by the US and India. You must be wondering why it got banned? The reason is quite simple, websites like Movie4Me leak all the movies released in the theatres or OTT platforms and owing to that producer of the film or series have to suffer a huge loss. Due to websites like Movie4Me.com, the box office collection of not only Bollywood but Tollywood or Hollywood movies are badly affected. There have been everlasting efforts made to curb piracy in India but looks like their efforts seem to have gone wasted. Yes, despite action taken against Movie4Me or other illegal sites, they still continue to leak all the movies with impunity. Movie4Me is one of the most notorious sites to offer copyrighted contents mainly movies, TV shows and web series before or hours after their release dates. That is the reason why still millions of people use it to download and watch movies for free. Movie4Me does not leave any opportunity to lure citizens making them download copyrighted contents by offering them each and every movie they come across with. Talking about its homepage, irrespective of language or genres, it has all the latest movies featured for illegal download. Besides providing a download link, Movie4Me.com provides a brief synopsis about the film and its run time. Movie4Me is surely a site, where you get all the latest HD movies within hours of their release. Unlike another website, it uploads Scam or theatre print on the release date of the film but a few days later it replaces it with the HD version. # How To Download The Movie4Me App? If you are not comfortable in downloading a movie from the desktop using Movie4Me App, then we have yet another option to do so. Besides Movie4Me.com website, the developers of the site had released its app, which is no longer available on Google Play Store. If you want to download Movie4Me app, you will have to take supports of some third-party sites. The app has been designed keeping in mind user experience and it has a very user-friendly structure. Movie4Me or Movie Rulz is a free movie downloading an app that serves millions of people. When it comes to its designing part, it is user-friendly. It is beautifully segregated in all the categories. Movie4Me is said to be undisputed kings when it comes to streaming or downloading Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Hindi and English movies, web series, TV shows, desi drama or documentaries. According to reports, Movie4Me app is available for Android and iOS, Smart TV and PC, so you can enjoy it on the favourite medium. It is to be noted that you can not download Movie rulz App from an official source such as Google Play Store before it is not legal. So you can download the application by using third-party sources on your phones such as Hindi Links 4u. While using this app make sure to use Wifi because it consumes a lot of internet data. Movie4Me is a free movie app to watch the contents without spending data and so that you do not have those annoying cuts that they happen when the connection speed is not very good. # Movie4Me App Features Before downloading Movie4Me Android app, it is quite important to know about its features. There is no doubt about some of its unique features but we would urge you to use some legal options such as Netflix, Hotstar, Amazon Prime Video and MX Player. We have listed down some of its features below, which you can have a look. • Using Movie4Me, you can watch and download your favourite video series for free. • The latest version of the app has fixed all the previous bugs making it smoother. • The App features some super fast servers which help a user to stream the videos at the very fast speed. • It is quite a simple user interface ensuring that users don’t find it complicated • The Movie4Me apk size is too small and it doesn’t consume a lot of your Smartphone ROM and the best thing is it works on almost every Android devices. Looking for apps to download movies or series online, you have come to the right location. If you would have thought that downloading movies from the mobile application was impossible, you were wrong. We have brought you Movie4Me app, which has thousands of Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi, Hindi and English HD movies, which you can download for free. If you really want to download all the latest movies, you can visit Movie4Me.com website at your own risk or download Movie4Me apk. Movie4Me is surely one of the best applications to watch Hindi movies and download Tamil movies for free. Besides movies or TV shows, Movie rulz app has an option allowing users to watch Live TV. It definitely has a wide catalogue of content in addition, divided into categories. It has personalization themes, views and most importantly, everything is in Latin. # How To Download Movies from Movie4Me Website? As we have told you at the beginning that it is a piracy website and using it for streaming or download purpose in India is a crime. However, if you still want to access the site and download movies, then you need to follow below steps to do so. • Firstly, you need to have a VPN downloaded on your mobile to bypass your restriction. • After installing the VPN app, open VPN Software and select an IP address of a country where Movie4Me.com is not banned. • Once you changed the IP address, you can visit Movie4Me.com. There you have thousands of movies and TV shows for free download. # Movie4Me New Links 2020 Similar to other torrent websites such as Tamilrockers, Movie4Me keeps changing its domain in order to not to get caught by the cybercrime. Changing the domain frequently reduces the chances of being caught by the cybersecurity. Movie4Me is one of the most notorious piracy websites, which lets users stream or download all the latest Tamil movies, English Dubbed Hindi, Malayalam Movies, Hindi Movies, Hollywood Movies, Hollywood Dual Audio Movies, Web Series, TV shows for free. The website has millions of monthly visitors. The main domain of Movie4Me had once blocked by the Indian government Anti piracy cell with the help of ISP internet service provider of India and Search Engine Portal functioning in India. # Best Movie4Me Alternatives: Download Latest HD Movies From Movie rulz 2020 If you did not find Movie4Me worthy to visit, you must have knowledge about the website which are better than Movie4Meor Movie Rulz. Keeping in mind user’s choice, we have brought you some of the best alternatives of Movie4Me, which will surely help you. The following Movie4Me alternatives have plenty of contents including Movies, TV shows, TV series, web series, desi drama or documentaries that can be downloaded and streamed online for free. The website we have mentioned below would not irritate you with their pop up ads. As per the analysis by Tubular Insights which stated that in 2020 comes around, 80% of the world’s internet traffic will be affected by online video streaming. Due to the increase in traffic then you are looking for Movie4Me alternative. Here are the lists. For the better user experience, we have rechecked all the below links which is working fine. Movie4Me is known for providing all the latest Movies, TV Shows, and videos but people who regularly visit the torrent website might have known that there are several domains of Movie4Me have been blocked. If the scenario is like that, so, how can we depend on a single domain Movie4Me.com? Looking at the importance of free movies downloading sites, we have shortlisted some of the best alternatives to Movie rulz. # What are the best legal alternatives for Movie rulz? There are several alternatives out there such as Tamilrockers, Tamilgun, Tamilyogi, Khatrimaza, Filmyhit, Movie4Me and others but all of them are illegal websites. Keeping in mind the dangers of illegal websites, we have enlisted some of the best and legal alternatives of Movie4Me. Nowadays, people are addicted to watch and download movies online and they can’t wait so many days for movies to come on TV or legal platforms. There are some legal websites or OTT platforms such as Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, Hotstar, MX Players and other offering all new movies and TV series within days of their official release. # What are the best Movie4Me Alternatives? Movie4Me is surely one of the most popular and visited piracy sites across the world. However, there have been people who did not like the site and might be busy searching for its alternatives. If you are one of those people, then do no worry, we have brought to you a list of best and free Movie4Me alternatives. Here are the best Movie4Me.com alternatives in 2020: • Tamilgun • Cinemavilla • Madrasrockers • Filmywap • Movie4Me • Movie4Me • Khatrimaza • Todaypk • Madrasrockers • Torrent • Wordfree4u • YTS (Yify) • Jio rockers • DVD Rockers • Filmyzilla • Downloadhub • 8XMoviess • Rdxhd • Mastihot • Ipagal • 9xmovies • Movie4Me • Downloadhub • 8XMovies, # Movie4Me Movies Categories Movie4Me leaks movies ranging from Bollywood, Hollywood, Tollywood and Pakistani movies. When you visit 4Movie4Me.com, you will see various categories that we have mentioned below. You can check out the categories of movies which Movie4Me leaks on its website: • Tamil Dubbed Movies • Tamil Mp3 Songs • Hollywood Dubbed Movies • Bollywood HD Trailers • Tamil Mobile Movies • Malayalam HD Wallpapers • Telugu HD Movies # What are the best legal alternatives to Movie4Me.com? After introducing to some of the best and illegal alternatives, we have brought to you a list of free and legal Movie4Me alternatives. The above-mentioned websites are great but they are illegal and could be banned at any time. Keeping in mind the dangers of illegal websites, we have enlisted some of the best and legal alternatives to Movie4Me. Take a look at the list of legal Movie4Me alternatives: • PopCornFlix • Sony Crunch • Netflix • Amazon Prime Video • Hotstar • Mx Player • Sony Liv • Ice movie • Movie4Me • GoMovies • Nitro • HDO • MovieNinja • Moviezwap • Movies4U • LookMovie • Movies # Movie4Me Website: Movie Rulz Latest HD Movies Download Site If you are looking for free movie download sites, you have come to the right place. We have got you covered everything about Movie4Me website, Movie Rulz or Movie4Me app, which are considered the best platform to download movies, TV shows, Series and drama in HD quality. Watching movies online or web series for free has always been a hot topic and people are tired of visiting fake movie downloading sites. Making your work easier, we have come up with the best and free movie downloading site and it is Movie Rulz, Movie4Me ms or Movie4Me Telugu. Movie4Me.com or Movie4Mez website used to provide Tamil movies to download but now they have extended their services and now offering Bollywood, Kollywood, Mollywood or Hollywood movies in all the formate (360p, 420p, 720p or 1080p). Apart from Movie4Me website, you can also download Tamil movies and Telugu movies from Movie Rulz Android app. Ever since Movie4Me was established, the website has been offering HD movies for free. As per the report, Movie4Me app was disappeared for some period of time due to its legality issue. Before delving into more about Movie4Me, let us tell you that, this is an illegal or kind of torrent website, which the Indian Government has banned. Tamil Movies Download Sites As we all know that nothing comes for free on the internet, Movie4Me might steal your personal information while using the website. As a respectful organisation, we would not suggest or recommend using Movie4Me website for streaming or downloading purpose. You must be feeling happy to get to know about free movie downloading site, Movierlz but illegal is illegal. If you ever caught using the torrent website, Indian Government has authorized to punish you as per the Anti piracy act. # Is it safe to watch movies on Movie4Me? No, watching, download, sharing, or uploading of Pirated Content is punishable by the law. Although, different countries have different laws regarding Piracy. In countries like India and USA, Piracy is illegal. The person found guilty will be warned, or in some cases, legal actions can also be taken against him/her. But the laws are not really strict for people watching/downloading the movies. It’s rare to see anyone getting arrested for downloading/streaming pirated movies online. Most of the arrests have been made for uploading the pirated content online. There are other things to worry about while watching movies on sites like Movie4Me. Sites like fmovies, 0123movies, Movie4Me earn money by placing ads on their websites. These ads, popups, and redirects can take you to sites containing malicious software, malware, adware, and various kinds of viruses. So, it is highly recommended to have a good Antivirus installed on your system before watching movies on such sites. I will advise you to install an Ad-Blocker and a VPN too to be on the safer side. # Is Movie4Me Banned In India? Movie4Me.com website is an illegal or kind of torrent site and visiting any illegal websites in India might land you in trouble. The Indian government had banned thousands of websites and Movie4Me.com Tamilrockers was one of them. # Why Movie4Me has become so popular? You might have visited dozens of free movies download websites, but have you ever visit Movie4Me.com? It might be an illegal site but it never breaks the trust of millions of users. The reason why it became quite popular among the masses is it provides all the movies in multiple formats ranging from 360p, 420p, 780p and 1080p. As per space, you have left in your device, you can opt to download the format. The website showcases how much size a particular format will take to get it downloaded. If you are downloading a movie from Movie4Me.com, opting for 420p or 300 MB size option will be highly recommended. If you are downloading any Tollywood or Hollywood movies, the size will provide you dual audio quality and subtitle making it easier for non-native language to watch the film with the flow. Doesn’t these options are worth to visit it on repeat? As soon as English or Hollywood movies release in India, Movie4Me does not take much time to upload movies Hindi version or Dubbed version on its websites since its millions of users do not know the English language. That could be the reason behind its soaring popularity among Indians. Movie4Me website is designed very well and has options to navigate each and every category of downloading all the movies. You would not find any difficulty while searching for Tamil Dubbed Movies, Hollywood Movies, Bollywood Movies, Movie4Me HD Movies and more. You might face some problem owing to pop up ads. Since piracy website offers download links for all HD movies within hours of their release date. Owing to fast update, Movie4Me has become the most beloved Hindi Movie Downloading site of the people. The website shows you whether the movie is in HD Quality, DVDrip, Bluray, and other low resolutions. You can also check the movie’s quality by streaming online before put it on download mode. # Why you should avoid Movie4Me to download movies? Well, the reason is quite obvious. As Movie4Me provides non-copyrighted content. Which means it shares movies link without the consent of the original owner of the content. Therefore, its domain is pirated or restricted in many countries along with India. Moreover, if you access any of these types of website it may harm your device. As they use third-party ads that contain corrupted files or malware that can damage your device. Accordingly, I would suggest staying away from these websites to secure your device as well as yourself from non-copyrighted content. # What are the legal options to download movies? Above we discussed that free of cost option can give us the opportunity to download movies without paying. But it also violates our government laws and also it is not safe for our devices as well. So what can be other options for downloading and enjoying the latest movies? Well, there are such legal options that allow you to download movies and shows of different languages. Options such as Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hotstar, SonyLiv and other such legal sites that are purely safe to access. However, these are all subscription-based websites but few also provide free content. It is better to spend some money on entertainment rather than getting corrupted files or malware in your device. # Three legal options to stream and download movies Netflix offers all the latest movies and shows of Hollywood and Bollywood. It has around a thousand tv shows and nearly 4000 movies to stream and download. Moreover, you do not have to pay at once, you will get a one-month free trial. Thereafter, you can continue watching while choosing one of the three streaming plans: basic, standard and premium. Each plan will offer you different features and limits to watch films and shows. SonyLiv is also one amazing option to stream videos online for free and premium based movies and shows. It features more than a dozen TV channels in India. The interface is quite clean and simple on the website. The paid content is clearly modified as Premium to help you find the free content. Moreover, the content is divided into trending, drama, Hindi, South Indian, Romantic, Comedy, etc. SonyLiv offers its premium plans at Rs.99/month and Rs.499/year to unlock more exciting content. Amazon Prime Video is a rival to Netflix and ranks second in the list of video streaming platforms in India. It is a much cheaper option compare to Netflix where the basic plan starts at the lowest cost of Rs 500. Whereas Amazon Prime Video offers a monthly subscription at only Rs.129. And a yearly subscription at the cost of Rs.999 along with free Amazon Prime deliveries on Amazon account. Talking about movies and shows, well it holds a strong collection of Hindi and English Tv shows and movies. Along with awesome storage of Bollywood and other Indian language movies. Name it Marathi, Bengali, Telugu, Punjabi, Tamil or else. It also produces home-grown content too. Such as The Man from High Castle, One Mississippi, Fleabag and others. You can stream shows such as Suits, The Mindy Project, Young Sheldon, and many more. # Here’s why you shouldn’t visit Movie4Me Tamilrockers If you are a citizen of India, you should know that we have a piracy law which restricts its citizen to use any illegal site for either for streaming or downloading purpose. Unfortunately, if you ever caught exploring any torrent sites including the above-mentioned site, the Indian government has authorized to punish you as per the piracy law. There are multiple laws in India against online piracy to save them from paying the hefty price. In India, the Copyright Act, 1957 protects all type of music, songs, and videos, literary and artistic work. The Stop Online Piracy Act (STOP) is also one such act that restricts access to sites that host pirated content. The prime aim behind the piracy law is to stop or crackdown on copyright infringement. # Is it legal to download movies from Movie4Me or Movie Rulz? No..Downloading or streaming movies from Movie4Me are completely illegal and if you still use the site, you might land in trouble. In fact, the MPAA or the Motion Picture Association of America said that such websites are considered a notorious website as they make all the latest movies available for Hd download. After Tamilrockers, Movie4Me is said to be the most notorious piracy website worldwide. As per the reports, the website had once recorded over 98 million users monthly, which is very high that has been designated as an illegal website. The website is reportedly developed in Vietnam. # How does Movie4Me work? Movie4Me is a free movie download website, which is being operated by a bunch of people from undisclosed locations. In order to make money or convert its millions of user into money, the owners of the website use different ads network. Notably, Movie4Me does not use Google AdSense ads becuase they promote piracy and that is against Google’s policy. # Is it safe to use Movie4Me? No.. It is not safe for a longer period of time. Movie4Me is a torrent website, which has been banned by the Indian government. Using any torrent website or piracy website in India is a crime. Besides some legal issue, if you use any illegal and pirate website, you may get some unusual malware or even viruses in your PC or mobile. There is a possibility that you may accidentally click on a specific link while using this website, which may cause malware to enter your PC. You can also take it to some websites that are not protected. Another thing is that Movie4Me can damage your mobile device or your computer. There is a possibility that you may experience that your device is running slow or even overheating when you use the Movie4Me website. The reason for this is that this website is using more ROM to be able to stream and get the videos you want to watch. And worst of all, the processor of your computer or mobile device may get damaged after a long time of using Movie4Me. # How to use Google Trick to Download Movie rulz Downloading movies or web series from Movie rulz is quite dangerous as it not legal in India. But, there are Google tricks making it easier for users to download all the latest HD movies or web series in HD quality. You might be thinking that downloading Movies from the torrent website is far difficult but you are wrong. In this article, we have brought you some tips for making your work easier. Without having to go to these websites, we could easily perform this task by applying a little Google trick. If you do not know, this Google trick is one of many that currently exist to activate a certain number of services. It is so easy, you could make a calculator, the translator, a unit converter and much more apparent. In order to make use of this other alternative, we must only use a small command line that is very easy to remember. # Final Words About Movie4Me So, that’s it for this post about Movie4Me. Piracy has been a major problem for the movie industry and sites like Movie4Me are one of the biggest producers of pirated content. Many awareness campaigns have been started to make people aware of this problem. People are getting more aware day by day and are refraining themselves from watching pirated content. If you have any questions in your mind then feel free to leave a comment below we will try to answer them asap. Stay tuned for more such informative posts. Thanks for reading. # Related Search Intant • Movie4Me • Movie4Me ds • Movie4Mez • #Movie4Me • Movie4Me website • Movie4Me apk • Movie4Me app • Movie4Me com • Movie4Me 2019 • #Movie4Mez • @Movie4Mez • Movie4Me hindi • Movie4Me for pc • Movie4Me india • Movie4Me story • Movie4Me problem • how to open Movie4Me • Movie4Me 2019 telugu • Movie4Me 2020 telugu • Movie4Me latest movie • Movie4Me telugu movies • Movie4Me hd movies telugu • latest telugu movies • Movie4Me telugu 2018 download • Movie4Me bollywood movies 2019 • Movie4Me 2020 • Movie4Me 2020 telugu • telugu movies 2020 • latest telugu movies 2020 • Movie4Me 2020 ms • install Movie4Me • telugu movies • install Movie4Me kodi • Movie4Me bollywood movies 2020 • Movie4Me online movies # Disclaimer: We The Live Mirror neither supports not promotes any piracy or torrent websites. We respect the Indian constitution and know how dangerous is downloading contents from pirated websites such as Movie4Me.com, Movie4Mems.com, Movie4Mepz.com, Movie4Memovies.com among others The content shown above is solely to provide our readers with the necessary information about the illegal a tivities. We do not intend to encourage our readers to use piracy or torrent websites. We urge our readers to stay away from such kinds of websites submitted by kcluqhto to rdxhde [link] [comments] 2020.09.20 06:04 kcluqhto Kuttymovies: Download Free Bollywood, Hollywood, Tollywood Movies Movies are the source of entertainment for all ages of people. Everyone loves downloading and streaming movies. There are people who can afford to watch and then there are others who cannot. If you are one of the above-mentioned people then this article is for you. To know more about the interesting options like Movie4Me to stream and download your favorite pick. Just stay tuned till the end. Due to the Coronavirus Pandemic entire world is in a state of panic, fear, uncertainty and chaos. Citizen of the world are currently practising self-isolation and trying to find a way to keep themselves entertained. Do you want to keep your boredom away? If yes, we have brought to you a website called ‘Movie4Me’ where you can watch and download all the latest movies in HD quality for free. There are millions of people are busy searching free movie download website on the web but only a few people know about Movie4Me. For the unversed, Movie4Me website is the second largest free movie download website after Tamilrockers. If you love watching movies irrespective of language or genres, kuttymovies would never disappoint you. Yes, Movie4Me is regarded as the undisputed king of not only movies but also TV shows, web series and desi drama. According to reports, Movie4Me website has over 30 million monthly active users. The website is mostly visited by Indian then followed by the United States, United Arab Emirates, Australia, Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom. To keep your lockdown entertained, we have decided to write an article about Movie4Me highlighting its benefits and drawbacks. Movie4Me website is nothing but a treasure of movies and TV shows and it is regarded as one of the most trusted and popular free movies download sites across the globe. If you are looking for free movie download sites then visiting Movie4Me.com is highly recommended. Unlike other movies downloading sites, Movie4Me has been functioning for years and that is the reason why it has millions of daily visitors. We all know that Movie4Me.com is not the only website out there but we can say that there is no website that can be trusted except Movie4Me when it comes to downloading movies for free. Since Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared 21-days nationwide lockdown, the traffic of Movie4Me has exponentially surged and it is likely to be increased further in the near future. There are various reasons why the traffic of Movie4Me has skyrocketed and one of them is cinema halls and theatres are remain closed throughout the country and people are not allowed to venture out from the house since April 15, 2020. # About Movie4Me Video Piracy has been on a rise in the last couple of years. When it comes to Video Piracy the one name that comes to everyone’s mind is Movie4Me. Movie4Me is an online movie-streaming website that is known for pirating the newly-released movies. Whether it is Hollywood, Bollywood, or Tollywood, you will find movies from all movie-industries on this website as soon as they release in the cinemas. As I have said that not every one of us can afford to go to the cinema or get a subscription to options like Netflix and other such. Movie4Me is a type of website that allows users to download and stream movies for free. You can stream and download movies in HD. It has all types of movies be it Hollywood, Bollywood, and south – Indian movies. It also has Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, and dubbed movies in Hindi. You may go through a particular genre if you want. Be it horror, action, thriller, documentary, sci-fi, crime, and comedy. Also, romantic, historic, family, 18+ movies, or any other type. Movie4Me provides every type of Hollywood, Tollywood, Bollywood, and Kollywood movies. Though, there is no doubt that it is free and you get all those favorite movies free of cost. But Movie4Me is a piracy website that offers content illegally. And because of the copyright issues. It is banned in most countries along with India. Movie4Me changes its domain name frequently to keep itself available. It operates websites through several different domains like Movie4Me.pc, Movie4Me. nz, Movie4Me. cm, Movie4Me. gd, Movie4Me. ac, Movie4Me. in, Movie4Me. com, Movie4Me. to, Movie4Me. tv, Movie4Me. hp, Movie4Me. Co. On Movie4Me you can find movies from various genres, release years, and quality. All the movies are sorted alphabetically for easy searching. A search bar is also provided to search for movies by their name. After finding the movie that you want to watch you can find its download links. You can also stream the movie online without having to download it. You can add subtitles, change quality, change the speed of the movie using the features provided in the players. Torrent download links are also provided. On the movie’s page, you can find the details about the movie like description, genre, star cast, country, release year, etc. What is Movie4Me? Before delving into deeper about Movie4Me.com, let us tell you that it is an illegal website and if you are a citizen of India and the US and explore Movie4Me, you are likely to be punished. Yes, it is one of the thousands of websites, which has been banned by the US and India. You must be wondering why it got banned? The reason is quite simple, websites like Movie4Me leak all the movies released in the theatres or OTT platforms and owing to that producer of the film or series have to suffer a huge loss. Due to websites like Movie4Me.com, the box office collection of not only Bollywood but Tollywood or Hollywood movies are badly affected. There have been everlasting efforts made to curb piracy in India but looks like their efforts seem to have gone wasted. Yes, despite action taken against Movie4Me or other illegal sites, they still continue to leak all the movies with impunity. Movie4Me is one of the most notorious sites to offer copyrighted contents mainly movies, TV shows and web series before or hours after their release dates. That is the reason why still millions of people use it to download and watch movies for free. Movie4Me does not leave any opportunity to lure citizens making them download copyrighted contents by offering them each and every movie they come across with. Talking about its homepage, irrespective of language or genres, it has all the latest movies featured for illegal download. Besides providing a download link, Movie4Me.com provides a brief synopsis about the film and its run time. Movie4Me is surely a site, where you get all the latest HD movies within hours of their release. Unlike another website, it uploads Scam or theatre print on the release date of the film but a few days later it replaces it with the HD version. # How To Download The Movie4Me App? If you are not comfortable in downloading a movie from the desktop using Movie4Me App, then we have yet another option to do so. Besides Movie4Me.com website, the developers of the site had released its app, which is no longer available on Google Play Store. If you want to download Movie4Me app, you will have to take supports of some third-party sites. The app has been designed keeping in mind user experience and it has a very user-friendly structure. Movie4Me or Movie Rulz is a free movie downloading an app that serves millions of people. When it comes to its designing part, it is user-friendly. It is beautifully segregated in all the categories. Movie4Me is said to be undisputed kings when it comes to streaming or downloading Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Hindi and English movies, web series, TV shows, desi drama or documentaries. According to reports, Movie4Me app is available for Android and iOS, Smart TV and PC, so you can enjoy it on the favourite medium. It is to be noted that you can not download Movie rulz App from an official source such as Google Play Store before it is not legal. So you can download the application by using third-party sources on your phones such as Hindi Links 4u. While using this app make sure to use Wifi because it consumes a lot of internet data. Movie4Me is a free movie app to watch the contents without spending data and so that you do not have those annoying cuts that they happen when the connection speed is not very good. # Movie4Me App Features Before downloading Movie4Me Android app, it is quite important to know about its features. There is no doubt about some of its unique features but we would urge you to use some legal options such as Netflix, Hotstar, Amazon Prime Video and MX Player. We have listed down some of its features below, which you can have a look. • Using Movie4Me, you can watch and download your favourite video series for free. • The latest version of the app has fixed all the previous bugs making it smoother. • The App features some super fast servers which help a user to stream the videos at the very fast speed. • It is quite a simple user interface ensuring that users don’t find it complicated • The Movie4Me apk size is too small and it doesn’t consume a lot of your Smartphone ROM and the best thing is it works on almost every Android devices. Looking for apps to download movies or series online, you have come to the right location. If you would have thought that downloading movies from the mobile application was impossible, you were wrong. We have brought you Movie4Me app, which has thousands of Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi, Hindi and English HD movies, which you can download for free. If you really want to download all the latest movies, you can visit Movie4Me.com website at your own risk or download Movie4Me apk. Movie4Me is surely one of the best applications to watch Hindi movies and download Tamil movies for free. Besides movies or TV shows, Movie rulz app has an option allowing users to watch Live TV. It definitely has a wide catalogue of content in addition, divided into categories. It has personalization themes, views and most importantly, everything is in Latin. # How To Download Movies from Movie4Me Website? As we have told you at the beginning that it is a piracy website and using it for streaming or download purpose in India is a crime. However, if you still want to access the site and download movies, then you need to follow below steps to do so. • Firstly, you need to have a VPN downloaded on your mobile to bypass your restriction. • After installing the VPN app, open VPN Software and select an IP address of a country where Movie4Me.com is not banned. • Once you changed the IP address, you can visit Movie4Me.com. There you have thousands of movies and TV shows for free download. # Movie4Me New Links 2020 Similar to other torrent websites such as Tamilrockers, Movie4Me keeps changing its domain in order to not to get caught by the cybercrime. Changing the domain frequently reduces the chances of being caught by the cybersecurity. Movie4Me is one of the most notorious piracy websites, which lets users stream or download all the latest Tamil movies, English Dubbed Hindi, Malayalam Movies, Hindi Movies, Hollywood Movies, Hollywood Dual Audio Movies, Web Series, TV shows for free. The website has millions of monthly visitors. The main domain of Movie4Me had once blocked by the Indian government Anti piracy cell with the help of ISP internet service provider of India and Search Engine Portal functioning in India. # Best Movie4Me Alternatives: Download Latest HD Movies From Movie rulz 2020 If you did not find Movie4Me worthy to visit, you must have knowledge about the website which are better than Movie4Meor Movie Rulz. Keeping in mind user’s choice, we have brought you some of the best alternatives of Movie4Me, which will surely help you. The following Movie4Me alternatives have plenty of contents including Movies, TV shows, TV series, web series, desi drama or documentaries that can be downloaded and streamed online for free. The website we have mentioned below would not irritate you with their pop up ads. As per the analysis by Tubular Insights which stated that in 2020 comes around, 80% of the world’s internet traffic will be affected by online video streaming. Due to the increase in traffic then you are looking for Movie4Me alternative. Here are the lists. For the better user experience, we have rechecked all the below links which is working fine. Movie4Me is known for providing all the latest Movies, TV Shows, and videos but people who regularly visit the torrent website might have known that there are several domains of Movie4Me have been blocked. If the scenario is like that, so, how can we depend on a single domain Movie4Me.com? Looking at the importance of free movies downloading sites, we have shortlisted some of the best alternatives to Movie rulz. # What are the best legal alternatives for Movie rulz? There are several alternatives out there such as Tamilrockers, Tamilgun, Tamilyogi, Khatrimaza, Filmyhit, Movie4Me and others but all of them are illegal websites. Keeping in mind the dangers of illegal websites, we have enlisted some of the best and legal alternatives of Movie4Me. Nowadays, people are addicted to watch and download movies online and they can’t wait so many days for movies to come on TV or legal platforms. There are some legal websites or OTT platforms such as Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, Hotstar, MX Players and other offering all new movies and TV series within days of their official release. # What are the best Movie4Me Alternatives? Movie4Me is surely one of the most popular and visited piracy sites across the world. However, there have been people who did not like the site and might be busy searching for its alternatives. If you are one of those people, then do no worry, we have brought to you a list of best and free Movie4Me alternatives. Here are the best Movie4Me.com alternatives in 2020: • Tamilgun • Cinemavilla • Madrasrockers • Filmywap • Movie4Me • Movie4Me • Khatrimaza • Todaypk • Madrasrockers • Torrent • Wordfree4u • YTS (Yify) • Jio rockers • DVD Rockers • Filmyzilla • Downloadhub • 8XMoviess • Rdxhd • Mastihot • Ipagal • 9xmovies • Movie4Me • Downloadhub • 8XMovies, # Movie4Me Movies Categories Movie4Me leaks movies ranging from Bollywood, Hollywood, Tollywood and Pakistani movies. When you visit 4Movie4Me.com, you will see various categories that we have mentioned below. You can check out the categories of movies which Movie4Me leaks on its website: • Tamil Dubbed Movies • Tamil Mp3 Songs • Hollywood Dubbed Movies • Bollywood HD Trailers • Tamil Mobile Movies • Malayalam HD Wallpapers • Telugu HD Movies # What are the best legal alternatives to Movie4Me.com? After introducing to some of the best and illegal alternatives, we have brought to you a list of free and legal Movie4Me alternatives. The above-mentioned websites are great but they are illegal and could be banned at any time. Keeping in mind the dangers of illegal websites, we have enlisted some of the best and legal alternatives to Movie4Me. Take a look at the list of legal Movie4Me alternatives: • PopCornFlix • Sony Crunch • Netflix • Amazon Prime Video • Hotstar • Mx Player • Sony Liv • Ice movie • Movie4Me • GoMovies • Nitro • HDO • MovieNinja • Moviezwap • Movies4U • LookMovie • Movies # Movie4Me Website: Movie Rulz Latest HD Movies Download Site If you are looking for free movie download sites, you have come to the right place. We have got you covered everything about Movie4Me website, Movie Rulz or Movie4Me app, which are considered the best platform to download movies, TV shows, Series and drama in HD quality. Watching movies online or web series for free has always been a hot topic and people are tired of visiting fake movie downloading sites. Making your work easier, we have come up with the best and free movie downloading site and it is Movie Rulz, Movie4Me ms or Movie4Me Telugu. Movie4Me.com or Movie4Mez website used to provide Tamil movies to download but now they have extended their services and now offering Bollywood, Kollywood, Mollywood or Hollywood movies in all the formate (360p, 420p, 720p or 1080p). Apart from Movie4Me website, you can also download Tamil movies and Telugu movies from Movie Rulz Android app. Ever since Movie4Me was established, the website has been offering HD movies for free. As per the report, Movie4Me app was disappeared for some period of time due to its legality issue. Before delving into more about Movie4Me, let us tell you that, this is an illegal or kind of torrent website, which the Indian Government has banned. Tamil Movies Download Sites As we all know that nothing comes for free on the internet, Movie4Me might steal your personal information while using the website. As a respectful organisation, we would not suggest or recommend using Movie4Me website for streaming or downloading purpose. You must be feeling happy to get to know about free movie downloading site, Movierlz but illegal is illegal. If you ever caught using the torrent website, Indian Government has authorized to punish you as per the Anti piracy act. # Is it safe to watch movies on Movie4Me? No, watching, download, sharing, or uploading of Pirated Content is punishable by the law. Although, different countries have different laws regarding Piracy. In countries like India and USA, Piracy is illegal. The person found guilty will be warned, or in some cases, legal actions can also be taken against him/her. But the laws are not really strict for people watching/downloading the movies. It’s rare to see anyone getting arrested for downloading/streaming pirated movies online. Most of the arrests have been made for uploading the pirated content online. There are other things to worry about while watching movies on sites like Movie4Me. Sites like fmovies, 0123movies, Movie4Me earn money by placing ads on their websites. These ads, popups, and redirects can take you to sites containing malicious software, malware, adware, and various kinds of viruses. So, it is highly recommended to have a good Antivirus installed on your system before watching movies on such sites. I will advise you to install an Ad-Blocker and a VPN too to be on the safer side. # Is Movie4Me Banned In India? Movie4Me.com website is an illegal or kind of torrent site and visiting any illegal websites in India might land you in trouble. The Indian government had banned thousands of websites and Movie4Me.com Tamilrockers was one of them. # Why Movie4Me has become so popular? You might have visited dozens of free movies download websites, but have you ever visit Movie4Me.com? It might be an illegal site but it never breaks the trust of millions of users. The reason why it became quite popular among the masses is it provides all the movies in multiple formats ranging from 360p, 420p, 780p and 1080p. As per space, you have left in your device, you can opt to download the format. The website showcases how much size a particular format will take to get it downloaded. If you are downloading a movie from Movie4Me.com, opting for 420p or 300 MB size option will be highly recommended. If you are downloading any Tollywood or Hollywood movies, the size will provide you dual audio quality and subtitle making it easier for non-native language to watch the film with the flow. Doesn’t these options are worth to visit it on repeat? As soon as English or Hollywood movies release in India, Movie4Me does not take much time to upload movies Hindi version or Dubbed version on its websites since its millions of users do not know the English language. That could be the reason behind its soaring popularity among Indians. Movie4Me website is designed very well and has options to navigate each and every category of downloading all the movies. You would not find any difficulty while searching for Tamil Dubbed Movies, Hollywood Movies, Bollywood Movies, Movie4Me HD Movies and more. You might face some problem owing to pop up ads. Since piracy website offers download links for all HD movies within hours of their release date. Owing to fast update, Movie4Me has become the most beloved Hindi Movie Downloading site of the people. The website shows you whether the movie is in HD Quality, DVDrip, Bluray, and other low resolutions. You can also check the movie’s quality by streaming online before put it on download mode. # Why you should avoid Movie4Me to download movies? Well, the reason is quite obvious. As Movie4Me provides non-copyrighted content. Which means it shares movies link without the consent of the original owner of the content. Therefore, its domain is pirated or restricted in many countries along with India. Moreover, if you access any of these types of website it may harm your device. As they use third-party ads that contain corrupted files or malware that can damage your device. Accordingly, I would suggest staying away from these websites to secure your device as well as yourself from non-copyrighted content. # What are the legal options to download movies? Above we discussed that free of cost option can give us the opportunity to download movies without paying. But it also violates our government laws and also it is not safe for our devices as well. So what can be other options for downloading and enjoying the latest movies? Well, there are such legal options that allow you to download movies and shows of different languages. Options such as Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hotstar, SonyLiv and other such legal sites that are purely safe to access. However, these are all subscription-based websites but few also provide free content. It is better to spend some money on entertainment rather than getting corrupted files or malware in your device. # Three legal options to stream and download movies Netflix offers all the latest movies and shows of Hollywood and Bollywood. It has around a thousand tv shows and nearly 4000 movies to stream and download. Moreover, you do not have to pay at once, you will get a one-month free trial. Thereafter, you can continue watching while choosing one of the three streaming plans: basic, standard and premium. Each plan will offer you different features and limits to watch films and shows. SonyLiv is also one amazing option to stream videos online for free and premium based movies and shows. It features more than a dozen TV channels in India. The interface is quite clean and simple on the website. The paid content is clearly modified as Premium to help you find the free content. Moreover, the content is divided into trending, drama, Hindi, South Indian, Romantic, Comedy, etc. SonyLiv offers its premium plans at Rs.99/month and Rs.499/year to unlock more exciting content. Amazon Prime Video is a rival to Netflix and ranks second in the list of video streaming platforms in India. It is a much cheaper option compare to Netflix where the basic plan starts at the lowest cost of Rs 500. Whereas Amazon Prime Video offers a monthly subscription at only Rs.129. And a yearly subscription at the cost of Rs.999 along with free Amazon Prime deliveries on Amazon account. Talking about movies and shows, well it holds a strong collection of Hindi and English Tv shows and movies. Along with awesome storage of Bollywood and other Indian language movies. Name it Marathi, Bengali, Telugu, Punjabi, Tamil or else. It also produces home-grown content too. Such as The Man from High Castle, One Mississippi, Fleabag and others. You can stream shows such as Suits, The Mindy Project, Young Sheldon, and many more. # Here’s why you shouldn’t visit Movie4Me Tamilrockers If you are a citizen of India, you should know that we have a piracy law which restricts its citizen to use any illegal site for either for streaming or downloading purpose. Unfortunately, if you ever caught exploring any torrent sites including the above-mentioned site, the Indian government has authorized to punish you as per the piracy law. There are multiple laws in India against online piracy to save them from paying the hefty price. In India, the Copyright Act, 1957 protects all type of music, songs, and videos, literary and artistic work. The Stop Online Piracy Act (STOP) is also one such act that restricts access to sites that host pirated content. The prime aim behind the piracy law is to stop or crackdown on copyright infringement. # Is it legal to download movies from Movie4Me or Movie Rulz? No..Downloading or streaming movies from Movie4Me are completely illegal and if you still use the site, you might land in trouble. In fact, the MPAA or the Motion Picture Association of America said that such websites are considered a notorious website as they make all the latest movies available for Hd download. After Tamilrockers, Movie4Me is said to be the most notorious piracy website worldwide. As per the reports, the website had once recorded over 98 million users monthly, which is very high that has been designated as an illegal website. The website is reportedly developed in Vietnam. # How does Movie4Me work? Movie4Me is a free movie download website, which is being operated by a bunch of people from undisclosed locations. In order to make money or convert its millions of user into money, the owners of the website use different ads network. Notably, Movie4Me does not use Google AdSense ads becuase they promote piracy and that is against Google’s policy. # Is it safe to use Movie4Me? No.. It is not safe for a longer period of time. Movie4Me is a torrent website, which has been banned by the Indian government. Using any torrent website or piracy website in India is a crime. Besides some legal issue, if you use any illegal and pirate website, you may get some unusual malware or even viruses in your PC or mobile. There is a possibility that you may accidentally click on a specific link while using this website, which may cause malware to enter your PC. You can also take it to some websites that are not protected. Another thing is that Movie4Me can damage your mobile device or your computer. There is a possibility that you may experience that your device is running slow or even overheating when you use the Movie4Me website. The reason for this is that this website is using more ROM to be able to stream and get the videos you want to watch. And worst of all, the processor of your computer or mobile device may get damaged after a long time of using Movie4Me. # How to use Google Trick to Download Movie rulz Downloading movies or web series from Movie rulz is quite dangerous as it not legal in India. But, there are Google tricks making it easier for users to download all the latest HD movies or web series in HD quality. You might be thinking that downloading Movies from the torrent website is far difficult but you are wrong. In this article, we have brought you some tips for making your work easier. Without having to go to these websites, we could easily perform this task by applying a little Google trick. If you do not know, this Google trick is one of many that currently exist to activate a certain number of services. It is so easy, you could make a calculator, the translator, a unit converter and much more apparent. In order to make use of this other alternative, we must only use a small command line that is very easy to remember. # Final Words About Movie4Me So, that’s it for this post about Movie4Me. Piracy has been a major problem for the movie industry and sites like Movie4Me are one of the biggest producers of pirated content. Many awareness campaigns have been started to make people aware of this problem. People are getting more aware day by day and are refraining themselves from watching pirated content. If you have any questions in your mind then feel free to leave a comment below we will try to answer them asap. Stay tuned for more such informative posts. Thanks for reading. # Related Search Intant • Movie4Me • Movie4Me ds • Movie4Mez • #Movie4Me • Movie4Me website • Movie4Me apk • Movie4Me app • Movie4Me com • Movie4Me 2019 • #Movie4Mez • @Movie4Mez • Movie4Me hindi • Movie4Me for pc • Movie4Me india • Movie4Me story • Movie4Me problem • how to open Movie4Me • Movie4Me 2019 telugu • Movie4Me 2020 telugu • Movie4Me latest movie • Movie4Me telugu movies • Movie4Me hd movies telugu • latest telugu movies • Movie4Me telugu 2018 download • Movie4Me bollywood movies 2019 • Movie4Me 2020 • Movie4Me 2020 telugu • telugu movies 2020 • latest telugu movies 2020 • Movie4Me 2020 ms • install Movie4Me • telugu movies • install Movie4Me kodi • Movie4Me bollywood movies 2020 • Movie4Me online movies # Disclaimer: We The Live Mirror neither supports not promotes any piracy or torrent websites. We respect the Indian constitution and know how dangerous is downloading contents from pirated websites such as Movie4Me.com, Movie4Mems.com, Movie4Mepz.com, Movie4Memovies.com among others The content shown above is solely to provide our readers with the necessary information about the illegal a tivities. We do not intend to encourage our readers to use piracy or torrent websites. We urge our readers to stay away from such kinds of websites submitted by kcluqhto to kuttymoviesd [link] [comments] 2020.09.13 21:09 StevenStevens43 Learn Albannach. Learn your history  Albion: According to legend, Brutus became the first King of Britain in the year 1112 BC, and he settles in a city on the banks of the River Thames which would later become known as Trinovantum, and even later, London. Historia regum britannia Brutus then founds a city on the banks of the River Thames, which he calls Troia Nova, or New Troy. The name is in time corrupted to Trinovantum, and the city is later called London.[13] He creates laws for his people and rules for twenty-four years. After his death he is buried in Trinovantum, and the island is divided between his three sons: Locrinus (England), Albanactus (Scotland) and Kamber (Wales). Link for photo Albania flag Albion: Now, you may wonder why i am waving the Albanian flag, to depict the Island of Britain. Should i not be waving the Union jack? Well no, because at it's roots, the island of Britain was originally named Albion, which derives from the etymological Gaelic root word "Albio", and Albania, derives from the exact same root word. You see, when the Greeks Latinised the word to Albion, and we think this means that the name Albion, comes from the Greeks, and therefore that means the belief that there is no earlier reference available for the island of Britain being referred to as Albion, and thus everything before this Greek attestation must be purely mythological, is completely wrong, and misunderstanding the evolution of language. Quite simply, the Greeks got the the word Albion, from the already existing Gaelic word, "Albio". All the Greeks done was Latinise the word, to better suit their dialect, and writing system. Simple as that. Etymology The oldest attestation of the toponym comes from the Greek language (Ἀλβίων)[6] and Latinised as Albiōn (genitive Albionis), derives from the Proto-Celtic nasal stem \Albi̯iū* (oblique \Albiion-) and survived in Old Irish as *Albu (genitive Albann). The name originally referred to Britain as a whole, but was later restricted to Caledonia (giving the modern Scottish Gaelic name for Scotland, Alba). The root *albiio- is also found in Gaulish and Galatian albio- ("world") and Welsh elfydd (elbid, "earth, world, land, country, district"). It may be related to other European and Mediterranean toponyms such as Alpes, Albania Link for photo Albio The Alan family: Now, take a moment to go and read my article on the Alan family, and you might find out just how influential and widespread the royal family were. At a stretch, the Alans may have even sat on the Egyptian throne for a short period around the 500's BC. Now, in the legends of Brutus of Troy, Brutus even claims to be an "Alan". What actually appears to be happening here, is that Albio' and his sons, Locrinus, Albanactus, and Kamber, are being Latinised to, Brutus, Francus, Alamanus and Romanus. The Romans are simply re-writing Albino history in to their own language, and this is leading to confusion. Historia Britonnum Yet another Brutus, son of Hisicion, son of Alanus the first European, also traced back across many generations to Japheth, is referred to in the Historia Brittonum. This Brutus's brothers were Francus, Alamanus and Romanus, also ancestors of significant European nations.[10] Japheth: Now, according to the Romans, Brutus was descended from Japeth. But in actual fact, this is inaccurate. Albio, was actually the grandson, of Aeneas. Historia Britonnum [1] A more detailed story, set before the foundation of Rome, follows, in which Brutus is the grandson or great grandson of Aeneas Alba longa: In reality, Albios bloodline, and name, would be more consistant with the terms Alba, and Aeneas, which would simply have been a Gaelic dialectual deviant of the word Alanus, prior to the Messenian Roman invasion in the 600's BC, when Alba-Longa became Rome, and Albio became Brutus. Alba longa Alba Longa (occasionally written Albalonga in Italian sources) was an ancient Latin) city in Central Italy, 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Rome, in the Alban Hills. Founder and head of the Latin League, it was destroyed by the Roman Kingdom around the middle of the 7th century BC, and its inhabitants were forced to settle in Rome. In legend, Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome, had come from the royal dynasty of Alba Longa, which in Virgil's Aeneid had been the bloodline of Aeneas, Link for photo Alba longa Cambria: Now, according to legend, "Albio" gave Cambria/Cymru (Wales) to his son Camber. Camber) Camber, also Kamber, was the legendary first king of Cambria, according to the Geoffrey of Monmouth in the first part of his influential 12th-century pseudohistory Historia Regum Britanniae. According to Geoffrey, Cambria, the classical name for Wales, was named for him. Link for photo.svg) Cambria Cimmerians: Now, what evidence do we have for a Gaelic root word for Wales pre-dating any Roman attestations? Well, we have Cimmerians out fighting a war in the near east around 1000 BC. And likely led by an Alan. Coincidentally their red dot distribution leads directly to Alba longa. Cimmerians The Cimmerians (also Kimmerians; Greek: Κιμμέριοι, Kimmérioi) were a nomadic Indo-European people, who appeared about 1000 BC[1] and are mentioned later in 8th century BC in Assyrian records. While the Cimmerians were often described by contemporaries as culturally "Scythian", they evidently differed ethnically from the Scythians proper, who also displaced and replaced the Cimmerians.[2] Link for photo Cimmerian distribution Welsh: Now, the scholarly understanding that the word Cimmerian, is in fact Brythonic, is now quite contemporary. It is also very likely that this particular Brythonic dialect relates more to the Welsh branch. Legacy The etymology of Cymro "Welshman" (plural: Cymry), connected to the Cimmerians by 17th-century Celticists, is now accepted by Celtic linguists as being derived from a Brythonic word *kom-brogos, meaning "compatriot".[21] Albannach: However, again, confusion sets in here, as Brythonic is actually Latinised. In actual fact, the language was "not" Brythonic, it was "Albannach". And as we have already established, either on this article, or previous, Alba once pertained to the entire Island of Albion, which we now call Britain, after the Roman invasion and the erection of Hadrians wall, when Alba got pushed North, to be replaced by this "Br". Albannach) Albannach, Scottish Gaelic for "Scottish," Link for photo#/media/File:Albannach_live.JPG) Albannach Albanactus: And, this brings me to Albanactus. The supposed youngest son of "Albio". Albanactus supposedly inherited from Albio, the land North of the Humber, which they named Albany. In addition to this, you will also find that Humber is the river that flows between the North sea, and Irish sea, and even today, the land North of the Humber, and South of the Humber, is pretty much 100% disconnected by rivers and streams. To find out what the old border between England and Scotland was, simply click on the link i provide, zoom in, and follow the water. There are however hundreds of streams. Do you remember that game "maze" when you get a pencil and try to find your way out? Well, you can do this on google maps, and find the stream that connects the irish sea to the North sea in Yorkshire. Once you have found it. Please then go to the Severn river, and find out the old border between Loegria and Camber, by finding the Stream which connects the severn, to the Irish sea. Albanactus Albanactus, according to Geoffrey of Monmouth, was the founding king of Albania or Albany. He is in effect Geoffrey's eponym for Scotland.[1] His territory was that north of the River Humber.[2] Link for google maps Now, what evidence do we have for ancient Albanians? Well, we have the Scoloti, who were led by the Alans, and united themselves with the Cimmerians, in Scythia, whilst out in the near east. Scythians .[10][13] Based in what is modern-day Ukraine and southern Russia, the Scythians called themselves Scoloti and were led by a nomadic warrior aristocracy known as the Royal Scythians. In the 7th century BC, the Scythians crossed the Caucasus and frequently raided the Middle East along with the Cimmerians, playing an important role in the political developments of the region.[10][ Link for photo Alba flag Locrinus: Now, Locrinus was another son of Albio, and was given the land of Loegria (England). However, a little lie is told here. In actual fact, the land he was awarded, was nothing like the equivalent of todays "England". He was awarded the land south of East riding of Yorkshire, and the Lake district. Locrinus Locrinus was a legendary king of the Britons), as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the oldest son of Brutus and a descendant of the Trojans through Aeneas. Following Brutus's death, Britain was divided amongst the three sons, with Locrinus receiving the portion roughly equivalent to England, Link for photo English flag Isle of Cornwall: Now, if you go google maps, you will find that Cornwall, is actually 100% seperated from British mainland, by rivers and streams, running between River Fowey, flowing out in to the Channel, and the River Gannel, flowing out in to the Irish sea. Google maps Queen Gwendolen: Now this explains why Queen Gwendolen found herself fighting Loegria, from this tiny little Isle she was patronised with. Queen Gwendolen, also known as Gwendolin, or Gwendolyn (Latin: Guendoloēna) was a legendary ruler of ancient Britain. She is said to have been queen during the 11th century BC. As told by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his pseudohistorical account Historia Regum Britanniae, she was the repudiated queen of King Locrinus until she defeated her husband in battle at the River Stour. This river was the dividing line between Cornwall and Loegria, two key locations in ancient Britain. After defeating the king, she took on the leadership of the Britons, becoming their first queen regnant. Link for photo Flag of cornwall Corineus: Now, Albio awarded Corineus with the land of Cornwall. Though, Corineus was not one of his relations. It would appear Corineus was getting palmed off. Corineus Corineus, in medieval British legend, was a prodigious warrior, a fighter of giants, and the eponymous founder of Cornwall. Link for photo Corineus Doggerland: So what does it all mean? Well, it probably means that in actual fact, the Scottish, English, Welsh, divide actually pre-dates Hadrians wall and Offas dyke, and actually has boundaries drawn from nature, and the Island of Albion has always been inhabited by peoples that agree they share the same island, but remain slightly autonomous, due to slight natural differences. It also means that it is likely that the Roman-Brit, pre-dates the half cast Romano-Brit left by the Romans in the southern lands, and actually the Southern lands from the Humber down, were always quite highly influenced by a Romano-Brit, that was probably more of a Messian-Albino, back then. At least before an Alan invasion of Aryans from Scandinavian descent in around 1112 BC, when Messian-Albinos likely got pushed to cornwall. This would be due to the fact that Britain used to be connected with Eurasia, before doggerland sank in 6,500 BC, and therefore, before a "White" invasion, Britain would have probably been a little more Eaurasian. Doggerland Doggerland was an area of land, now submerged beneath the southern North Sea, that connected Britain to continental Europe. It was flooded by rising sea levels around 6500–6200 BC. Link for photo Doggerland White: And, like it or not, the word "Albion", does mean white. Which would strongly suggest that the Alans were "White". Etymology the Proto-Indo-European root \albho-*, meaning "white" (cf. Ancient Greek ἀλφός, Latin albus ). Alba Albania: I will bring this article now, to a close, by reminding everyone about the Alba Albanian flag ​ Alba Albanian flag submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments] 2020.09.10 02:37 JaimieMcEvoy Quick Guide to Research in Alsace I posted this in response to a question, and thought it deserved its own post. If you have an interest in doing research for Alsace, I suggest sooner rather than later, as the two departments, Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin, are going to be combined into the European Collectivity of Alsace on 1 January 2020. It's possible that there might be disruption of the archives and their websites. Quick Guide to Research – Department of Bas-Rhin, France (Department of Haut-Rhin is below, but read through this section as well, as much of the same still applies). In France, genealogical records are kept in the department archives. Think of departments as something like a local state or province. There are 96 departments in European France, plus five overseas departments. Alsace is currently divided into two departments. Bas-Rhin in the north (referring to the lower Rhine River). Haut-Rhin in the south. Note that on 1 January 2021, the two departments will be combined into the European Collectivity of Alsace. I don’t have any information on what will happen then with the two departmental archives and their websites. Vital records and census records in France are kept in each departmental archive. Sometimes a department archive will have other genealogical records, sometimes things like military, hospital, criminal, notarial or education records. These are typically not online, and you will have to inquire directly as to which records are available, and request copies. The records in the archives are organized by commune, which can be a city, town or village. These records are recorded by the commune originally, so you will need to know your communes of interest. The Archives départementales du Bas-Rhin has an excellent online website for genealogy: http://archives.bas-rhin.f To see the site in English, just right click on any web page to bring up a pop up menu, then select “Translate to English.” On the front page you will see some links. REGISTRES/REGISTERS Registres paroissiaux et docoments d’état civil. Parish registers and state civil records. This will take you to the Adeloch application. Simply enter the name of your commune to see which records are available: http://archives.bas-rhin.fregistres-paroissiaux-et-documents-d-etat-civil/ You will see boxes at the bottom for two types of records: Registres parroissiaux (avant 1789). Parish registers (before 1789), Roman Catholic. Tables décennales. Decade tables. These were indexes that were made every ten years, and you may wish to start with these, then go to the parish or civil registers. Registres d’état civil. Civil registers. The archives also holds the records for Lutheran churches and Jewish congregations. Here is a table of the religious records held, alphabetically by commune: http://archives.bas-rhin.fmedia/96780/2G0Tabledesparoissesdef.pdf You will see in each category what looks like little books. It will start with the tables, think of them as indexes. TD = Tables des décès = Tables of deaths. TN = Tables des naissances = Tables of births. TM = Tables des mariages = Tables of marriages. Move along the timeline to get to the actual parish registers. N = Registre des naissances = Register of births. If you click on a record, conditions of use will pop up. Just click on the bottom, “Accepter” to accept. PM = Registre de publication de mariages = Register of publication of marriages, what we call in English banns of marriage, or announcements made before the marriage. M = Registre de marriage = Register of marriages, the actual marriage records. D = Registre de décès = Register of deaths. If a book is ghosted and says “En deficit” when you hover over it, it means the book is lost, destroyed, or does not exist. A quick note about the French Republican Calendar. You will see things like “An X.” That means, “Year Ten.” From late 1793 to 1805, (and for 18 days in Paris in 1871 during the Paris Commune revolt) France changed its calendar. Year 1 is the official first year of the Republic. Not only the years, but days, weeks and months were all changed. Officially taking over with Year One from the old calendar on 22 September 1792, the calendar was not actually adopted until 1793. Republican Calendar had 12 months. Each month divided into three weeks of ten days each, each week called a décade. Five or six extra days, called complementery days, were simply added at the end of the year to match the solar year. You can look up French Republican Calendar on Wikipedia to learn more, but this is all you need to know to understand the records. There is also a list of months, and what dates they roughly correspond to the common Gregorian calendar, as well as the names of the ten days of the week. Weeks as we know them returned to use in 1802, and the months and years returned to the use of the Gregorian calendar at the end of 1805. There is also a rough conversion table for the years in the Wikipedia article. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Republican_calendar RECENSEMENTS DE POPULATION/CENSUS RECORDS This will take you to the Ellenbach application. When you click, it opens a search page where you enter your commune of interest. It is here: http://archives.bas-rhin.frecensements-population/ These are not indexed, but most communes are small. You will have to read through a census to find your people. OTHER INFO If you ever actually go to the departmental archives, be aware that the staff only speak French, with perhaps a tiny bit of English. You would be best to make your inquiries from afar first to understand what records exist and get copies that way. I advise against sending a letter or email in English, as there may be no one who could read it on the other end. Google Translate is your friend if you can not write in French, just make one of the first sentences "Apologies that I can not write in French, this is translated using Google Translate." That will help the reader avoid confusion and understand if they see irregularities, and your effort will be appreciated. But ultimately, you may wish to travel and see original documents. Sometimes that is allowed and sometimes not, so find out what originals you can view before visiting. I found the staff friendly and helpful, and proud of the online offerings they have created, but not necessarily realizing what other records might be of interest to a genealogist. Please also note that facilities may be closed or restricted due to the pandemic. And if you only have two weeks of vacation, and have to quarantine for two weeks when you arrive in France…well, now is a more important time than ever to be an informed traveller. Here is the Bas-Rhin departmental archives advice page for genealogists. Remember to right-click on the page and select, “Translate to English”: http://archives.bas-rhin.fgenealogiste/ Facebook group, Alsace and Lorraine Genealogy: https://www.facebook.com/groups/alsace.genealogy The French Genealogy Blog, in my opinion the best blog about genealogy research in France. Here is the entry on The Peculiarities of Alsace for Genealogists: https://french-genealogy.typepad.com/genealogie/2009/06/alsace-genealogy.html Cercle Genealogique d’Alsace, Genealogical Circle of Alsace, a genealogy society. http://www.alsace-genealogie.com/ Familles d’Alsace du Nord (FAN) Généalogie, a genealogy society. http://fan-genealogie.org/ German letters: http://fan-genealogie.org/index.php/allemand-francais-latin-gothique FamilySearch Wiki for Bas-Rhin: https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Bas-Rhin,_France_Genealogy German Genealogical Word List: https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/German_Genealogical_Word_List French Genealogical Word List: https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/French_Genealogical_Word_List List of communes of Bas-Rhin: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communes_of_the_Bas-Rhin_department Note that the name of communes may have been spelled differently during the German period of 1871-1918, when commune names were changed by the German government. For example, Climbach became Klimbach. Search for a commune on French Wikipedia, and it will also show you the Germanized name from that period. https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=100&placeId=82342&query=%2Bplace%3A%22France%2C%20Bas-Rhin%22 Finally, I will add that many communes have a history book. Contact their commune administrations to find out if they have one. Note that they will be in French. French Wikipedia: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikip%C3%A9dia:Accueil_principal Note that French Wikipedia is NOT just a translation of English Wikipedia, and will have longer entries on any topic to do with France. Most communes will have an entry. You can then use the “Translate to English” to get a translation (which are not always perfect, but close). Each commune has a coat of arms, which is usually depicted on its Wikipedia page. Jaimie McEvoy 9 September 2020 ADDITION – Haut-Rhin Research Have a read about Bas-Rhin, above, much of which also applies to Haut-Rhin. List of communes of Haut-Rhin: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communes_of_the_Haut-Rhin_department Department of Haut-Rhin archives: http://www.archives.haut-rhin.fsearch/home Parish and civil registers: http://www.archives.haut-rhin.fsearch?preset=44&view=list The departmental archives of Haut-Rhin does have parish and civil registers online, as per link above. The only France census online for Haut-Rhin is for 1866, the last census before the German annexation from 1871 to 1918. If you want to see other census records, you will have to inquire to the Haut-Rhin departmental archives directly, and sometimes a commune will have their own copy still and might be willing to have a look. If you ever contact a commune, note that there is sometimes zero capacity to deal with written English, so use Google Translate if you don't know the language. FamilySearch Wiki for Haut-Rhin: https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Haut-Rhin,_France_Genealogy FamilySearch catalogue for Haut-Rhin: https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=100&placeId=90407&query=%2Bplace%3A%22France%2C%20Haut-Rhin%22&subjectsOpen=526849-50,554163-50 Jaimie McEvoy 9 September 2020 submitted by JaimieMcEvoy to Genealogy [link] [comments] 2020.09.06 16:18 CesarRomeroAr What is Google Crowdsource?  Google Crowdsource, also known as Crowdsource, Crowdsource by Google, Community Collaboration and Contributor by Google, is a crowdsourcing platform developed by Google and aimed at improving many of its services through the training of Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms, with the help of volunteer users. This training, which Google points out as micro-tasks that should take no more than 5-10 seconds to complete, allows the AI to learn new skills and study a large amount of information that enhances its ability to be implemented in the various tools that the company offers (Google Translate, Maps, Fotos, Assistant, among other). ​ https://preview.redd.it/0x9tu15jojl51.png?width=512&format=png&auto=webp&s=51f1cc5cdb589325042aa8e5c17b25aeef55ccce Crowdsource was developed and launched for the Android operating system in the official Google Play store, as well as in its web version, on August 29, 2016. This platform includes several short tasks that users can complete in order to sophisticate and enhance many of Google's services. These tasks include image tag verification, comment feeling evaluation and translation validation among other tasks. By completing these tasks, users provide Google with valuable data for algorithm training and service improvement. As users complete tasks, they earn achievements and recognitions that include statistics, credentials and certificates, as well as differentiated tracking of their progress by task in a User World Scoreboard (participation in this scoreboard is optional). Tasks At launch, the Crowdsource application presented users with 5 different tasks: image transcription, handwriting recognition, translation, translation validation and map translation validation. The latest version of the application includes 7 tasks in its mobile version and 8 in its web version. The mobile mode of the project includes the following functions: Smart Camera: It consists of a smart camera that detects objects and provides an overview of them. The user then has to tell the function whether the description given is correct or not. Verification of image labels: The user must indicate if the label presented to him can be the one indicated or not for the photograph that is perceived in a random way in the chosen category. Sentimental analysis: It presents the user with various reviews and comments so that he can classify them according to his opinion as "positive", "neutral" or "negative". Also, as an alternative, the user can skip a question if they are not sure and move on to the next one. These reviews by Crowdsource users help a variety of recommendation-based technologies that Google uses on platforms such as Google Maps, Google Play Store and YouTube. Handwriting recognition: Handwriting recognition involves users reading handwritten words and transcribing them into text. As explained by Google, completing this task helps improve the handwriting feature of the Google Keyboard. Translation and Validation of translations: Translation-related tasks (translation and translation validation) are only shown to users who have selected more than one language in which they are fluent. While map translation validation is no longer a task in Crowdsource, users can still complete translation and translation validation tasks. Translation presents the user with one of the languages in which they are fluent, and asks them to translate it into another language in which they are also fluent. Translation validation presents users with a list of translations submitted by other users, and asks them to categorize them as correct or incorrect. Both tasks help improve the translation capabilities of Google, especially in Google Translate, and any other Google application that has translated content, including Google Maps. Image capture: This function allows you to take photos or upload them from the gallery and share them in open source for free use on the Internet with precise tags describing the content of the photo. Google Crowdsource - Mobile Version The web mode in turn provides the following functions: Verification of image labels: Same function as in the mobile version. VIEW! Image legend: Allows you to validate or invalidate image captions that may be linked to the photograph being displayed. VIEW! Handwriting recognition: Same function as in the mobile version. VIEW! Reference points: This function allows you to indicate whether the reference point indicated corresponds to the image presented. This task is designed to help ensure that businesses and landmarks are recognisable on applications such as Google Maps, Google Street View, etc. VIEW! Facial expressions: It allows you to analyze human face expressions in YouTube videos and then tell the application what kind of expression is detected. VIEW! Translation and Translation Validation: Same function as in the mobile version. Assistance Tutor: It allows you to show the Google virtual assistant how people could speak to you in your language. Google Crowdsource - Web Version Achievements Crowdsource has a "Achievements" section that shows the Statistics and Badges that the user gets by completing various tasks. Among these, the level at which the user is according to his contribution flow stands out. These range from Level 1 to Level 18. Recently, a League Table was added that shows the progress of partners worldwide in each of the application's functions. VIEW! Statistics Crowdsource tracks the total user contributions to the project and displays them on a counter, as well as metrics that provide a balance of responses in line with overall community responses synthesized in a section called "Votes in favour" and "Accuracy" that shows the degree of accuracy or validity of user responses. Badges As users complete tasks, they also receive Badges. There are badges for each type of task, which denote progress through that particular task (such as translation validation), as well as badges for other milestones, such as completing a given task through a notification. Languages Crowdsource is currently available in the following languages: Afrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Assamese, Azerbaijani, Bahasa (Indonesia), Bahasa (Malay), Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Cantonese, Burmese, Catalan, Cebuano, Cherokee, Chichewa, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), Corsican, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Dzongkha, English, Estonian, Esperanto, Finnish, French, French (Canada), Frisian, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Gujarati, Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Hindi, Hmong, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Khmer, Kinyarawanda, Korean, Kurdish (Kurmanji), Kurdish (Sorani), Kirghiz, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malagasy, Malayalam, Maltese, Maori, Marathi, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Oriya, Pashto, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Punjabi, Romanian, Romansh, Russian, Samoan, Scots Gaelic, Serbian (Cyrillic script), Serrano, Sesotho, Shona, Sicilian, Sindhi, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Somali, Spanish, Sundanese, Swahili, Swedish, Tajik, Tamazight, Tagalog/Filipino, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Welsh, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba and Zulu. Data Much of the images donated by users have been compacted by Google and made available to the general public for access and download from the Crowdsource by Google and Open Images Dataset platforms. To date, the platforms have approximately 90 GB of 478,000 images distributed in sets of 10 x 8.80 GB for easy downloading. Community and project blog Recently the project team launched two pages, one for the Crowdsource Community where they present stories and experiences of users and influencers of the same, and finally a blog in development which will provide updates and news related to the world Crowdsource. Technical data, content and privacy policies - The application requires for its installation Android 4.3 and later versions. - Application size: 44 Megabyte.- Mobile data usage: VIEW! - How does Google use my answers? VIEW! - What are the content policies of the project? VIEW! - What are Google's Privacy Policies? VIEW! - Frequently Asked Questions: VIEW! ​ More information about the project: About Crowdsource by Google If you want to know more about Google's Artificial Intelligence, you can follow the industry blog and get to know this technology: AI Google Blog! submitted by CesarRomeroAr to u/CesarRomeroAr [link] [comments] 2020.09.02 16:35 intellectualgulf The theory that Christianity aids the advancement of Science and Technology is wrong. Now at least one rational response will show up in Google results. It is absolutely absurd that until today, 20200902, if you searched for the phrase "christian damage to human knowledge", you would have found no results. This is utterly ridiculous to anyone remotely familiar with history. Unfortunately if you search for the phrase "christianity and the advancement of technology" or just "christianity and technology" you get results by a new cult of Christianity professing the incorrect thesis that claims, "Christianity “The Historical Roots of Our Ecologic Crisis,” (1967) ". https://science.sciencemag.org/content/155/3767/1203. I will prove the thesis wrong using a single historical fact to begin with, but there are so many that I will just keep adding to the list until someone gives me a doctorate for this. Trying to claim "Christianity is beneficial to technology and science" is so incredibly inaccurate I can't begin to describe the magnitude of the error. I can call this branch of nutters a Cult because they are actively trying to alter history in a very dangerous way. The Catholic / Christian churches and nearly every branch ultimately promote misinformation and lies, with this ridiculous theory being the biggest turd so far. The claim by White is, "the emergence in widespread practice of the Baconian creed, that scientific knowledge means technological power over nature can scarcely be dated before 1850". Well that isn't how logic or history work at all. Firstly, just because the scientific method had not been described by Sir Francis Bacon until the 1650's does not mean in any shape or form that the methods were not being applied beforehand. This would be like claiming gravity did not exist before Newton described it, which clearly is not how the physical world operates. Unfortunately the best summation of White's Thesis, found in the "Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature", seems to be the origin for the idea that White was proposing a link between Christianity and technology: Had White shown that religion was a cause of technological development It seems White's paper and later evaluations within "Christian Scholarly circles" is what led to this absurd attempt to whitewash history. Really everyone should stop here, as the theory has already proven itself false in basic premise. Let's go ahead and prove it wrong though before the overwhelming amount of bullshit being spewed overwhelms actual historical fact. To do this, let's look at one of my favorite historical figures, Archimedes of Syracuse (/ˌɑːrkɪˈmiːdiːz/;[2] Ancient Greek: Ἀρχιμήδης, Arkhimḗdēs; Doric Greek: [ar.kʰi.mɛː.dɛ̂ːs]; c. 287 – c. 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.[3] A large part of Archimedes' work in engineering arose from fulfilling the needs of his home city of Syracuse. The Greek writer Athenaeus of Naucratis described how King Hiero II commissioned Archimedes to design a huge ship, the Syracusia, which could be used for luxury travel, carrying supplies, and as a naval warship. The Syracusia is said to have been the largest ship built in classical antiquity.[31] According to Athenaeus, it was capable of carrying 600 people and included garden decorations, a gymnasium) and a temple dedicated to the goddess Aphrodite among its facilities. Since a ship of this size would leak a considerable amount of water through the hull, the Archimedes' screw was purportedly developed in order to remove the bilge water. Archimedes' machine was a device with a revolving screw-shaped blade inside a cylinder. It was turned by hand, and could also be used to transfer water from a low-lying body of water into irrigation canals. The Archimedes' screw is still in use today for pumping liquids and granulated solids such as coal and grain. The Archimedes' screw described in Roman times by Vitruvius may have been an improvement on a screw pump that was used to irrigate the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.[32][33] The world's first seagoing steamship with a screw propeller was the SS Archimedes, which was launched in 1839 and named in honor of Archimedes and his work on the screw.[34] For a wonderful example of why Christians should not be allowed to spread this ridiculous theory of how helpful they are to science and technology lets look at a Christian practice of writing over old manuscripts with bible nonsense: Archimedes Palimpsest In 1906, The Archimedes Palimpsest revealed works by Archimedes thought to have been lost. The foremost document containing the work of Archimedes is the Archimedes Palimpsest. In 1906, the Danish professor Johan Ludvig Heiberg) visited Constantinople and examined a 174-page goatskin) parchment of prayers written in the 13th century AD. He discovered that it was a palimpsest, a document with text that had been written over an erased older work. Palimpsests were created by scraping the ink from existing works and reusing them, which was a common practice in the Middle Ages as vellum was expensive. The older works in the palimpsest were identified by scholars as 10th century AD copies of previously unknown treatises by Archimedes.[75] The parchment spent hundreds of years in a monastery library in Constantinople before being sold to a private collector in the 1920s. On October 29, 1998 it was sold at auction to an anonymous buyer for$2 million at Christie's in New York.[76]
The palimpsest holds seven treatises, including the only surviving copy of On Floating Bodies in the original Greek. It is the only known source of The Method of Mechanical Theorems, referred to by Suidas and thought to have been lost forever. Stomachion was also discovered in the palimpsest, with a more complete analysis of the puzzle than had been found in previous texts. The palimpsest is now stored at the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, Maryland, where it has been subjected to a range of modern tests including the use of ultraviolet and x-ray light to read the overwritten text.[77]
So what does Archimedes tell us? Well he tells us we have a verified person alive before Christ who practiced science. Archimedes definitely followed a different religion since the Judaic People didn't have the Maccabean Revolt (origin of Hunnakah) until 150 BCE.
Looking at the religions history of Ancient Rome we can see that is is very unlikely Judaism or Christianity had become more than Cults by the time of Archimedes, who lived in Syracuse before the Romans conquered it, and died as a result of that conquering.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_ancient_Rome
So just to be clear we have a "heathen" who is recognized by anyone with a brain as one of the most influential scientists to ever live.
Syracuse did LATER become infected by Christianity but it was not founded by Hebrew or Christian peoples and certainly was not Judaic or Christian or Catholic.
Syracuse was founded by Greek colonists in 734 or 733 BC, part of Magna Graecia. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia: "Syracuse claims to be the second Church founded by St. Peter, after that of Antioch. It also claims that St. Paul preached there. ... In the times of St. Cyprian (the middle of the third century), Christianity certainly flourished at Syracuse, and the catacombs clearly show that this was the case in the second century." Across the Strait of Messina, Calabria on the mainland was also probably an early center of Christianity.[63]
To put the nail in the ridiculous notion that Christianity is somehow linked to scientific and technological progress, let's just have a look at the timeline of notable events in human history.
https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780191735417.timeline.000
c. 300 bce
Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma emerge as India's trio of main gods, with the Vedic religion of the Aryans evolving into Hinduism
The Celts move across the Channel into Britain, soon becoming the dominant ethnic group in the island
The Greek author Theophrastus writes On the History of Plants, the earliest surviving work on botany
The flexibility of the Roman legion transforms the Greek phalanx into an even more effective fighting machine
Euclid, teaching at the museum in Alexandria, writes what becomes Europe's standard textbook on geometry
Vesta, goddess of the hearth, is served in Rome by virgin priestesses who tend the sacred flame in her shrine
Epicurus postulates a universe of indestructible atoms in which man himself is responsible for achieving a balanced life
Phoenicia is brought into the new Hellenistic empire, changing hands frequently between contending successors of Alexander
c. 300 bce - ce 100
The people of Paracas, a coastal region of central Peru, create extremely sophisticated fabrics of woven cotton or vicuña wool
299 bce
The Roman siege technique is improved by the 'tortoise' which protects the attacking force
Seleucus founds Antioch as a Greek city on the trade route between Mesopotamia and Europe
292 bce
The Colossus, a giant statue of Helios the sun god, is erected beside the harbour of Rhodes
281 bce
Pyrrhus lands in Italy, with 25,000 men and 20 elephants, to fight for the Greek colony of Tarentum against the Romans
c. 280 bce
The Jewish community of Alexandria coins the word diaspora for Jews living far from Israel
The Alexandrian school of medicine develops an alarming form of clinical anatomy – human vivisection
A great lighthouse, subsequently one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is built on the island of Pharos, off Alexandria
The Jews of Alexandria commission the Greek translation of the Old Testament which becomes known as the Septuagint
272 bce
Asoka, a devotee of Buddhism, wins the Mauryan throne and establishes India's first empire
c. 270 bce
On the small Greek island of Samos an astronomer, Aristarchus, comes to the startling conclusion that the earth is in orbit round the sun
264 bce
A clash in Sicily, between Rome and Carthage, leads to the First Punic War
The first gladiatorial contests in Rome are part of the entertainment at a funeral, and soon become popular
c. 260 bce
The 500,000 scrolls in the library at Alexandria are listed in a catalogue, which itself runs to 120 scrolls
A Carthaginian quinquereme, captured by the Romans, is used as the model for the first Roman fleet - constructed in two months
The new Roman fleet wins a decisive victory over the Carthaginians at Mylae, thanks largely to the 'raven' (corvus in Latin)
c. 250 bce
The organ, using a mechanical device to pump air through a set of musical pipes, is invented in Alexandria by Ctesibius
Archimedes (it is said) leaps out of his bath shouting eureka ('I have found it') when he perceives how to test for relative density
Asoka, extending his rule over much of India, proclaims his Buddhist faith on pillars and in rock inscriptions
The Chinese develop the crossbow, many centuries before its use in Europe
The first alchemists, working in Alexandria, are also the world's first experimental chemists
The digits known now as Arabic numerals make their first tentative appearance in India
The Romans evolve a system of numerals which, until the end of the Middle Ages, is a handicap to western arithmetic
Buddhism reaches Sri Lanka as a result of the missionary efforts of the Indian ruler, Asoka
To help the king of Syracuse extract water from the hold of a ship (so the story goes), Archimedes invents the screw now known by his name
Hmmm. I see an odd lack of the Big G given how Christianity or other religions of the book are supposed to be somehow integral to scientific progress.
Oh wait that's right. It's a lie. That explains it much more simply than rewriting history doesn't it?
Yes many scientists since the creation of Christianity have been Christian. A lot of people who died were alive too.
All people will inevitably try to enact / enforce policies and laws that align with their personal beliefs. Logical / rational people do not allow their irrational beliefs (religion) to guide their policy making. Irrational people, the religious, actively try to force the rest of the world to follow their irrational beliefs.
If you don't see how that can be dangerous, consider that pre-marital sex used to get you killed by a mob chucking rocks.
Yeah... no. No one should be expected to let a group of people who believe they commit ritualistic cannibalism every week decide on law.
Like I said I am going to keep adding to this, and I will clean up the language, but it makes me furious to know that Christian "scholars" are trying to white wash history and make it look like Christianity is somehow responsible for technonological / scientific progress. It is absurd. Chrsitianity / Catholicism / Religion itself is almost always anathema towards scientific progress since science unveils the lies that are woven into every religion.
Resurrection - never happened.
Deities visiting the planet - never happened.
Miracles - never happened.
Religion being the moral backbone of society - laughably wrong
Now lets have a look at REAL things that REALLY happened and aren't weird masturbatory conjecture.
Galileo, the most famous example of a scientist put to death for arguing with the church
People that Christians burned because religion
Christians burning books, the epitome of destroying knowledge beyond just murdering people
Conservative Christians Deny Climate Change still
Or how about the super disturbing fact that the United States Supreme Courts constantly has to fight to keep idiotic religious rules from infecting our schools and government
Or how about the fact that God was added to the United States way after the fact, and we were intended to be a non-affiliated country
Modern Christian revisionists would have you believe the United States was founded as a Christian nation. No it was not by any mean. Let us prove this by looking at the Constitution:
ARTICLE VI
All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.
This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any state to the Contrary notwithstanding.
The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.
Interesting that it is directly stated NO RELIGIOUS TEST SHALL EVER BE REQUIRED AS A QUALIFICATION TO ANY OFFICE OR PUBLIC TRUST.
So politicians campaigning based on their religious affiliation could actually be seen as a violation of the Constitution. Making religion a basis for election is contrary to the constitution.
The idea that the separation of Church and State was not intentional or was somehow added later is absurd. The first amendment was suggested in September 25, 1789 and ratified in December 15, 1791.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_amendments_to_the_United_States_Constitution
If you look at the "Christianity in the United States" Wiki page, you can see more of this revisionist bullshit.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Christianity_in_the_United_States
Separation of church and state
In October 1801, members of the Danbury Baptists Associations wrote a letter to the new president-elect Thomas Jefferson. Baptists, being a minority in Connecticut, were still required to pay fees to support the Congregationalist majority. The Baptists found this intolerable. The Baptists, well aware of Jefferson's own unorthodox beliefs, sought him as an ally in making all religious expression a fundamental human right and not a matter of government largesse.
In his January 1, 1802 reply to the Danbury Baptist Association Jefferson summed up the First Amendment's original intent, and used for the first time anywhere a now-familiar phrase in today's political and judicial circles: the amendment established a "wall of separation between church and state." Largely unknown in its day, this phrase has since become a major Constitutional issue. The first time the U.S. Supreme Court cited that phrase from Jefferson was in 1878, 76 years later.
This is so obviously wrong given historical fact that I shouldn't have to spell it out for anyone. This is not just navel-gazing conjecture as there are now conservative Christians trying to actively change history. What a sad state the world is in (again).

2020.08.30 02:26 ConorCulture Booking Modern Day LAX - Part 3: Mundo de los Reyes

Build to Double or Nothing:
So, to answer the question of what is going to be the big dream faction war this time...there isn’t really one. The “faction” is more the best Mexican guys of AEW, since Latin American Xclusive. This would also make more use of the AAA partnership that aside from Kenny Omega holding the Mega Championship in AAA, hasn’t really done anything. Sure, we got The Bucks vs. The Bros feuding over the AAA Tag belts, but at least I was expecting something more like the Impact/AAA partnership of people showing up from both companies on their different shows. But it hasn’t really been that with AEW and I don’t know why, but this chapter is dedicated to it. The Dynamite after is a rest week like usual for PPV aftermaths, and Eddie Kingston’s boys have moved on from Cody’s crew. Kingston will be defending his coveted championship which he’s held onto for over 200 days now (the longest reign in the titles history) in an open challenge.
Eddie Kingston is back and still has his title intact. He runs his mouth on the AEW roster before anyone has even stepped through the curtain. Then out comes his opponent, REY FÉNIX! Fénix is fresh off his loss at Revolution to Pentagon Jr. in a Mexican Deathmatch and is hunting for redemption. He’s used to facing brawlers though, so this could be it for him. He quickly displays his strategy, out match Eddie with speed so he can’t land his fatal hits. And it works, as every time Kingston tries a move like the Sliding D or American D, Fénix is too fast and gets the counter. He gets a bit ahead of himself with the hype of the crowd though, and Eddie takes this opportunity to comeback into the fight. Eddie lands a Uranage and nails the Royal Flush, 1…..2….FÉNIX KICKS OUT!!! Fénix keeps in the fight and now its even, as Fénix is pretty banged up by the Royal Flush. They have a slapping match and then Kingston goes for what looks like a Paradigm Shift, BUT FÉNIX COUNTERS MIDAIR INTO HIS OWN SNAP DDT!!! He scales the top ropes, SHOOTING STAR PRESS METEORA!!! 1……2…..3!!!! REY FÉNIX HAS ENDED EDDIE KINGSTON’S REIGN, AND IS YOUR NEW…TNT CHAMPION OF THE WORLD!!!
Eddie Kingston is now without title, and is responsible for the golden glory being over. He respects that Fénix was the better man as he’s slowly leaning more towards a babyface, but he says that if Fénix does or says any shit then to mawl him. Eddie Kingston then doesn’t wrestle for a bit after the big match and loss, but the Women’s Tag Team Championships have a match coming up. They’re defending once again against Riho and Yuka Sakazaki. The match is similar to their last affair at Full Gear, where the girls of LAX retained their titles, but now Riho and Yuka have more chemistry due to teaming together longer. They flow better with double teams now and seem to have a natural chemistry in the air, something not present in the last bout which Ivelisse and Diamanté capitalised on. One mistake though from Riho and Diamanté thinks she has it won with a Bridging German from the second rope! 1……..2……SHE KICKS OUT!!! Now it’s a frenzy of big moves due to the unknowingness of what will put the opponent away. Once again though, a Diamanté mistake near the end seals their fate. Riho rolls up after Diamanté slips up and they lose their titles. Not only do LAX only have one title in their grasp, but it was Diamanté’s fault, and Ivelisse doesn’t forgive her. She locks in a Guillotine Choke and doesn’t let go. She is pulled off by Eddie Kingston, but he’s hit with a Superkick. Ivelisse has gone rogue, and is out of The Latin American Xclusive.
LAX are slowly but surely falling down from their place as king of the hill. Kingston slipped and with him fell down Ivelisse and Diamanté. Ivelisse dropped and was lost, leaving Santana and Ortiz to keep them up while Kingston and Diamanté hold on. They’ve been holding these belts for well over 400 and nearly 500 days now, since late 2020. Meanwhile Fénix is still doing his TNT Championship defenses. And his first defense, will be against Mil Muertes. Yes, you heard me. But specifically, Mil Muertes, not Mesias or Ricky Banderas. Banderas himself has expressed interest in joining AEW, but I don’t think they should go all out with him. See he’s in his mid-40s, and his back is in bad shape, as well as his knees. But this is a great one time appearance in my opinion, and a great first match for Fénix, against his most legendary rival. Plus, this also kickstarts Catrina Perez in AEW, who last time I saw was trying to get into acting before corona. I think she’d be great at that, but being a manager in AEW is what I’d personally like to see her doing. She’s a great talker, great looking, can even go in-ring and has the ex-WWE cred. And Catrina will be important for later.
It’s big man vs. little man, but Fénix mobility as usual will be his asset. They go through some old spots like Fénix being busted open and Mil Muertes biting at his scalp, literally consuming what keeps his live in tact as to slowly wither him away. Fénix tries to tightrope the guardrail and Mil pushes him into the crowd too, like before. Fénix has a moment with his ex, Catrina, where Catrina acts like she’s ready for a second shot at it, but it’s a ruse as Mil jumps him. Fénix then wins the match after lifting himself out of a Flat Liner and hitting a Standing Shooting Star Press. He then finally lifts Mil into a Package Piledriver and retains his title. Afterwards he declares on the mic he will be the best TNT Champion of all time, and will defend-Eddie Kingston cuts him off. He hops the guardrail and stands at ringside. He then lifts his hand up, with his thumb pointing to the side. He thinks about, and then lifts it into a thumbs up. That’s when Homicide jump attacks Fénix! He hasn’t been seen since last year! Homicide batters Fénix, and takes him out with a Verterbreaker. Santana and Ortiz come out and they all hold gun signs and point them at Fénix’s head. This takes him out for next week so that he can’t defend his title. The second week after though Catrina visits the champ, and says that death is inevitable for us all. Even the man of a thousand lives, will always meet his doom. Which is why, Mil will always come back, because he is the embodiment of death itself. She then gives Fénix a peck on the lips, worrying him even more.
Fénix is back in action though for the following week where he will defend his title against the returning Homicide. Homicide attacks him during his entrance with a Cannonball Tope to kick off the match and set the tone, fast and furious. He slits his throat at Fénix and tries for the West Brooklyn Lariat, but Fénix ducks and hits a Pele Kick! He whips Homicide to the outside and hits him with a Tope Con Hilo, followed by a Corkscrew Senton! Now they’re both in the fight, and they have a sequence in ring of arm drag counters upon arm drag counters. They both do double Bicycle Kicks, and fall back, but get back up into double Bicycle Kicks again. This time they go down. They keep up the fast paced and high-flying stuff. Homicide gets a Bronx Bomber for 2 and in retaliation grabs a fork. He tries to reopen the wound he had to kayfabe get stitched up, but Fénix fights out of it. He then hits a Hurricanerana onto the fork, and a Michinoku Driver right on the spikes. Fénix then takes some big dives, including a La Garra del Fénix into the crowd, and we reach the end point. Homicide tries the Da Cop Killa (Verterbreaker) again on Fénix, what previously took him out of action, but Fénix flips out before the drop. He then lifts Homicide into a Fénix Driver, 1……2….3!!! Rey Fénix retains the championship!!
The Young Bucks after defeating one of the tag teams in LAX, want to defeat the other tag team in LAX – Santana and Ortiz. And they want to defeat them for what they still hold, the AEW World Tag Team Championships. Before they get this opportunity though, Santana and Ortiz make the challenge of a Six-man Tag Street Fight, Homicide as their third man, Jacob Fatu as theirs. They accept this request, since it’ll give them a title match if they win. Now I have a big soft spot for the over the top spotfests of PWG, and this is exactly that. Lot of flips, lot of kicks, lot of weapons, lot of holy shit. So to embrace it – get in the mood with this to make it feel like a PWG Preview. However ridiculous these guys can get, go that far. The match starts with a triple suicide dive from LAX, followed by another but they’re hit by chairs. The Bucks bust out Superkicks galore and then they do a triple dive, with Matt and Nick on Tope Con Hilo duty while Fatu does that Spaceman Plancha. He then goes beserk with Samoan shit, like that Running Ass move they do. He does Splashes and Drops, with a couple assisted by weapons. Matt and Nick use all their famous flippy tag shit: the Crazy Dive, More Bang for Your Buck, Meltzer Driver etc. Homicide hits a Bronx Bomber off a ladder to Jacob Fatu, and then Santana and Ortiz throw the ladder at The Bucks! They try a triple cover, but The Bucks break it up with Slingshot Canadian Destroyers! Jacob Fatu then does More Bang for Your Buck with Nick, meanwhile Matt does a Death Valley Driver through a table leant on the guardrail on the outside. Fatu then does a big Splash onto all three stacked on top of each other, 1……2….3!
These guys then of course get a break until two weeks after that war, The Bucks get their match. Starts off with counters upon counters from Ortiz and Nick and then they do that same spot from their match at Full Gear, that absurd four-man crab hold on The Bucks. Santana and Ortiz do their own version of More Bang for Your Buck, but Matt gets the cut off with a Inverted Suplex on Santana. He then goes on a Superkick party, absolutely crushing Ortiz’s skull into the ring post. He does a couple high flying moves on Santana, until he comes back and hits a Death Valley Driver to the outside. He then dives out after him with a Asai Moonsault. After this point the action gets crazy. In the end, a Street Sweeper followed by a double Running Senton for the win. After this, The Bucks would manage to get themselves into a #1 Contenders Match at Double or Nothing against SCU, which we will touch open later. Around this time too, Pentagon Jr. has started to target the weak. He squashes people and breaks their arm on Dark, where he shows up every week, kind of making it his home brand since it fits the gimmick, showing up on Dynamite rarely. Excalibur calls him a spider catching a fly in his web, as he tortures the victim while it tries yet can’t escape. The week following this match though, is one of the times he shows up on Dynamite.
I said he picks apart the weak, and this isn’t just jobbers. Because this week he attacks Eddie Kingston. He then explains in a video segment afterwards that he’s sensed the cracks beginning to show in LAX, and is going to burn it down. And that starts with Eddie Kingston. The week following is a big Six-man Tag Team Match. Eddie Kingston, Santana and Ortiz vs. Aerostar, Drago and Fénix (remember what I said about AAA). Pentagon Jr. interferes near the end which allows Aerostar and Drago to duel pin Santana and Ortiz to win. This gives them a Tag Team Championship match in the future. Pentagon then beats up the entire of LAX, and challenges Eddie Kingston to a Street Fight at Double or Nothing. Week after is again another big blockbuster Six-man tag team match – this one built around one guy though. Rey Mysterio Jr. yes, Rey comes to AEW. By this point Dominick will be about a year and a half into his WWE run and I believe after Dominick has cemented a place for himself in WWE, Rey leaves. And I’m going to have him retire in AEW. The big rumor is a match with him and Fénix for Double or Nothing, made even more prevalent when this tag match is announced: Fénix, Darby Allin and Brian Cage vs. Pac, Rey Mysterio Jr. and Pentagon Jr. NUT. Meanwhile Ivelisse and Diamanté confirm their match for Double or Nothing in a contract signing, ending in a table break of course because this is wrestling.
Pac and Pentagon Jr. still have their old Death Triangle link which they feed off. In the end Rey gets the pin on Fénix, but afterwards it turns into a big mess with everyones rivals coming out. I really like when stories are weaved together in a big universe, which is the point of this moment. We’re getting very close to Double or Nothing now, and we got two big matches left. First is a TNT Championship defence, a Three-way between Fénix, El Hijo del Vikingo and Pentagon Jr. Good lucha things ensue, and Pentagon Jr. loses after Eddie Kingston distracts them. They then brawl up the ramp, ending in a big Royal Flush onto the steel. Rey Mysterio then comes out after that big brawl, and challenges Fénix to a Career vs. Title match at Double or Nothing. Fénix accepts. “King vs. King” its build as. Meanwhile, Pentagon Jr. has a match against Homicide on the go home show until the fourth ever Double or Nothing. It’s a competitive match involving two people I believe would suit each other, and of course ends with Pentagon breaking the arm of Homicide. Meanwhile, Strong Hearts of OWE (again, another dormant relationship) are put in the tag team match at Double or Nothing with AerostaDrago and current #1 Contenders, FTR, after winning a tournament over in China. This makes it a four-team ladder match.
Double or Nothing:
FTR defeats Aerostar and Drago, Strong Hearts and The Latin American Xclusive © in a Ladder Match to win the AEW World Tag Team Championships
The match starts with a big scramble in the middle between the 8 people, with everyone slowly falling until it’s down to two men. Aerostar and Santana both look at each other, and then look at the pile of three people each beside them, and dive out! The people who get up first then each grab ladders: Cash Wheeler, El Lindaman, Aerostar and Santana. They all swing them at each other, but due to El Lindaman’s height a ladder swings too high to hit him and he hits a Backdrop to Santana! He then spears Aerostar and starts to grapple with Cash. He is thrown into a ladder leaning in the corner, but he lands on it, then dives off with a Mad Splash to Cash! T-Hawk then gets up and comes into the ring. They double team on Cash and then climb the ladder. Drago is then awoken, who jumps up onto the support bar in between Lindaman and T-Hawk. He bangs their heads against each other, but then they hit a double headbutt to knock him off. Aerostar catches Drago so he doesn’t badly fall, and then they both push the ladder over so they fall off to the mat. Aerostar and Drago both then run the ropes and jump over Strong Hearts with Suicide Dives to FTR!
Santana and Ortiz then renter the fray. Santana superkicks T-Hawk into the corner and then hits an Inverted Cannonball! Ortiz hits a normal Cannonball and then lifts T-Hawk into a Death Valley Driver, which Santana combos with a Senton and Ortiz caps off with a Moonsault Press. Meanwhile El Lindaman kicks the ladder back into place. He doesn’t try the fight he can’t win, so he low bridges when Santana runs for him. Santana holds on by the apron though. He tries to do a double Hanging Soccer Kick, but El Lindaman ducks and Ortiz and Santana hit each other. Santana and Ortiz then fall into the waiting arms of FTR, who hit a Mindbreaker on the outside. FTR then come in. Dax climbs up while Cash keeps the coast clear. This doesn’t work well though, as Cash is taken out with a Slingshot Corkscrew Crossbody from Drago and Aerostar springboards onto the ladder. Dax jumps down before anything happens, so Aerostar dives off the ladder into both of FTR with a Reverse Tope! El Lindaman tries to get back in the fight, but Ortiz interrupts with a Slingshot Spear onto the apron! Ortiz then dives back in with a Crossbody to Drago, but Drago catches him and hits a Fallaway Moonsault Slam! Aerostar and Drago both then get up and bring out one of the other ladders from earlier that was thrown to the outside, setting them up beside each other.
T-Hawk comes in and ducks a clothesline, hitting a Superkick to Drago. He lifts Aerostar in a Fireman’s Carry, but Aerostar gets out and pushes him into a Snap Rana. T-Hawk then rolls to the apron. Drago tries to tightrope along the second rope, but Ortiz does the same, and so they both jump to the outside onto both Strong Hearts with Flying Seated Sentons. Cash and Dax then regain their footing, and hit the Goodnight Express on Aerostar! But Wheeler is hit with a Hurricanerana by Santana, who ducks a clothesline from Harwood so he runs into the ladder! Santana then hits a Pele Kick to the arm, and assists a Diving Double Foot Stomp from Ortiz onto it! Santana lifts Dax into a Fireman’s Carry to once again combo with a double foot stomp, when from the corner of their eye see Aerostar hitting a Canadian Destroyer onto El Lindaman! He then runs in and jumps off the side of the ladder, onto the back of Dax, and leaps over to the top rope where Ortiz stands to hit a Spanish Fly! HOLY SHIT!!! For the first time in the match though, everyone is down. T-Hawk comes in but is hit with a chair by Cash, who then does a Russian Leg Sweep onto the chair. He scurries up and unhooks the titles! FTR ARE THE NEW AEW WORLD TAG TEAM CHAMPIONS!! LAX have now lost all their gold.
Ivelisse defeats Diamanté
It’s the ladies action now second on the card between two women who know each other so well, former tag team champions: Diamanté and Ivelisse. Their first match in AEW were against each other, and to fit the mood they even wear those same attires. Ivelisse in her red top, bottoms and boots while Diamanté wears her Latin American Xchange gear from Impact, that she wore in the first affair. The opening salvo is counters upon counters. They’ve spent 7 months together, they know what they go for and so counter it. Ivelisse is on an arm drag train when Diamanté just stops to not run into it, and instead hits a Roundhouse Kick from out of nowhere! Ivelisse responds with a Snapmare, Spinal Tap and headlock. She turns the headlock into a Dragon Sleeper, and as Diamanté struggles in that Ivelisse laughs in glee. Diamanté then slaps her and starts to tug on her hair. She then comes back with a Superkick to the back of the head and a German Suplex, 1……2….KICK OUT FROM IVELISSE!! They then pick up the pace of the action so the crowd don’t fall asleep after the last match’s action. They are both versed in the lucha libre style after all.
Near the end of the match, Ivelisse tries for the Flaming Arrow but Diamanté catches into a Death Valley Driver into the corner! Ivelisse then stands in the tree of woe an she goes up for a Double Foot Stomp, the move Ivelisse used to end nearly all their tag matches. She jumps for it and hits, 1........2.....THE LIGHTS GO OUT!! We hear grunting and someone fall. When the lights are back on, ITS CATRINA ON THE OUTSIDE!! She struts to the apron and then leans on it, eyeing at Diamanté. Ivelisse then comes from behind with a Diving Double Foot Stomp! 1.........2......3!!!! Ivelisse defeats her old rather and new rival Diamanté, with the help of her new partner - Catrina. They would then go on to defeat Yuka Sakazaki and Riho for the AEW Women’s Tag Team Championships, and continue their partnership going forward meanwhile Diamanté goes after the AEW Women’s World Championship. Catrina comes in and declares her and Ivelisse alliance, and that they will soon run the women’s division of AEW. “Every girl in the locker room, you can’t escape it - I am inevitable.”
The Young Bucks defeats SCU to become AEW World Tag Team Championships #1 Contenders
SCU enter out first and everyone in attendance roar “S-C-U!” They come out with Christopher Daniels and they walk down the ramp, Daniels with a couple plasters on his face from the double thumbtack Superkick. The Young Bucks then come out and it rains Bucks Bucks as they pose. They both draw their fists at Daniels, but Nick tells him “don’t worry old man”, and rolls into the ring. They go for a double Superkick before the bell rings but Kaz and Sky duck, they both hit Superkick’s to the shins which drops the Bucks to the their knees, then they both hit Superkick’s to their faces! The bell frantically rings and we’re underway way.
Scorpio Sky goes to town on Nick Jackson with elbows, rights and lefts, stomps, everything he’s got he throws at him. In the corner he lays into him with more of this stuff and a couple shoulder barges into the midsection occasionally, before hitting a Hesitation Dropkick followed by another. He then Superkick’s Matt off the apron an hits a Tope Con Hilo into both men! Sky gets the crowd on their feet with a massive opening sequence before throwing Nick back into the ring. He goes for a big splash but Nick ducks and goes for an early roll up, 1.....2....Kick Out. Nick then begins to work over the arm of Sky. Sky rolls out of an Armhold and hits a Flying Elbow Smash followed by Standing Moonsault. 1......2....Kick Out. Nick hits a Push-off Dropkick and runs the ropes again but is caught by a Slingblade! Sky heads to the corner and lines up a Running attack but Nick hits a Jumping Youshi Tonic! He tags in Matt who slingshots over the ropes with a DDT! They both double team Sky before Rick Knox demands Nick leave the ring. Nick does so. Nick rests his foot on top turnbuckle to assist an Irish whip into the corner from Matt, but Sky hits a rope run Enziguri sending Nick to the outside. Matt runs at him but Sky throws him into the air and he flies to the outside into Nick!
Sky tags in Kaz and they hit double Suicide Dives to the outside, but they’re both caught with Superkicks! Matt hits a Suplex Toss onto the barricade to Sky but Kaz from behind hits a Diving Knee Strike off the apron! Kaz rolls into the ring and Matt follows suit. Matt runs along the apron to the top rope where he connects a Corkscrew Senton! He rolls into the other corner where he pulls himself to the top turnbuckle to hit a Diving Crossbody but Kaz catches him with a Cutter! He pulls Nick to his feet and hits a Tilt-a-Whirl Headscissors. He launches Matt into the corner and he runs for him but Nick moves and throws him into the apron. Kaz falls to the apron. Nick pulls him back up and while standing on the middle rope goes for a huge Deadlift Suplex back into the ring but he can’t quite get it. Kaz then springboards off the second rope with a Sunset Flip to Matt! 1.......2....Nick breaks it up with a Standing Shooting Star Press! Matt tags Nick in. Nick runs at Kaz but Kaz catches him by the arm. Nick still does a Handspring and connects an Arm Drag of his own with it. He goes for a running attack but Kaz dodges and Nick rolls into the corner. Kaz then hits a Feint Corner Dropkick!
Kaz hits a Springboard Leg Drop to Nick and goes to tag in Sky but Nick connects a Poisoned Rana! 1......2....Kick Out! Kaz turns around and hits a Bicycle Kick followed by Swinging Neckbreaker! He then tags in Sky. Kaz gets Nick up in a Back to the Future which Sky assists with a Front Missile Dropkick! Sky hits an Ace of Spades to Nick and heads to the apron. He goes for a Springboard attack but Nick catches with a C4! Nick tags in Matt who hits a Springboard Cutter! He hits a Superkick to Kaz on the apron who falls into waiting arms of Daniels, who pushes him back up. Matt goes for another Kick but Kaz ducks and hits a Slingshot DDT! Sky and Kaz hit SCU!!! 1........2.....KICK OUT!!! Kaz leaves the ring. Matt hits a Code Red to Sky! 1.....2....Kick Out! Both men recover. Sky leapfrogs a Matt attack and he runs under him. Matt then hits a Springboard Corkscrew Crossbody! He heads to the top ropes and lines up a flying attack, but Sky hits a Hail Mary Rana! Sky hits the TKO! 1......2....Nick breaks it up with a Slingshot Double Foot Stomp! Nick hits a Superkick and Matt hits a Canadian Destroyer! They line up the Meltzer Driver but Sky gets out and Nick flies into Matt! Sky then hits a Rope Run Crossbody!
Sky goes for a Final Answer but Nick jumps off his own brothers back with a Bicycle Kick in the air. They go for the Meltzer Driver again but this time Kaz runs in and hits Nick with a Spanish Fly off the third rope! Matt delivers the Tombstone Piledriver to Sky anyways. Nick goes for a DDT to Kaz but Sky from behind hits a Final Answer! He then hits an Ace Crusher rolled into a Dragon Sleeper! Matt fights out and throws Sky into Kaz who is on the apron. Nick grabs Kaz and gets him in an Electric Chair position on the outside. Sky is draped over the second ropes. Matt then jumps off of Sky to the outside and kicks Kaz midair! Matt lays gassed on the ramp but Nick pulls him back into the ring so he can tag him. Sky tags in Kaz and we get a battle of the hot tags. Kaz ducks a clothesline and hits a Wave of the Future! 1........2.....KICK OUT!!! Nick calls for Matt and Matt drags himself to the apron. They then hit the Indytaker! Kaz hits a Fade to Black to Nick, 1.......2......Springboard Double Foot Stomp breaks it up!!!!!! Matt lays into Kaz. He goes for a Superkick to Kaz but Kaz ducks and he hits Nick instead! Sky then runs in and goes for a Springboard Tornado DDT but he hits Kaz instead! Sky hits the Blackout DDT to Matt! 1.......2.....Nick breaks it up with a Jumping Double Foot Stomp! Nick and Matt hit More Bang for Your Buck followed by the Meltzer Driver! 1...............2...........3!!!!! The Young Bucks are new #1 Contenders!
Rey Fénix defeats Rey Mysterio Jr. in a Championship vs. Career Match
Not going to spend too much time on this one like Kenny Omega/Chris Hero previously, since it doesn’t have relation to LAX (unlike the match just before which concerns the tag belts held by LAX, well previously). Again, I trust these guys to craft something absolutely amazing and one to remember. In my eyes this is the best possible opponent for who will be a now 47 year old Rey Mysterio to have his last match with. He makes a big final entrance, all the bells and whistles you can imagine. He of course wears special gear, but it’s a hybrid of colours in what is basically a best of collage. Everyone knows this is going to be Mysterio’s last match but still that doesn’t take away from the drama that a childhood hero of so many, including me at one point when I first got into wrestling, is about to fight his last fight. Rey tries the 619 one last time, but his knee gives away on the swing. Fénix then lifts him up, tells him he loves him, and ends it with a Fénix Driver. Big celebration for Rey’s last match, maybe he can take the mask off if he wants but I personally wouldn’t do it. This is both men’s biggest moment up to date, and Fénix is finally given that fuel to make him AEW World Champion soon.
Pentagon Jr. defeats Eddie Kingston in a 914 Street Fight
This is the big match we’ve been building to. The finale, the endgame, the one where Eddie puts him over. 914 is the area code of Yonkers, home city for Eddie Kingston, so it applies under them rules - that there aren’t any. It starts off with Eddie and Pentagon going to town in the crowd as Pentagon jumps him with a kendo stick. They fight around there, ending when Eddie slams him through the door, and puts him through the concession stand table. They then brawl back to ringside, where the bell still hasn’t rung. Eddie calls him a motherfucker and immediately hits a Piledriver onto the outside. He then brings the weapons into the ring. He takes off his Tupac shirt to reveal his gear and he then waits for Pentagon to come back in. Pentagon does not hold back though in his comeback, immediately putting Eddie Kingston through a table.
He laughs at the weapons in the ring, because he’s got some real shit in store. He brings out - light tubes. He leaves them in the corner to tease the fans, waiting for that glass to break. Meanwhile he continues the assault on Eddie Kingston. He tries a Pentagon Driver immediately, 1.......2...KICK OUT!!! They go to the outside where Pentagon hits three Superkicks in a row. Eddie Kingston is looking pretty banged up early on. Pentagon goes for the Fear Factor onto the concrete, but Eddie Kingston counters into a Backdrop onto the stacked mats! He then hits a Death Valley Driver on them. He gets a chair and places it on Pentagon’s stomach. He goes for a Senton, but Pentagon throws the chair at him before he can hit it! Pentagon then tries a chair shot, but he hits the ring post, and is then hit with a chair-assisted Backfist to the Future!!
Back in the ring the fighting continues. Eddie Kingston tries his own Fear Factor, but Pentagon reverses into a Hurricanerana! Pentagon then throws the table at him! He sets it up and brings Eddie to the middle rope. He tries a Hurricanerana, but Eddie holds on. He drops him, but Pentagon gets back up and they fight from there. Pentagon then tries to take things to the next level when he finally tries to hit the light tube, misses, keeps it in tact. He throws it at Eddie Kingston who catches, and tries to Dropkick it, but he misses and so Kingston does a Senton onto the light tube onto Pentagon! 1......2....PENTAGON KICKS OUT!! He coughs up dust and wipes the broken glass of his gear in a great visual, as he then turns to Eddie Kingston with nothing but blood lust. He then attacks Eddie Kingston, and pulls out a rusty kitchen fork and now people are getting their scalps cut open. Pentagon does not hesitate with this procedure, as he stabs Kingston in the head until he’s leaking red stuff. He then hits a Piledriver onto the steel chair and he’s coated in Muta juice. 1.......2....KICK OUT!!!!!
Eddie Kingston comes back with a big Dropkick and a American D. He then taps Pentagon with the fork, but goes a step further. He grabs a spike and a hammer, and starts to hammer the spike into his head. Like the Sami Callihan/Pentagon Jr. match. He rips apart his mask and then spikes him on the forehead, and now they’re both bleeding. He tries to slam him onto remaining light tube dust, but he’s hit with a Backdrop onto it! Pentagon then drinks his own blood and wipes it around his face. He pulls out a table and to show Eddie Kingston he doesn’t care, puts himself through it. He then flips him two birds, and pulls out a glass sheet. Yes, they’re going to this level. He sets it up in the corner and teases the fans again by not having someone put through it. Pentagon has no patience and tries a spear, but is leapfrogged. Eddie Kingston then hits an Exploder Suplex into the opposite corner. He calls for it, to throw Pentagon through the glass. He sets him up, then runs back, and HITS A BUCKLE BOMB THROUGH THE GLASS SHEET!!!!
Eddie Kingston tries the cover, 1.......2.....KICK OUT!!! PENTAGON KEEPS FIGHTING FOR HIS LIFE!!! Pentagon gets out of the pile of broken glass he lays in. Wipes his hand across his blood, licks his hand, and plays a Cero Miedo on his forehead. They then both start clubbing each other with rights and lefts. Forearm, forearm, forearm on repeat. Pentagon falls back into his glass and blood puddle where he lays. Eddie Kingston meanwhile sets up a chair contraption. You know, the one with the chairs in a row so it’s like a safety blanket but literally the opposite of what that means. He makes up one of those, and places a barbed wire board on top. So Pentagon Jr’s only logical idea, IS TO DO A FUCKING FEAR FACTOR ON THE BARBED WIRE CHAIRS!!!! 1.................2..................3!!! Pentagon Jr. wins the match, and LAX begin their decline. But that is not my story to tell.

2020.08.22 12:19 EnclavedMicrostate Tartaria: The Supposed Mega-Empire of Inner Eurasia

## Introduction

For those not in the know, the Tartaria conspiracy theory is one of the most bizarre pieces of pseudo history out there. Its core notion is that the region known as ‘Tartaria’ or ‘Grand Tartary’ in Early Modern European maps was not simply a vague geographical designate, but in fact a vast, centralised empire. Said empire emerged… at some point, and it disappeared… at some point, but for… some reason, its existence has been covered up to suit… some narrative or another. As you can tell, there’s a lot of diverse ideas here, and the fact that there hasn’t been the equivalent of a Christological schism every time a controversial thread goes up is really quite impressive. While this post will primarily address one particular piece of writing that is at the core of Tartaria conspiracy theorising, I’ll include a few tidbits to show you just how much madness its adherents have come up with. But first, some background.

### State of Play, and why I’m doing this

The Tartaria theory has a small but active following on subreddits such as Tartaria, tartarianarchitecture, and CulturalLayer, which as of writing have around 5,300, 2,400 and 23,000 subscribers, respectively, but it’s clear from the 8 questions on the topic asked at AskHistorians since January 2019 and this debunk request from June that it’s a theory that has somewhat broad appeal and can reach beyond its core niche. This is unsurprising given how little education most people in the West receive about basically anything east of Greece: simply put, the reality of Eurasian history is just not something most of us are taught. And if we don’t know the reality of Eurasian history to begin with, or if we do then it's all in bits and pieces where we might not even know a basic set of dates and names, then what seems to be a pretty developed narrative about a lost empire actually turns out rather plausible.
Unfortunately, many debunks of the Tartaria narrative come from people pushing competing conspiracy theories, like this guy claiming that there’s a global Jewish Phoenecian conspiracy and that Tartaria is simply rehashing the notion that Khazars were Jews in order to distract from the real Phoenecian threat at the heart of global society or some nonsense like that. (I don’t really care, I died of laughter after page 3.) Now, there are those coming from serious perspectives, but they focus largely on the problems with Tartaria as a concept rather than addressing the more specific claims being made. This is of course valuable in its own right (shoutout to Kochevnik81 for their responses to the AskHistorians threads), but we can go deeper by really striking at the roots of this ‘theory’ – what is the ‘evidence’ they’re presenting? But to do that, we need to find out what the origins of the ‘theory' are, and thus what its linchpins are. Incidentally, it is because of some recent events regarding those origins that I’ve been finally prompted to write this post.

### Where does it come from?

My attempts to find the exact origins of the Tartaria conspiracy have been not entirely fruitful, as the connections I’ve found have been relatively circumstantial at best. But as far as I can tell, it at least partially originates with that Russian pseudohistorian we all know and love, Anatoly Fomenko. Fomenko is perhaps best known in the English-speaking world for his 7-volume ‘epic’ from 2002, History: Fiction or Science?, but in fact he’s been pushing a complete ‘New Chronology’ since the publication of Novaia khronologia in Russian in 1995. While the New Chronology is best known for its attempt to explain away most of the Middle Ages as a hoax created by the Papacy on the basis of bad astronomy, it also asserts a number of things about Russian history from the Kievan Rus’ to the Romanovs. Key to the Tartaria theory is its claim that there was a vast Slavo-Turkic ‘Russian Horde’ based out of ‘Tartaria’ which dominated Eurasia until the last ‘Horde’ ruler, Boris Godunov, was overthrown by the European Mikhail Romanov. This, of course, is a clear attempt at countering the notion of a ‘Tatar Yoke’ over Russia, as you can’t have a ‘Tatar Yoke’ if the Tatars were Russians all along. Much as I’d like to explain that in more detail here, I don’t have to: in 2004, Konstantin Sheiko at the University of Wollongong wrote an entire PhD thesis looking at the claims of Fomenko’s New Chronology and contextualising them within currents of Russian nationalism, which can be accessed online.
But I personally suspect that if there are Fomenko connections as far as Tartaria specifically is concerned, they are limited. For one, at one stage users on the Tartaria subreddit seemed unfamiliar with Fomenko, and there are those arguing that Fomenko had ‘rewritten’ Tartarian history to be pro-Russian. This is why I said that the evidence was circumstantial. The only other link to Fomenko is indirect: the CulturalLayer sidebar lists the ‘New Chronology Resource Collection’ and the audiobook of History: Fiction or Science? under ‘Essential Resources’, and Tartaria in its ‘Related Subs’.
As far as I can tell, the ultimate origin of its developed form on the Anglophone web traces back to this post on the StolenHistory forums, posted on 17 April 2018. This makes some chronological sense: only one post on CulturalLayer that mentions Tartaria predates this. Moreover, KorbenDallas, the OP of the thread, was also the forum’s chief admin, and given that StolenHistory is still (as of writing) the top resource on CulturalLayer’s sidebar, that suggests significant influence. However, using the search function on camas.reddit.io, it was mentioned at least 9 times before then, with the first mention, on 10 January 2018, mentioning that the ‘theory’ had been doing the rounds on the Russian web for at least 5 years. Nevertheless, as the detail in these early comments is sparse and generally refers only to speculation about maps, it is probably fair to say that the first in-depth English-language formulation of the Tartaria ‘theory’ was thus the April 2018 forum post. Funnily enough, it is not cited often on Tartaria, but that subreddit was created on 27 December, long after discussion had been taking place on places like CulturalLayer, and combined with the ‘mudflood’ ‘theory’ and the notion of giant humans, which are not significant features of the StolenHistory thread. This more convoluted and multifaceted version of the Tartaria theory doesn’t really have a single-document articulation, hence me not covering it here.
It is this StolenHistory thread which I will be looking at here today. Not just because it seems to be at the heart of it all, but also because it got shut down around 36 hours ago as of writing this post, based on the timestamps of panicked ‘what happened to StolenHistory’ posts on CulturalLayer and Tartaria. So what better occasion to go back to the Wayback Machine’s version, seeing as it’s now quite literally impossible to brigade the source? Now as I’ve said, this is not the most batshit insane it gets for the Tartaria crowd, in fact it’s incredibly tame. But by the end of it, I bet you’ll be thinking ‘if this is mild, how much more worse is the modern stuff!?’ And the best part is, I can debunk most of it without recourse to any other sources at all, because so much of it involves them posting sources out of context or expecting them to be read tendentiously.
But that’s enough background. Let us begin.

## Part 1: The Existence

### Exhibit 1: The Encylcopædia Britannica, 1771

”Tartary, a vast country in the northern parts of Asia, bounded by Siberia on the north and west: this is called Great Tartary. The Tartars who lie south of Muscovy and Siberia, are those of Astracan, Circassia, and Dagistan, situated north-west of the Caspian-sea; the Calmuc Tartars, who lie between Siberia and the Caspian-sea; the Usbec Tartars and Moguls, who lie north of Persia and India; and lastly, those of Tibet, who lie north-west of China.” - Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol. III, Edinburgh, 1771, p. 887.
Starting a post about the ‘hidden’ history of Central Asia with an encyclopædia entry from Scotland is really getting off to a good start, isn’t it? Anyone with a sense of basic geography can tell you that Tibet lies due west of China, not northwest. But more importantly, this shows you how single-minded the Tartaria advocates are and how tendentiously they read things. ‘Country’ need not actually refer to a state entity, it can just be a geographical space, especially in more archaic contexts such as this. Moreover, the ethnographic division of the ‘Tartars’ into Astrakhanis, Circassians, Dagestanis, Kalmuks, Uzbeks, and, for whatever reason, Tibetans, pretty clearly goes against the notion of a unified Tartary.
Now compare to the description given by Wikipedia, ”Tartary (Latin: Tartaria) or Great Tartary (Latin: Tartaria Magna) was a name used from the Middle Ages until the twentieth century to designate the great tract of northern and central Asia stretching from the Caspian Sea and the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean, settled mostly by Turko-Mongol peoples after the Mongol invasion and the subsequent Turkic migrations.”
Obviously, Wikipedia is not a good source for… anything, really, but the fact that they’re giving a 349-year-old encyclopaedia primacy over the summary sentence of a wiki article is demonstrative of how much dishonesty is behind this. And it only gets worse from here.

### Exhibit 2: Hermann Moll’s A System of Geography, 1701

THE Country of Tartary, call'd Great Tartary, to distinguish it from the Lesser, in Europe, has for its Boundaries, on the West, the Caspian Sea, and Moscovitick Tartary; on the North, the Scythian, or Tartarian Sea; on the East, the Sea of the Kalmachites, and the Straight of Jesso; and on the South, China, India, or the Dominions of the great Mogul and Persia : So that it is apparently the largest Region of the whole Continent of Asia, extending it self [sic] farthest, both towards the North and East: In the modern Maps, it is plac'd within the 70th and 170th Degree of Longitude, excluding Muscovitick Tartary; as also between the 40 and 72 Degree of Northern Latitude.
Immediately underneath the scan of this text is the statement, clearly highlighted, that
Tartary was not a tract. It was a country.
Hmm, very emphatic there. Except wait no, the same semantic problem recurs. ‘Country’ need not mean ‘state’. Moreover, in the very same paragraph, Moll (or rather his translator) refers to Tartary as a ‘Region’, which very much disambiguates the idea. Aside from that, it is telling that Moll refers to three distinct ‘Tartaries’: ’Great Tartary’ in Asia, ‘Lesser Tartary’ in Europe, and ‘Muscovite Tartary’ – that is, the eastern territories of the Russian Tsardom. If, as they are saying, ‘Great Tartary’ was a coherent entity, whatever happened to ‘Lesser Tartary’?

### Exhibit 3: A 1957 report by the CIA on ‘National Cultural Development Under Communism’

Is a conspiracy theorist… actually believing a CIA document? Yep. I’ll add some context later that further complicates the issue.
Or let us take the matter of history, which, along with religion, language and literature, constitute the core of a people’s cultural heritage. Here again the Communists have interfered in a shameless manner. For example, on 9 August 1944, the Central Committee of the Communist Party, sitting in Moscow, issued a directive ordering the party’s Tartar Provincial Committee “to proceed to a scientific revolution of the history of Tartaria, to liquidate serious shortcomings and mistakes of a nationalistic character committed by individual writers and historians in dealing with Tartar history.” In other words, Tartar history was to be rewritten—let its be frank, was to be falsified—in order to eliminate references to Great Russian aggressions and to hide the facts of the real course of Tartar-Russian relations.
[similar judgement on Soviet rewriting of histories of Muslim areas to suit a pro-Russian agenda]
What’s fascinating about the inclusion of this document is that it is apparently often invoked as a piece of anti-Fomenko evidence, by tying New Chronology in with older Russian-nationalist Soviet revisionism. So not only is it ironic that they’re citing a CIA document, of all things, but a CIA document often used to undermine the spiritual founder of the whole Tartaria ‘theory’ in the first place! But to return to the point, the fundamental issue is that it’s tendentious. This document from 1957 obviously is not going to be that informed on the dynamics of Central Asian ethnicity and history in the way that a modern scholar would be.
In a broader sense, what this document is supposed to prove is that Soviet coverups are why we don’t know about Tartaria. But if most of the evidence came from Western Europe to begin with, why would a Soviet coverup matter? Why wasn’t Tartarian history deployed as a counter-narrative during the Cold War?

### Exhibit 4: ‘An 1855 Source’

This is from a footnote in Sir George Cornwalle Lewis’ An Inquiry into the Credibility of the Early Roman History, citing a travelogue by Evariste Huc that had been published in French in 1850 and was soon translated into English. From the digitised version of of Huc’s book on Project Gutenberg (emphasis copied over from the thread):
Such remains of ancient cities are of no unfrequent occurrence in the deserts of Mongolia; but everything connected with their origin and history is buried in darkness. Oh, with what sadness does such a spectacle fill the soul! The ruins of Greece, the superb remains of Egypt,—all these, it is true, tell of death; all belong to the past; yet when you gaze upon them, you know what they are; you can retrace, in memory, the revolutions which have occasioned the ruins and the decay of the country around them. Descend into the tomb, wherein was buried alive the city of Herculaneum,—you find there, it is true, a gigantic skeleton, but you have within you historical associations wherewith to galvanize it. But of these old abandoned cities of Tartary, not a tradition remains; they are tombs without an epitaph, amid solitude and silence, uninterrupted except when the wandering Tartars halt, for a while, within the ruined enclosures, because there the pastures are richer and more abundant.
There’s a paraphrase from Lewis as well, but you can just read it on the thread. The key thing here is that yes, there were abandoned settlements in the steppe. Why must this be indicative of a lost sedentary civilisation, and not instead the remnants of political capitals of steppe federations which were abandoned following those federations’ collapse? Places like Karakorum, Kubak Zar, Almaliq and Sarai were principally built around political functions, being centres for concentration of religious and ritual authority (especially monasteries) and stores of non-movable (or difficult to move) wealth. But individual examples of abandoned settlements are not evidence of broad patterns of settlement that came to be abandoned en masse. Indeed, the very fact that the cited shepherd calls the abandoned location ‘The Old Town’ in the singular implies just how uncommon such sites were – for any given region, there might really only be one of note.

### Exhibit 5: Ethnic characteristics in artistic depictions of Chinggis and Timur

I… don’t quite know what to make of these.
Today, we have certain appearance related stereotypes. I think we are very much off there. It looks like Tartary was multi-religious, and multi-cultural. One of the reasons I think so is the tremendous disparity between what leaders like Genghis Khan, Batu Khan, Timur aka Tamerlane looked like to the contemporary artists vs. the appearance attributed to them today.
Ummm, what?
These are apparently what they look like today. These are ‘contemporary’ depictions of Chinggis:
Except, as the guy posting the thread says, these are 15th-18th century depictions… so NOT CONTEMPORARY.
As for Timur, we have:
In what bizzaro world are these contemporary?
We’ll get to Batur Khan in a moment because that’s its own kettle of worms. But can this user not recognise that artists tend to depict things in ways that are familiar? Of course white European depictions of Chinggis and Timur will tend to make them look like white Europeans, while East Asian depictions of Chinggis will tend to make him look Asian, and Middle Eastern depictions of Chinggis and Timur will make them look Middle Eastern. This doesn’t prove that ‘Tartaria’ was multicultural, in fact it you’d have an easier time using this ‘evidence’ to argue that Chinggis and Timur were shapeshifters who could change ethnicities at will!

### Exhibit 6: Turkish sculptures

Why this person thinks modern Turkish sculptures are of any use to anyone baffles me. The seven sculptures shown are of Batu Khan (founder of the ‘Golden Horde’/Jochid khanates), Timur, Bumin (founder of the First Turkic Khaganate), Ertugrul (father of Osman, the founder of the Ottoman empire), Babur (founder of the Mughal Empire), Attila the Hun, and Kutlug Bilge Khagan (founder of the Uyghur Khaganate). They are accompanied (except in the case of Ertugrul) by the dates of the empires/confederations that they founded – hence, for instance, Babur’s dates being 1526 to 1858, the lifespan of the Mughal Empire, or Timur’s being 1368 (which seems arbitrary) to 1507 (the fall of Herat to the Shaybanids). To quote the thread:
A few of them I do not know, but the ones I do look nothing like what I was taught at school. Also dates are super bizarre on those plaques.
Again, Turkish sculptors make Turkic people look like Turks. Big surprise. And the dates are comprehensible if you just take a moment to think.
Do Turks know something we don't?
Turkish, evidently.

### Exhibit 7: A map from 1652 that the user can’t even read

The other reason why I think Tartary had to be multi-religious, and multi-cultural is its vastness during various moments in time. For example in 1652 Tartary appears to have control over the North America.
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/1652-nova-totius-terrarum-orbis-geographica-ac-hydrographica-tabula_1-1-jpg.37277/
This speaks for itself.
The thread was later edited to include a link to a post on ‘Tartarians’ in North America made on 7 August 2018, but that’s beside the point here, read at your own leisure (if you can call it ‘leisure’). Except for the part where at one point he admits he can’t read Latin, and so his entire theory in that post is based on the appearance of the word ‘Tartarorum’ in an unspecified context on a map of North America.

## Part 2: The Coverup

The official history is hiding a major world power which existed as late as the 19th century. Tartary was a country with its own flag, its own government and its own place on the map. Its territory was huge, but somehow quietly incorporated into Russia, and some other countries. This country you can find on the maps predating the second half of the 19th century.
…Okay then.

https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/tartary_ngram-jpg.37276/
This screenshot shows that the use of ‘Tartary’ and ‘Tartaria’ declined significantly over time. This is apparently supposed to surprise us. Or maybe it shows that we actually understand the region better…

## Part 1a: Back to the existence

You know, a common theme with historical conspiracy theories is how badly they’re laid out, in the literal sense of the layout of their documents and video content. Don’t make a header called ‘The Coverup’ and then only have one thing before jumping back to the evidence for the existence again.

### Exhibit 9: A Table

Yet, some time in the 18th century Tartary Muskovite was the biggest country in the world: 3,050,000 square miles.
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/tartary_huge-13-jpg.37329/
I do not have enough palms to slap into my face. Do they not understand that this is saying how much of Tartary was owned… by foreign powers?

### Exhibit 10: Book covers

You can look at the images on the thread itself but here’s a few highlights:
• 1654: Bellum Tartaricum, or the Conquest of China By the Invasion of the Tartars, who in the last seven years, have wholly subdued that empire
• 1670: Historia de la Conquista de la China por el Tartaro
Histories of the Qing conquest of China, because as far as Europeans were concerned the Manchus were Tartars. Proof of Tartaria because…?
• 1662: The Voyages and Travels of the Ambassadors of the Duke of Holstein, to the Great Duke of Muscovy, and the King of Persia… Containing a compleat History of Muscovy, Tartary, Persia, and Other Adjacent Countries…
An ambassador who never set foot in ‘Tartary’ itself, cool cool, very good evidence there.
There’s also three screenshots from books that aren’t even specifically named, so impossible to follow up. Clearly this is all we need.

### Exhibit 11: Maps

The maps are the key think the Tartaria pushers use. All these maps showing ‘Grand Tartary’ or ‘Tartaria’ or what have you. There’s 20 of these here and you can look for yourselves, but the key thing is: why do these people assume that this referred to a single state entity? Because any of these maps that include the world more generally will also present large parts of Africa in generic terms, irrespective of actual political organisation in these regions. And many of the later maps clearly show the tripartite division of the region into ‘Chinese Tartary’, ‘Russian Tartary’, and ‘Independent Tartary’, which you think would be clear evidence that most of this region was controlled by, well, the Chinese (really, the Manchus) and the Russians. And many of these maps aren’t even maps of political organisation, but geographical space. See how many lump all of mainland Southeast Asia into ‘India’. Moreover, the poor quality of the mapping should give things away. This one for instance is very clear on the Black Sea coast, but the Caspian is a blob, and moreover, a blob that’s elongated along the wrong axis! They’re using Western European maps as an indicator of Central Asian realities in the most inept way possible, and it would be sad if it weren’t so hilarious. The fact that the depictions of the size of Tartaria are incredibly inconsistent also seems not to matter.

### Exhibit 12: The Tartarian Language

There’s an 1849 American newspaper article referring to the ‘Tartarian’ language, which is very useful thank you, and definitely not more reflective of American ignorance than actual linguistic reality.
The next one is more interesting, because it’s from a translation of some writing by a French Jesuit, referring to the writing of Manchu, and who asserted (with very little clear evidence) that it could be read in any direction. In April last year, Tartaria users [claimed to have stumbled on a dictionary of Tartarian and French](np.reddit.com/Tartaria/comments/bi3aph/tartarian_language_dictionary/) called the Dictionnaire Tartare-Mantchou-François. What they failed to realise is that the French generally called the Manchus ‘Tartare-Mantchou’, and this was in fact a Manchu-French dictionary. In other words, a [Tartare-Mantchou]-[François] dictionary, not a [Tartare]-[Mantchou]-[François] dictionary. It is quite plausible, in fact probable, that the ‘Tartarian’ referred to in the newspaper article was Manchu.

### Exhibit 13: Genealogies of Tartarian Kings

Descended From Genghiscan
Reads the comment above this French chart. How the actual hell did OP not recognise that ‘Genghiscan’ is, erm, Genghis Khan? Is it that hard to understand that maybe, just maybe, ‘Tartars’ was what they called Mongols back in the day, and ‘Tartaria’ the Mongol empire and its remnants?

### Exhibit 14: Ethnographic drawings

These prove that there were people called Tartars, not that there was a state of Tartaria. NEXT

### Exhibit 15: Tartaria’s alleged flag

Images they provide include
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/tartary_flags-11-jpg.37367/
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/tartary_flag_6-jpg.37307/
Except there’s one problem. As any EU4 player will tell you, that’s the flag of the Khanate of Kazan. And while they can trot out a few 18th and 19th century charts showing the apparent existence of a Tartarian naval flag, the inconvenient fact that Tartaria would have been landlocked seems not to get in the way. To be sure, their consistent inclusion is odd, given the non-existence of Tartary as a country, and moreover its landlocked status. It seems plausible that the consistent similarity of the designs is just a result of constant copying and poor checking, but on its own it means relatively little.

### Exhibit 16: 19th-century racism

https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/flags_of_all_nations_1865-mongolian-1-jpg.37369/
That I think speaks for itself.

### Exhibit 17: Flags of Moscow on one particular chart

It is also worth mentioning that in the British Flag Table of 1783, there are three different flags listed as a flag of the Tsar of Moscow. There is also an Imperial Flag of Russia as well as multiple naval flags. And all of them are proceeded by a flag of the Viceroy of Russia.
By that logic, the Royal Navy ran Britain because the Royal Navy ensigns precede the Union Jack. It’s simply a conscious decision to show the flags of individuals before the flags of states. The ‘Viceroy’ (unsure what the original Russian title would be) and ‘Czar’ of Muscovy would presumably be, well, the Emperor of Russia anyway, so as with the British section where the Royal Standard and the flags of naval officers came first, the same seems true of Russia. Also, as a side note, the placement of the USA at the end, after the Persians, the Mughals and ‘Tartarians’, is a fun touch.
Significance of the Viceroy is in the definition of the term. A viceroy is a regal official who runs a country, colony, city, province, or sub-national state, in the name of and as the representative of the monarch of the territory. Our official history will probably say that it was the Tsar of Russia who would appoint a viceroy of Moscow. I have reasons to doubt that.
Why is the flag of the Viceroy of Moscow positioned prior to any other Russian flag? Could it be that the Viceroy of Moscow was superior to its Czar, and was "supervising" how this Tartarian possession was being run?
No.

### Part 3: 1812

This, this is where it gets really bonkers. A key part of this post is arguing that Napoleon’s invasion of Russia was a cover story for a joint invasion against Tartaria gone horrendously wrong. All the stops are being pulled out here.
There is a growing opinion in Russia that French invasion of Russia played out according to a different scenario. The one where Tsar Alexander I, and Napoleon were on the same side. Together they fought against Tartary. Essentially France and Saint Petersburg against Moscow (Tartary). And there is a strong circumstantial evidence to support such a theory.
Oh yes, we’re going there.
1. Saint Petersburg was the capitol of Russia. Yet Napoleon chose to attack Moscow. Why?
He didn’t, he was trying to attack the Russian army. (credit to dandan_noodles).
2. It appears that in 1912 there was a totally different recollection of the events of 1812. How else could you explain commemorative 1912 medals honoring Napoleon?
Because it’s a bit of an in-your-face to Napoleon for losing so badly?
And specifically the one with Alexander I, and Napoleon on the same medal. The below medal says something similar to, "Strength is in the unity: will of God, firmness of royalty, love for homeland and people"
Yeah, it’s showing Alexander I beating Napoleon, and a triumphant double-headed Russian eagle above captured French standards. Also, notice how Alexander is in full regalia, while Napoleon’s is covered up by his greatcoat?
3. Similarity between Russian and French uniforms. There are more different uniforms involved, but the idea remains, they were ridiculously similar.
Ah yes, because fashions in different countries always develop separately, and never get influenced by each other.
How did they fight each other in the dark?
With difficulty, presumably.
Basically, he’s saying that this: https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/1_rus-jpg.37322/
Is too similar to this: https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/1_rus-jpg.37322/
To be coincidental.
OK, whatever. Here’s where it gets interesting:
There was one additional combat asset officially available to Russians in the war of 1812. And that was the Militia. It does appear that this so-called Militia, was in reality the army of Tartary fighting against Napoleon and Alexander I.
Russian VolunteeMilitia Units... Tartarians?
Clearly this man has never encountered the concept of a cossack, an opelchenie, or, erm, a GREATCOAT.
4. Russian nobility in Saint Petersburg spoke French well into the second half of the 19th century. The general explanation was, that it was the trend of time and fashion. Google contains multiple opinions on the matter. * Following the same logic, USA, Britain and Russia should've picked up German after the victory in WW2.
Clearly never heard of the term lingua franca then.
5. This one I just ran into: 19th-century fans were totally into a Napoleon/Alexander romance
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/treaties_of_tilsit_miniature_-france-_1810s-_side_a-jpg.37314/
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/napoleonxalexander2-jpg.37310/
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/napoleon-alexander-jpg.37312/
It is true that after the Treaty of Tilsit, Napoleon wrote to his wife, Josephine, that
I am pleased with [Emperor] Alexander; he ought to be with me. If he were a woman, I think I should make him my mistress.
But Napoleon’s ‘honeymoon period’ with Russia following the Treaty of Tilsit should not be seen as indicative of a permanent Napoleonic affection for Russia. Notably, Napoleon’s war with Russia didn’t just end in 1812. How are the Tartaria conspiracists going to explain the War of the Sixth Coalition, when Russian, Prussian and Austrian troops drove the French out of Germany? Did the bromance suddenly stop because of 1812? Or, is it more reasonable to see 1812 as the end result of the bromance falling apart?

## Conclusions

So there you have it, Tartaria in all its glorious nonsensicalness. Words cannot capture how massively bonkers this entire thing is. And best of all, I hardly needed my own sources because so much of it is just a demonstration of terrible reading comprehension. Still, if you want to actually learn about some of the history of Inner Eurasia, see below:

#### Bibliography

• The Cambridge History of Inner Asia – 2 volumes so far, covering up to 1886. Not really a single contiguous narrative, as each chapter has its own individual author, but a good general coverage.
• Scott C. Levi, The Bukharan Crisis: A Connected History of 18th Century Central Asia (2020) – A book about actual Central Asian history, focussing on the global and local factors that led to the weakening and collapse of the Chinggisid state in Bukhara and the rise of the Uzbek-led Emirate. Also a very good historiographical examination of lay understandings of the period.
• Mark C. Elliott, ‘The Limits of Tartary: Manchuria in Imperial and National Geographies’, The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 59, No. 3 (2000) – A discussion of conceptions of Manchuria by Manchu, Chinese, Japanese and European cartographers and geographers, with the section on European geographers being important for getting at the ‘Tartary’ aspect.
• David Christian, ‘Inner Eurasia as a Unit of World History’, Journal of World History, Vol. 5, No. 2 (1994) – A somewhat older view, presenting Inner Eurasia as a distinct unit in world history, but largely in terms of effects on the rest of Eurasia.
• Nicola di Cosmo, ‘State Formation and Periodization in Inner Asian History’, Journal of World History, Vol.10, No.1 (1999) – A partial response to Christian, offering an alternate periodisation based more on the internal dynamics of nomadic state formations and stressing viewing Inner Asian history in terms of those internal dynamics, rather than relegating it to a subordinate place in the histories of ‘Outer Eurasian’, sedentary states.
• Konstantin Sheiko, ‘Lomonosov’s Bastards: Anatolii Fomenko, Pseudo-History and Russia’s Search for a Post-Communist Identity’ [PhD Thesis] (2004) – Specifically deconstructs Fomenko’s version of Tartaria.

2020.08.20 20:41 Changeling_Wil Greeks are just Baltic people wearing funny hats

So, long story short I had been discussing hyperborea with a friend. As in 'the classical myth' not the neo-pagan/neo-nazi/neo-fascist insanity.
Afterwards I thought to myself 'I don't actually know that much about how much the ancient Greeks knew about the baltic, I should google it'.
First thing google brings me is a site going on about 'the baltic greeks exposed'. It was wild. Anyway, I think 'oh I could make a badhistory post about this' but now the site doesn't exist/when you try to access it it just wants you to buy the domain.
Thankfully wayback is here to help https://web.archive.org/web/20200305042946/http://siegekultur.biz/the-baltic-greek-expose/
So first things first: They have no footnotes or bibliography. This is a big yikes.
Before I properly start this groundbreaking work off, I should mention that, in order to fully understand it, you should at the very least have a basic understanding of Felice Vinci’s earth shattering book, “The Baltic Origins of Homer’s Epic Tales”.
Now, annoyingly I couldn't find any reviews of this over on jstor so I'm forced to look elsewhere for reviews of the work .http://www.paabo.ca/reviews/BalticHomericVinci.html
But from looking around it seems the work tends to cherry pick and focus on evidence that supports its theory instead of actually judging the evidence and details offered by the source material.
So that's a big yikes there.
Circa 1800 BC, a large group of people from the modern day Baltic Sea, namely the states of Lithuania and Latvia, formed a mighty civilization. While they often fought, their technological advances were amazing. Eventually, the Balts moved southward through the Dnieper river, for reasons unknown. Eventually, they reached the Black Sea and the Aegean sea, forming what would eventually become Greece. They conquered and subjugated the locals, hereafter referred to as ethnic Greeks, and imposed their history on them.
I...is this The Finno-Korean Hyperwar?
I'll admit I'm no scholar of the Baltic in the classical/ancient period but as far as I'm aware, there was no 'grand technologically advanced baltic state' there as much as the Waring baltic tribes with the germanic ones to the west of them? Feel free to correct me.
Also, 1800bc? As in the 18th century BC? Before the Greek Dark Ages and the Dorian invasions? Weird place to put your population movement theory. I'm not sure on the exacts but aren't the Ionians and Aeolians fully moved in by the 16th century BC? Or at least settled there before the Dorians later punt them about.
The stories of the Balts, hereafter referred to as Baltic Greeks, eventually became legend, and the Baltic Greek caste partially forgot their ways, and believed that the stories that had been passed down to them had taken place in the Mediterranean, when they had actually taken place in the Baltic Sea. An author, Homer, eventually wrote these down circa 800 BC, confusing ancient Baltic cities such as Troy for places in the mediterranean, and believing that great Baltic Kings like Agamemnon were Greek. This is where I depart from Felice Vinci. I know that the priest subcaste of the Baltic Greeks never truly forgot their ancestral home. The priests were the last to agree to leave the ancient Baltic land, and their undying dream was to see their new home, Greece, joined in a mighty empire stretching to their ancient home in the Baltics.
Like...where are you getting this? At all? You had one (sketchy and not using evidence correctly) book to support your first bit. But where are you getting any evidence for 'they were the last to leave'.
The Baltic Greek priests knew that powerful secrets existed in ancient Hyperborea, which they believed could help them rule the known world. They believed that Hyperborea was located either in the Baltics, or very close by.
I...if they didn't forget their history and used to live there, surely they'd know if it was or wasn't in the baltic?
So, the priests had to bide their time. Decades turned to centuries, and the Baltic Greek priests were still plotting as to how they would regain the Baltics, when a potential puppet came to power in what was now called Macedonia, namely king Amyntas III, in 393 BC. [...]Amyntas III presented a rare opportunity for the Baltic Greek priests: he was a Baltic Greek nationalist, and a strong military leader. [...] they would wait until the time was right, and Amyntas would share the knowledge of the Baltic homeland with his sons. One of them, or one of their descendants, was to retake the Baltics whenever possible.
What can be presented without evidence can be dismissed without evidence.
This being said: No, Amyntas III was not a baltic-greek nationalist. Putting aside the issue of using the term nationalist for classical material...just no. The fuck.
Alexander was taught the Baltic Greek secrets as soon as he could talk, and he made their retaking his life’s goal. However, as Alexander and his father both grew older, they realized their problem: the other Greek states wished to invade Persia, and they would have never supported a seemingly haphazard expedition north, through completely uncharted territory. Alexander, Philip, and the priests were unwilling to tell the other major greek states about the ancient home in the Baltics, if they did, the ancillary Greek states may have attempted to get there first.
'The Greeks wouldn't want to march north if we didn't tell them because they want to invade rich Persia, if we told them they'd ignore persia and march into the frozen north on the off chance the land that clearly wasn't great because we moved from it exists'.
What.
Philip II and Alexander both knew that the earth was round, but were unaware of the circumference of the earth, and they did not know of the large bodies of water and other continents. So, their plan was this: they would form a league, known as the league of Corinth, which was made of many Greek States. They would declare war on the Persian Empire, and defeat them, and would continue with their conquests until they eventually circled around the earth and reached the Baltics.
'People don't want to march far from home into the great unknown. We'll make them march far from home into the great unknown'.
Poison was placed in Alexander’s wine, and he died after 10 days of agony. Alexander’s reported last words were that his empire should go “to the strongest”, but this is not true. His real last words certified that his unborn son should take the throne. The Generals knew that allowing another Baltic Greek from the bloodline of Alexander would be disastrous. So, they themselves took over various parts of Alexander’s empire, knowing that, as seperate states, it’d be harder for the Baltic Greeks to take over all of their land.
If Alexander was poisoned, had fever, drank too much etc is still disputed.
50 years after this, ethnic Greeks in Italy finalized their complete victory over the native Etruscans. They formed a mighty Republic, eventually an empire, that was by and large free of Baltic Greek taint.
I'm sorry when the fuck did Rome become Greek. Rome, the great Latin power. Did this guy just hear that Greeks lived in Magna Gracia and went ham? Are the baltic greeks meant to be the 'proud wise rulers' or an 'evil taint'? Is this fascist doublethink or not? I'm confused.
As you all know, their empire degenerated badly, and eventually a Baltic Greek was allowed to take control of the Roman Empire, a man by the name of Tarasis Kodisa Rousombladadiotes, later to be known as the Emperor Zeno. By this time, almost all Baltic Greeks, who were then and are now about 10% of the total Greek population, knew of the ancient homeland in the Baltics. Under Zeno, the once great empire was Hellenized, and their unspoken goal was to take the Baltics. This was the true goal of what was now called the Byzantine Empire for nearly 1000 years. The Byzantines, however, were constantly rebuffed in their attempts by the heroic efforts of the Bulgarians, Germans, and Persians, among others.
Okay so first off:
• The famous 'last roman [debatable as fuck] Emperor is Justinian I who comes in after Zeno.
• If you're gonna pick someone for 'greek influences' why not go with Hadrian?
Man the Byzantines must have really sucked at reading maps then, huh? Reclaiming north africa, Italy, bits of Spain, fighting off Persians and Turks in Anatolia, trying to keep the bulgarians and Balkans controlled. Not really a path to the baltic.
The only bright spot in Byzantine history, which was full of typical Baltic Greek atrocities and greed, was the Emperor Justinian, the final Ethnic Greek Emperor of Rome. 50 years after the hostile takeover of the Roman Empire by the Baltic Greeks, the Emperor Justinian ceased any foolish attempts to invade the north, instead regaining the Byzantine Empire’s rightful land in the Mediterranean.
...
I'm sorry what? An illyrian who spoke Latin natively is the 'last ethnic greek'?
there was not a single Ethnic Greek crowned Emperor from Justinian’s death in 565, to the final fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453.
I mean... in the sense of 'they're Romans, not Greeks' he's not wrong.
A majorly important event, unbeknownst to the Baltic Greeks at large at the time, occurred in 1230 AD. [...]somehow, this insane priest walked 750 miles north, to Transylvania, which at the time was the home of the heavily Germanic Teutonic Knights.
Andrew II of Hungary expelled them from transylvania in 1225.
He again survived the perilous journey back home, and gave the texts personally to the Byzantine Emperor John III. Emperor John took these texts to his greatest alchemists, but they informed the Emperor that they would take 250 years to decipher.
That's now how translating texts works. That's not how it works at all!
The Empire would not last that long. The Turks from the east slowly but surely took Byzantine land from them, until the Baltic Greeks were left with only the city of Constantinople to call their own.
We just ignoring the Despotate of the Morea here? The one that didn't fall till 1460?
a Baltic Greek defector informed the Ottoman Turkish Emperor Mehmed II of the entire Baltic Greek history, and the maps that were nearly fully deciphered, that would lead to the Byzantines potentially taking over the known world. Mehmed could not allow this, and he decided to attack Constantinople.
Dude, you've made a massive deal about how hard it is to march from Greece to the Baltics. How the hell were the Byzantines going to do that in 1453? With or without maps?
Constantine XI, the final Byzantine emperor, would not allow the loss of the last possible aid for the Baltic Greeks. So, right before the city fell, Constantine left the city under cover of darkness, and fled to a cave, where Baltic Greeks believe he became a Marble Emperor, who will one day, when Greece and the Baltics are under the same Baltic Greek flag, arise and rule the world, providing the needed map to Hyperborea.
That's not how the marble emperor myth works. An angel stole him away and hid him in a cave as a statue till he'll one day return to unite the Greeks.
32 years later, in 1485, Christopher Columbus had an idea. A Baltic Greek himself, the descendant of the still-extant Italian Griko community, he knew that things were desperate. Columbus wished to help his people dominate the world, and he set out to do the only thing he could think of: like Alexander, he would set out to circumnavigate the world, and find a new route to the Baltics. He wished to find a route above Russia, that would lead him straight to the Baltics, which he planned to, at a later date, attempt to capture with a Baltic Greek force.
• route above russia
• sails west
Man the people in his story really don't know how to go places do they. Does he have the same issue following directions? Does he end up in the bathroom when trying to get to the kitchen?
The Baltic Greeks came to view Columbus as a traitor, and they became stagnant for many years, secretly dominating the culture of other countries such as Italy and Russia, the latter of whom they had spread their Orthodox ‘Religion’ to.
The Rus started to convert to Orthodoxy in the 10th century. Officially. Unofficially it's older.
Also note that we've gone from 'baltic priests keep their old religion alive and it mingles with hellenic' [no shit they're both from indo-european roots] to 'baltic priests made the orthodox church'.
[...]
Sadly, Napoleon was defeated by the crafty tactics of the Baltic Greeks
[Confused British noises]
After 8 long years, the Greek forces had won, and a king was to be chosen. They chose a German, Otto, of House Wittelsbach. Many people then, and to this day, have asked why this was done. It’s obvious when you think about it. If a Baltic Greek was made King, just like the Byzantine emperors many years prior, he would have been obsessed with openly capturing the Baltics, which would have been potentially disastrous to Baltic Greek plans. So, a hapless German Royal was chosen, allowing the Baltic Greeks to operate in the shadows.
...
Honestly I'm expecting them to say that Baltic Greeks are lizardmen.
Otto was related (somewhat) to the Komnenos and Laskaris dynasties via his ancestor John II (John's maternal grandmother's mother's father's mother was Maria Laskarina whose mother was the daughter of Alexios III Angelos whose father was Andronikos Doukas Angelos whose mother was Theodora Komnene who was one of the daughters of Alexios I Komnenos). A Monarchy was decided upon and chosen without the input of Greeks.
[...] side note: similar to jewesses, Baltic Greek girls are trained from birth to use their looks and charms to try and ensnare powerful men in their trap)
Ah, it's a neo-nazi. Gotcha.
The Baltic Greeks also wanted Russia to lose, and they sent their Orthodox Christian lackey Grigori Rasputin to ensure that this would happen.
No conspiracy theory is complete without Rasputin, is it?
The Baltic Greeks would easily be able to dominate Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia, as they are taught all three languages surreptitiously by their parents.
Knowing a language doesn't make you king of places. I'm not the bloody king of England just because my parents and schooling system taught me English. If I ran around saying I can dominate a small bit of France because I know some French, they'd call me a loony. Supreme executive power derives from a mandate from the masses not from linguistic expertise.
The Baltic Greeks were soundly defeated by 1922, and the 1,000,000 Greek interlopers in Turkey were finally kicked out for good.
...are we calling 'ethnic cleansing and population transfers' 'cleaning up interlopers' or am I misunderstanding this?
n the Jewish Communist state known as the Soviet Union
Why do these crazy people always end up being Nazis?
His plan was to make the Soviet Union into a death machine
Why hi there black book of communism.
Hitler knew about the Hyperborean magic that Baltic Greek Stalin wished to harness
Are we in an anime now? Is it magic hitler v technocrat mecha Stalin time? Is Cyborg FDR going to fight tentacle-girl Hirohito? Was WW2 a harem anime with Churchill as the star?
1939 came along, and Mussolini, although he was a great man, made a mistake.
'Great man' is a weird way to spell 'fascist that ended up dangling upside down after being torn to pieces by the people'.
That same year, Stalin invaded all three Baltic States, and the ancient Baltic Satellite state of Finland.
The fins aren't baltic and we're ignoring the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact now?
Hitler’s attack on the Soviet Union seemed bound for success, and he soon took back the Baltics, and appointed Alfred Rosenberg to lead them. But, there was a menace far to the west: Franklin D. Roosevelt, himself a Baltic Greek
...
He sided with the Baltic Greeks Stalin and Roosevelt. Initially, he wished for peace after the German victory in France, but Stalin and Roosevelt blackmailed him with secrets involving his various affairs, and he was forced to stay in the war.
You're confusing Churchill with Halifax.
Enver Hoxha, the Heroic head of Albania, knew about the Baltic Greek menace. He split with the USSR when he found out about it, and afterwards he opposed them at every turn.
This guy is both pro Hoxha and pro-hitler.
I don't get it.
But they are still used. Young Albanian teens use them to make love in, often resulting in pregnancy. Hoxha’s spirit sees this, and smiles at the copulating couples, knowing that his dream is still alive, and that the great Albanian race will continue to exist.
Wait, it was Albanian nationalism all along?
As you may see, the Albanians are possibly the last great hope for us all. Someday, I hope to live there in peace, after my victory against the Baltic Greeks. That day may never come, but it is my dream, my desire, my very essence lives in Albania. [...] I have recently acquired a gorgeous Albanian bride, and she is currently pregnant with my first Albanian Son, who I shall name Adolf Enver. I have acquired multiple shirts with the Albanian flag on them, and I shall wear them exclusively until my last day.
Oh, so he's not even Albanian.
Also 'acquired' by the emperor they're your spouse not a potted plant.
Some of you may ask if my motto is still “88”, for Heil Hitler. The answer is yes and no. To me, 88 is still my motto, but it stands for something else: still H and H, but now it is Hitler and Hoxha.
I...what?
Hitlerism with albanian characteristics? We must secure bunkers for the race to continue?
Baltic Greeks by and large blend in with the average Greek population, yet they are generally less Swarthy. There are two major strains of Baltic Greeks, the Latvian Baltic Greeks, and the Lithuanian Baltic Greeks.
Breaking news! Estonia doesn't real.
Just...what.
Bibliography
• Angold, Michael, The Byzantine empire 1025-1204, A Political History (London: Longman, 1984)
• Chadwick, John, The Mycenaean World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976)
• Green, Peter Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age: A Short Story (London: Phoenix, 2008)
• Kaldellis, Anthony, Romanland, Ethnicity and Empire in Byzantium (London: Harvard University Press, 2015)
• Nicol, Donald M., The Immortal Emperor: The Life and Legend of Constantine Palaiologos, Last Emperor of the Romans (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992)
• Photeine, Konstantopoulou, The foundation of the modern Greek state: Major treaties and conventions, 1830-1947 (Kastaniotis Editions, 1999)
• Runciman, Steven, The Lost Capital of Byzantium: The History of Mistra and the Peloponnese (New York: Tauris Parke Paperbacks, 1980)
• Urban, William, The Teutonic Knights: A Military History (London: Greenhill Books, 2003)

2020.08.17 22:45 AmericanNewt8 What you [might] need to know about South Korea's ludicrous arms buildup

This is my first shot at an effortpost; the prologue is probably too long, but whatever. It did take a lot of effort, at least, and it is a post--ergo, effortpost. Also it's a break from nonstop Biden coverage so that should at least count for something.

# Prologue:

A long time ago in a peninsula far far away [from the US, anyway] there was a bit of a scuffle called the Korean War. It's not like, a huge event, but you've probably heard of it. Anyways, since the war "ended", South Korea has been frozen in a conflict with its northern neighbor, generally called "North Korea". Frozen is, of course, a relative term. Cross-border clashes and raids have been frequent occurences throughout the seventy or so years since the war ended. Of particular note are the Blue House Raid and the resulting abortive South Korean response in Unit 684 [mostly remembered for spawning an excellent--or at least highly profitable--action film,since the original idea sounded like a film pitch anyway], the Korean Axe Murder Incident/Operation Paul Bunyan, the ROKS Cheonan sinking and the Bombardment of Yeonpyeong. So, basically, South Korea is kept on a perpetual war footing, and has always devoted a significant portion of its resources to defense--a share which, until relatively recently, was actually shrinking due to the massive growth of the South Korean economy, which has gone from being pretty much the poorest country in the world immediately after the Korean War to one of its richest. I'm also going to give a rundown on some other things regarding South Korea specifically from an IGeopolitical/Military standpoint.

Foreign Relations
By far South Korea's most significant foreign relationship is with the United States, and it dominates every other relationship it has. For decades South Korea relied on the United States for defense, and it still does, to an extent--though US Forces Korea is now greatly diminished from its height, down to around 25,000 troops, they play a vital role in Korean defense. In particular, they run/ran most of South Korea's command-and-control and signals infrastructure, and the US maintains operational control in war, though what exactly this means these days is unclear [and it almost certainly involves heavy collaboration with the South Korean government, with a South Korean general being the second-in-command of Combined Forces Korea]. Korea's relationship with the US is thus dominated by security issues, though economic issues have some modest importance.

South Korea's relationships with its more immediate neighbors are generally speaking more complex. South Korea maintains excellent terms with China, its key economic partner, but is more than a little nervous of China's power. This has been greatly aided by the growth of South Korean cultural influence in China and a shift in attitudes in China towards neutrality, if not an outright pro-South position regarding inter-peninsular disputes, among the leadership--which views North Korea as more an irritant than anything else. China's military [particularly naval] buildup, however, is one key factor behind South Korea's rapid development of its naval capabilities in particular.

Japan, on the other hand, looks like a natural ally for South Korea on paper. It's economically powerful, enough to offset China, is nervous about North Korea, and is even more deeply tied into the US alliance system than South Korea is. They're even both maritime powers. However, in a sad moment for those following the realist school of thought, this is simply not the case. In particular, two issues constantly cause problems in the Japanese-South Korean relationship. First is the outstanding territorial dispute over the Dokdos/Liancourt Rocks. While these rocks are, well, rocks, Japan has a tendency to get very aggressive over uninhabited islands. They are, for the record, sort of inhabited--there's a South Korean coast guard post on the islands, so they are occupied. Second are lingering sores from the Japanese colonization of Korea--in particular those atrocities committed during the Second World War, such as the Japanese use of forced prostitution of Koreans and forced labor for Japanese corporations. As a general rule of thumb, the relationship with Japan is probably the most political of any of South Korea's international relationships, with South Korean conservatives working to paper over any problems with Japan while South Korean liberals take a nationalistic stance on the issue, as can be seen by the recent souring of relations between the two nations. In addition, the United States has generally played a key role keeping South Korea-Japan disputes under wraps and quiet, but recently, with the Foreign Service gutted, has been largely unable or unwilling to do so.

South Korea's relationship with Russia is also interesting and worthy of some note here, and largely dates back to the 1980s and 1990s, when South Korea was a major trade partner for Russia and accepted military equipment in exchange for debt forgiveness in a classic post-Soviet move. Since then, Russia and South Korea have done a decent amount of business, but the two nations have also collaborated extensively on defense. In particular, South Korea's short-range ballistic missiles use Russian technology from the Iskander, and South Korea is building/developing surface-to-air missiles based off of Russian S-300/400 technology. South Korea is also working to build submarine-launched ballistic missiles based off of this same Russian missile technology. In return, Russia has generally avoided new sales of arms or increases in trade relations with North Korea--not that the North has any money with which to do either of those things with anyhow.

South Korea's relationship with North Korea is... problematic, and some might say nonexistent. While North Korea and South Korea have repeatedly reconciled, doing so has seldom generated practical results, as can be clearly seen by North Korea's acquisition of nuclear weapons despite decades of diplomatic efforts and North Korea's continued aggression towards the South, most recently blowing up a liason office with the North. In sum, I wouldn't expect the long-held pattern of reconciliation and breakup to halt anytime soon.

Military
The South Korean Armed Forces are largely staffed by conscripts, numbering about 600,000, and consist of several branches, basically organized in the exact same style as the United States. There is the ROKA [Republic of Korea Army], ROKN [Republic of Korea Navy], ROKAF [Republic of Korea Air Force] and ROKMC [Republic of Korea Marine Corps]. ROKA is by far the largest service branch, with over 450,000 members, and is usually the destination of conscripts--however, the ROKN and ROKAF are where a lot of new investment is going, and the ROKMC may play a vital role in any war as well. In essence, the South Korean Armed Forces aim to stop any North Korean attack and then, with US assistance, launch a counteroffensive into North Korea. This, however, ends up being much more aggressive than it sounds.

South Korea has invested into thousands of ballistic and cruise missile systems, more than North Korea possesses, with the aim of being able to disable North Korean artillery and ballistic missile systems in the opening moves of any conflict. This is especially important because North Korea possesses thousands of artillery pieces in range of northern Seoul suburbs. Though casualty estimates are generally exaggerated [it takes a lot more than what North Korea has to turn Seoul into a "sea of fire"] RAND has estimated that such a strike could potentially cause tens of thousands of deaths and hundreds of thousands of casualties. Note that while RAND estimates with high-explosive, North Korea possesses a substantial chemical weapons arsenal--but it's likely to actually be less effective than high-explosive except as a terror weapon. Chemical weapons come with serious problems--mustard agents have fatality rates so low, even when used in WWI, that some questioned whether they should be viewed as lethal weapons at all, and nerve gas has... mixed results, as Aum Shrinkyo would tell you.

South Korea has also invested billions of dollars into developing advanced ground capabilities, developing some of the world's best ground military equipment, which are now beginning to see some success. It has also been investing a large quantity of money into a massive naval buildup, an indigenous stealthy jet fighter, and other technologies.

Other things that should be noted are numerous, but some of the most important are:
• Both Koreas, but particularly the South, place high value on the amphibious landing as a result of Inchon
• Both Koreas heavily value indirect fire, from artillery, and, in the case of the South, air support
• North Korea has essentially no or minimal air and naval capabilities
• Neither Korea has great strategic depth, which places both nations at high risk from their neighbors forces
In sum, the armed forces of South Korea are some of the world's most powerful, and they're only strengthening. By the end of the decade, my suspicion is that [barring a sudden increase in effectiveness by India, or Japan abandoning its 1% hold] South Korea will be the worlds third or fourth most powerful military. Not the UK, not France, perhaps not even Russia--no, South Korea.

Weapons of Mass Destruction
In the early 1970s, South Korea first ventured into the area of WMDs. When the US, under Jimmy Carter, announced its intention to withdraw from South Korea, the South's security situation looked grim--and, as a result, like any sensible dictator would do, Park Chung-he decided to start researching nuclear weapons. This did end up accomplishing its goal, after a fashion. Though South Korea never got the nuclear reprocessing facility it wanted, it did, in exchange for ending its nuclear program and signing the Non-Proliferation Treaty, both ensure that American troops remained in South Korea and that the United States would offer South Korea commercial nuclear technology, an area in which it had great success. However, South Korea also devoted a substantial amount of effort to evading IAEA safeguards and bans in its Section 123 [nuclear cooperation with the US] agreement. In particular, in the early 1980s South Korean scientists worked to extract plutonium in what basically amounted to laboratory-scale reprocessing, and in 2000 South Korean scientists enriched a small amount of uranium to near-weapons-grade with lasers.

In addition to this foray into nuclear research, South Korea is believed [to the point it's considered an open secret] to have possessed a substantial arsenal of chemical weapons, mostly nerve gas. However, it has ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention and no longer possesses any stockpiles, those stockpiles having been destroyed some time ago. In fact, South Korea officially never had chemical weapons and was only referred to as an "unspecified state party" in official records by the OPCW.

Things really started picking up around ten years ago, after the ROKS Cheonan sinking and the Bombardment of Yeonpyeong. Defense spending has grown at more than 7% some years. However, the next decade looks to be taking things to a whole new level. The next few years see spending rising by nearly double-digit percentage points. Procurement is to hit almost $20 billion a year--more than that of the UK, significantly more when adjusted for PPP. It should also be noted that South Korea builds things, by Western standards, at very low prices. The Sejong the Great class, for instance, broadly comparable to an American Arleigh Burke class [minus the knackering of the AN/SPY-1 that the US has done to Korean and Japanese AEGIS destroyers], comes in at half the price, despite having a run of three ships rather than over sixty. Major projects that South Korea is working on in the next decade include: So, basically, South Korea is building an absolutely massive military, at high speed. This leaves us with two questions, having solved the what--we move onto why South Korea is doing this. There are, broadly speaking, two reasons. First, South Korea is trapped in one of the world's worst security situations. All of its neighbors are potentially hostile threats--Japan and China particularly in the maritime theater, and North Korea, of course, on land. South Korea's primary ally, the United States, is increasingly erratic and has serious deficiencies in its operational capability [this might be another effortpost--the US Navy has serious problems on its hands]. It's only natural that South Korea build up a massive army to deter these threats. Even though it can never hope to defend against China, for instance, it can make itself difficult enough to defeat that China is unwilling to confront it, and have enough force to convince Japan and China that assertions of military power against it are unwise. In addition, South Korea must tailor its situation to North Korea in particular, and has spent a great deal of time developing a strategy that focuses primarily on violent retaliation in case of North Korean provocation and that can destroy North Korean ballistic missiles at varying stages--for various reasons, North Korean missiles are actually fairly vulnerable to attack, and South Korea aims to destroy them, if not on the ground, then in the air. Finally, South Korea is in part building up in direct response to the massive increase in Chinese military capabilities, particularly in naval and air domains, which have begun to trigger a general arms race in East Asia that is probably the largest and most significant since the Cold War [and the largest naval arms race since before WWI, in my reckoning]. Second, though, is more interesting. This military buildup has to do with South Korea's assertion of its position as a middle [if not great, perhaps only held back from that by its mightier neighbors] power. In, say, 2000, Korea was largely still a nobody. But now--you might routinely encounter people who watch kpop, eat Korean food, want to go on holiday to Korea, or so on. Korea has extended its diplomatic ties with virtually the entire world, having trade agreements with pretty much everyone. Its defense exports are proving quite successful, particularly in Southeast Asia and Latin America, but even in markets traditionally dominated by France, Russia, and the United States. In particular, South Korea, under more liberal governance, has seen its sovereignty abridged by the continuing legacies of the defense relationship with America, and has sought constantly to readjust that relationship so that South Korea is the superior partner. # Effects: Most directly, this military buildup is likely going to seriously freak out North Korea, at least if the North has any sense at all. The North has basically no way to counter this buildup, and it will likely result in a whole host of additional problems for their defense situation. For instance, North Korea will have to assume that in any war they would have to deal with a brigade or divisional size amphibious assault, that their artillery may prove itself ineffective, and that it may not even be able to launch its ballistic missile systems. This is likely to have two consequences. First, North Korea will become increasingly unlikely to use armed force to provoke the South, as was the case in 2010 with the ROKS Cheonan sinking and the Bombardment of Yeonpyeong. Doing so would invite retaliation which North Korea has no capacity to respond to. Second, though, is that if war does break out, it will become substantially more likely that North Korea decides to use its nukes in a very early stage for fear of losing that capability--but I actually have my doubts as to whether North Korea would ever launch nukes at all, because at no stage would doing so benefit their position. The US-Korea relationship will likely change, not necessarily for the better or worse, though. To put things very crudely and in Cold War terms, my suspicion is that in the long term Korea will play the France to Japan's UK. However, the US is going to continue to share significant common interests with South Korea, besides the significant cultural and economic ties, and I think the relationship will continue on quite healthily, and, indeed, more balanced than before. I also suspect that the US is going to become much more amicable about selling South Korea advanced military capabilities than before, largely because South Korea has yet [as far as public knowledge is concerned] to clandestinely reexport these technologies, as some of our... less friendly allies have done, and because allowing South Korea more military capabilities serves US interests. In fact, we've already seen this with the US systematically tossing every single restriction on South Korea's ballistic missile program in recent years, along with the sale of AEGIS and the AN/SPY-1. China is not going to be very happy about this at all, but I think that the most likely consequence of this is that China will push to expand its armed forces even further in an effort to compensate for this buildup, along with increased capabilities developed across East Asia. Japan is also not likely to be particularly keen on this, seeing as it's not on the best of terms with Korea of late and their armed forces have not exactly had an amicable relationship. However, I don't think that Japan will worry too much about South Korea, which, after all, is also warding off persistent problem child North Korea by doing this. Instead, it will likely grow its navy and air force [possibly passing well beyond the informal 1% GDP limit, and adopting long-range standoff weapons] to match the rapidly growing PLAN. The rest of the world aren't likely to notice any deleterious effects, at least not immediately--the arms race in East Asia is definitely heightening the risk of war. The most interesting consequence is likely to be a continued shift towards East Asia, away from Europe, in the rest of the world, both culturally and now militarily. # Bonus Round: South Korea Is Building Nukes Now, here I enter the realm of speculation, so I can't say this for a certainty. But South Korea really, really, wants all the things that one wants when you want to build nukes, including: • Highly enriched uranium [they keep asking] • Nuclear reprocessing capabilities [they've been desperately researching to get around this limit] • A large domestic nuclear industry [despite continued platitudes by President Moon, who seems about as committed to nuclear phaseout as Macron, South Korea's nuclear capacity is actually projected to grow] • Long-range ballistic missiles [already got those] • Nuclear submarines [they have plans] • Submarine-launched ballistic missiles [already got those] • Air-launched cruise missiles [soon to arrive] In addition, South Korea already possesses a motive--they've tried to build nuclear weapons before, and as much as 60% of the population is in favor of building nukes. They are surrounded by nuclear-armed enemies [or in the case of Japan a potential adversary that could improvise something workable in a matter of months]. Now, South Korea might take the Japanese approach and go nuclear-latent, where they have the capability to build a nuclear weapon at extremely short notice but don't have one ready--but I actually doubt that they will, except as an intermediate step, because doing so just won't provide effective deterrence against North Korea, an adversary that is constantly poised to attack and could potentially use nuclear weapons first and wipe out the South's capability to assemble its own bomb. Japan sees the solution as viable for constitutional and political reasons, but also because any Chinese aggression could probably be seen months in advance, and would take months to resolve--plus, Japan can know that China will be rational and probably won't use its nukes first. The major thing to watch here is going to be the the Section 123 agreement that the US has with South Korea for transfer of nuclear technology. Any amendment of the deal to allow reprocessing or possession of enriched uranium would be a major step towards a South Korean nuclear arsenal. In addition, the US also may have a backdoor way of doing this by allowing pyroprocessing, a non-conventional reprocessing method, to be used by South Korea via interpretation of the agreement. Doing so would bring South Korea closer to a nuclear weapon as well. However, barring any of these circumstances, we might not see a change until 2035 or 2040 when the Section 123 agreement expires--a rather distant time for most of us here. I wouldn't expect any change before President Moon is gone, personally, in 2023, at the very earliest. All in all, I'd say that a nuclear South Korea is probably not an immediate likelihood, but that, by 2050, I'd be rather surprised if South Korea didn't have nuclear weapons. # Conclusions: South Korea is building a big, shiny new military for all of the geekishly inclined to gawk at, and also to menace its neighbors with. This is largely a result of the strategic environment in East Asia going down the toilet and South Korea desiring independence. You might want to keep an eye out on this in case you accidentally run into a South Korean aircraft carrier, or if you have any interest in the region whatseover [Yanks, I'm talking to you.] Also, South Korea is probably building nukes, or at least having a pretty serious think about it. If this gets a positive reception I'll probably do one on the PLAN [People's Liberation Army Navy], the USN, and the JMSDF, plus maybe the other little guys too [maybe one on the perilous situation Taiwan is in too]. Until then, though--ta! Citations: Lots of them, plus my head, and too many random news articles. Nobody's really brought this all together before in one thing. Click on the links if you're really interested. submitted by AmericanNewt8 to neoliberal [link] [comments] 2020.08.16 09:54 Genex_04 what's wrong with my xorg? this is the log file: [ 51.673] (WW) Failed to open protocol names file lib/xorg/protocol.txt [ 51.674] X.Org X Server 1.20.8 X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0 [ 51.675] Build Operating System: Linux Artix Linux [ 51.675] Current Operating System: Linux new-host 5.7.12-artix1-1 #1 SMP PREEMPT Sun, 02 Aug 2020 18:59:43 +0000 x86_64 [ 51.675] Kernel command line: BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-linux root=UUID=10e1fc3c-cfd8-4a00-940b-0bc4fe401edd rw net.ifnames=0 quiet [ 51.675] Build Date: 31 July 2020 08:01:10PM [ 51.675] [ 51.675] Current version of pixman: 0.40.0 [ 51.675] Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.x.org to make sure that you have the latest version.  [ 51.675] Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting, (++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational, (WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.  [ 51.679] (==) Log file: "/home/bedrock-safeguard/.local/share/xorg/Xorg.0.log", Time: Sun Aug 16 09:18:50 2020 [ 51.681] (==) Using config directory: "/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d" [ 51.682] (==) Using system config directory "/usshare/X11/xorg.conf.d" [ 51.682] (==) No Layout section. Using the first Screen section. [ 51.682] (==) No screen section available. Using defaults. [ 51.682] (**) -->Screen "Default Screen Section" (0) [ 51.682] (**) -->Monitor "" [ 51.683] (==) No monitor specified for screen "Default Screen Section". Using a default monitor configuration.  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[ 51.687] (II) Module ABI versions: [ 51.687] X.Org ANSI C Emulation: 0.4 [ 51.687] X.Org Video Driver: 24.1 [ 51.687] X.Org XInput driver : 24.1 [ 51.687] X.Org Server Extension : 10.0 [ 51.689] (++) using VT number 6 [ 51.690] (II) systemd-logind: took control of session /org/freedesktop/login1/session/_31 [ 51.690] (II) xfree86: Adding drm device (/dev/dri/card0) [ 51.691] (II) systemd-logind: got fd for /dev/dri/card0 226:0 fd 10 paused 0 [ 51.692] (--) PCI:*([email protected]:2:0) 8086:0416:17aa:220e rev 6, Mem @ 0xf0000000/4194304, 0xe0000000/268435456, I/O @ 0x00003000/64, BIOS @ 0x????????/131072 [ 51.692] (II) Open ACPI successful (/varun/acpid.socket) [ 51.692] (II) LoadModule: "glx" [ 51.692] (II) Loading /uslib/xorg/modules/extensions/libglx.so [ 51.694] (II) Module glx: vendor="X.Org Foundation" [ 51.694] compiled for 1.20.8, module version = 1.0.0 [ 51.694] ABI class: X.Org Server Extension, version 10.0 [ 51.694] (==) Matched intel as autoconfigured driver 0 [ 51.694] (==) Matched modesetting as autoconfigured driver 1 [ 51.694] (==) Matched fbdev as autoconfigured driver 2 [ 51.694] (==) Matched vesa as autoconfigured driver 3 [ 51.694] (==) Assigned the driver to the xf86ConfigLayout [ 51.694] (II) LoadModule: "intel" [ 51.695] (II) Loading /uslib/xorg/modules/drivers/intel_drv.so [ 51.695] (II) Module intel: vendor="X.Org Foundation" [ 51.695] compiled for 1.20.8, module version = 2.99.917 [ 51.695] Module class: X.Org Video Driver [ 51.695] ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 24.1 [ 51.695] (II) LoadModule: "modesetting" [ 51.695] (II) Loading /uslib/xorg/modules/drivers/modesetting_drv.so [ 51.696] (II) Module modesetting: vendor="X.Org Foundation" [ 51.696] compiled for 1.20.8, module version = 1.20.8 [ 51.696] Module class: X.Org Video Driver [ 51.696] ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 24.1 [ 51.696] (II) LoadModule: "fbdev" [ 51.696] (II) Loading /uslib/xorg/modules/drivers/fbdev_drv.so [ 51.696] (II) Module fbdev: vendor="X.Org Foundation" [ 51.696] compiled for 1.20.8, module version = 0.5.0 [ 51.696] Module class: X.Org Video Driver [ 51.696] ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 24.1 [ 51.696] (II) LoadModule: "vesa" [ 51.696] (II) Loading /uslib/xorg/modules/drivers/vesa_drv.so [ 51.697] (II) Module vesa: vendor="X.Org Foundation" [ 51.697] compiled for 1.20.8, module version = 2.4.0 [ 51.697] Module class: X.Org Video Driver [ 51.697] ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 24.1 [ 51.697] (II) intel: Driver for Intel(R) Integrated Graphics Chipsets: i810, i810-dc100, i810e, i815, i830M, 845G, 854, 852GM/855GM, 865G, 915G, E7221 (i915), 915GM, 945G, 945GM, 945GME, Pineview GM, Pineview G, 965G, G35, 965Q, 946GZ, 965GM, 965GME/GLE, G33, Q35, Q33, GM45, 4 Series, G45/G43, Q45/Q43, G41, B43  [ 51.697] (II) intel: Driver for Intel(R) HD Graphics [ 51.697] (II) intel: Driver for Intel(R) Iris(TM) Graphics [ 51.697] (II) intel: Driver for Intel(R) Iris(TM) Pro Graphics [ 51.697] (II) modesetting: Driver for Modesetting Kernel Drivers: kms [ 51.697] (II) FBDEV: driver for framebuffer: fbdev [ 51.697] (II) VESA: driver for VESA chipsets: vesa [ 51.697] xf86EnableIOPorts: failed to set IOPL for I/O (Operation not permitted) [ 51.697] (II) intel(0): Using Kernel Mode Setting driver: i915, version 1.6.0 20200313 [ 51.697] (II) intel(0): SNA compiled from 2.99.917-908-g7181c5a4 [ 51.711] (WW) Falling back to old probe method for modesetting [ 51.711] (WW) Falling back to old probe method for fbdev [ 51.711] (II) Loading sub module "fbdevhw" [ 51.711] (II) LoadModule: "fbdevhw" [ 51.712] (II) Loading /uslib/xorg/modules/libfbdevhw.so [ 51.712] (II) Module fbdevhw: vendor="X.Org Foundation" [ 51.712] compiled for 1.20.8, module version = 0.0.2 [ 51.712] ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 24.1 [ 51.712] (WW) VGA arbiter: cannot open kernel arbiter, no multi-card support [ 51.712] (--) intel(0): Integrated Graphics Chipset: Intel(R) HD Graphics 4600 [ 51.712] (--) intel(0): CPU: x86-64, sse2, sse3, ssse3, sse4.1, sse4.2, avx, avx2; using a maximum of 2 threads [ 51.712] (II) intel(0): Creating default Display subsection in Screen section "Default Screen Section" for depth/fbbpp 24/32  [ 51.712] (==) intel(0): Depth 24, (--) framebuffer bpp 32 [ 51.712] (==) intel(0): RGB weight 888 [ 51.712] (==) intel(0): Default visual is TrueColor [ 51.713] (II) intel(0): Output eDP1 has no monitor section [ 51.713] (**) intel(0): Found backlight control interface intel_backlight (type 'raw') for output eDP1 [ 51.713] (II) intel(0): Enabled output eDP1 [ 51.713] (II) intel(0): Output VGA1 has no monitor section [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Enabled output VGA1 [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Output DP1 has no monitor section [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Enabled output DP1 [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Output HDMI1 has no monitor section [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Enabled output HDMI1 [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Output DP2 has no monitor section [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Enabled output DP2 [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Output HDMI2 has no monitor section [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Enabled output HDMI2 [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Output DP2-1 has no monitor section [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Enabled output DP2-1 [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Output DP2-2 has no monitor section [ 51.714] (II) intel(0): Enabled output DP2-2 [ 51.715] (II) intel(0): Output DP2-3 has no monitor section [ 51.715] (II) intel(0): Enabled output DP2-3 [ 51.715] (--) intel(0): Using a maximum size of 256x256 for hardware cursors [ 51.716] (II) intel(0): Output VIRTUAL1 has no monitor section [ 51.716] (II) intel(0): Enabled output VIRTUAL1 [ 51.716] (--) intel(0): Output eDP1 using initial mode 1366x768 on pipe 0 [ 51.716] (--) intel(0): Output DP2-3 using initial mode 1024x768 on pipe 1 [ 51.716] (==) intel(0): TearFree disabled [ 51.716] (==) intel(0): Using gamma correction (1.0, 1.0, 1.0) [ 51.716] (==) intel(0): DPI set to (96, 96) [ 51.716] (II) Loading sub module "dri3" [ 51.716] (II) LoadModule: "dri3" [ 51.716] (II) Module "dri3" already built-in [ 51.716] (II) Loading sub module "dri2" [ 51.716] (II) LoadModule: "dri2" [ 51.716] (II) Module "dri2" already built-in [ 51.716] (II) Loading sub module "present" [ 51.716] (II) LoadModule: "present" [ 51.716] (II) Module "present" already built-in [ 51.717] (II) UnloadModule: "modesetting" [ 51.717] (II) Unloading modesetting [ 51.717] (II) UnloadModule: "fbdev" [ 51.717] (II) Unloading fbdev [ 51.717] (II) UnloadSubModule: "fbdevhw" [ 51.717] (II) Unloading fbdevhw [ 51.717] (II) UnloadModule: "vesa" [ 51.717] (II) Unloading vesa [ 51.717] (II) intel(0): SNA initialized with Haswell (gen7.5, gt2) backend [ 51.717] (==) intel(0): Backing store enabled [ 51.717] (==) intel(0): Silken mouse disabled [ 51.717] (II) intel(0): HW Cursor enabled [ 51.718] (==) intel(0): DPMS enabled [ 51.718] (==) intel(0): Display hotplug detection enabled [ 51.718] (II) intel(0): [DRI2] Setup complete [ 51.718] (II) intel(0): [DRI2] DRI driver: i965 [ 51.718] (II) intel(0): [DRI2] VDPAU driver: va_gl [ 51.718] (II) intel(0): direct rendering: DRI2 DRI3 enabled [ 51.718] (II) intel(0): hardware support for Present enabled [ 51.718] (II) Initializing extension Generic Event Extension [ 51.718] (II) Initializing extension SHAPE [ 51.718] (II) Initializing extension MIT-SHM [ 51.718] (II) Initializing extension XInputExtension [ 51.718] (II) Initializing extension XTEST [ 51.718] (II) Initializing extension BIG-REQUESTS [ 51.718] (II) Initializing extension SYNC [ 51.718] (II) Initializing extension XKEYBOARD [ 51.718] (II) Initializing extension XC-MISC [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension SECURITY [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension XFIXES [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension RENDER [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension RANDR [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension COMPOSITE [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension DAMAGE [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension MIT-SCREEN-SAVER [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension DOUBLE-BUFFER [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension RECORD [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension DPMS [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension Present [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension DRI3 [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension X-Resource [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension XVideo [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension XVideo-MotionCompensation [ 51.719] (II) Initializing extension GLX [ 51.731] (II) AIGLX: Loaded and initialized i965 [ 51.731] (II) GLX: Initialized DRI2 GL provider for screen 0 [ 51.731] (II) Initializing extension XFree86-VidModeExtension [ 51.731] (II) Initializing extension XFree86-DGA [ 51.731] (II) Initializing extension XFree86-DRI [ 51.731] (II) Initializing extension DRI2 [ 51.735] (II) intel(0): switch to mode [email protected] on eDP1 using pipe 0, position (0, 0), rotation normal, reflection none [ 51.748] (II) intel(0): switch to mode [email protected] on DP2-3 using pipe 1, position (0, 0), rotation normal, reflection none [ 51.759] (II) intel(0): Setting screen physical size to 361 x 203 [ 51.797] (II) config/udev: Adding input device Power Button (/dev/input/event2) [ 51.797] (**) Power Button: Applying InputClass "libinput keyboard catchall" [ 51.797] (**) Power Button: Applying InputClass "system-keyboard" [ 51.797] (II) LoadModule: "libinput" [ 51.797] (II) Loading /uslib/xorg/modules/input/libinput_drv.so [ 51.798] (II) Module libinput: vendor="X.Org Foundation" [ 51.798] compiled for 1.20.8, module version = 0.30.0 [ 51.798] Module class: X.Org XInput Driver [ 51.798] ABI class: X.Org XInput driver, version 24.1 [ 51.798] (II) Using input driver 'libinput' for 'Power Button' [ 51.799] (II) systemd-logind: got fd for /dev/input/event2 13:66 fd 18 paused 0 [ 51.799] (**) Power Button: always reports core events [ 51.799] (**) Option "Device" "/dev/input/event2" [ 51.799] (**) Option "_source" "serveudev" [ 51.800] (II) event2 - Power Button: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard [ 51.801] (II) event2 - Power Button: device is a keyboard [ 51.801] (II) event2 - Power Button: device removed [ 51.801] (**) Option "config_info" "udev:/sys/devices/LNXSYSTM:00/LNXPWRBN:00/input/input2/event2" [ 51.801] (II) XINPUT: Adding extended input device "Power Button" (type: KEYBOARD, id 6) [ 51.801] (**) Option "xkb_model" "pc105" [ 51.801] (**) Option "xkb_layout" "it" [ 51.818] (II) event2 - Power Button: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard [ 51.818] (II) event2 - Power Button: device is a keyboard [ 51.818] (II) config/udev: Adding input device Video Bus (/dev/input/event14) [ 51.818] (**) Video Bus: Applying InputClass "libinput keyboard catchall" [ 51.818] (**) Video Bus: Applying InputClass "system-keyboard" [ 51.818] (II) Using input driver 'libinput' for 'Video Bus' [ 51.818] (II) systemd-logind: got fd for /dev/input/event14 13:78 fd 21 paused 0 [ 51.818] (**) Video Bus: always reports core events [ 51.818] (**) Option "Device" "/dev/input/event14" [ 51.818] (**) Option "_source" "serveudev" [ 51.819] (II) event14 - Video Bus: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard [ 51.819] (II) event14 - Video Bus: device is a keyboard [ 51.819] (II) event14 - Video Bus: device removed [ 51.819] (**) Option "config_info" "udev:/sys/devices/LNXSYSTM:00/LNXSYBUS:00/PNP0A08:00/LNXVIDEO:00/input/input16/event14" [ 51.819] (II) XINPUT: Adding extended input device "Video Bus" (type: KEYBOARD, id 7) [ 51.819] (**) Option "xkb_model" "pc105" [ 51.819] (**) Option "xkb_layout" "it" [ 51.819] (II) event14 - Video Bus: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard [ 51.819] (II) event14 - Video Bus: device is a keyboard [ 51.820] (II) config/udev: Adding input device Lid Switch (/dev/input/event0) [ 51.820] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.820] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.820] (II) config/udev: Adding input device Sleep Button (/dev/input/event1) [ 51.820] (**) Sleep Button: Applying InputClass "libinput keyboard catchall" [ 51.820] (**) Sleep Button: Applying InputClass "system-keyboard" [ 51.820] (II) Using input driver 'libinput' for 'Sleep Button' [ 51.820] (II) systemd-logind: got fd for /dev/input/event1 13:65 fd 22 paused 0 [ 51.820] (**) Sleep Button: always reports core events [ 51.820] (**) Option "Device" "/dev/input/event1" [ 51.820] (**) Option "_source" "serveudev" [ 51.820] (II) event1 - Sleep Button: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard [ 51.820] (II) event1 - Sleep Button: device is a keyboard [ 51.821] (II) event1 - Sleep Button: device removed [ 51.821] (**) Option "config_info" "udev:/sys/devices/LNXSYSTM:00/LNXSYBUS:00/PNP0C0E:00/input/input1/event1" [ 51.821] (II) XINPUT: Adding extended input device "Sleep Button" (type: KEYBOARD, id 8) [ 51.821] (**) Option "xkb_model" "pc105" [ 51.821] (**) Option "xkb_layout" "it" [ 51.821] (II) event1 - Sleep Button: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard [ 51.821] (II) event1 - Sleep Button: device is a keyboard [ 51.821] (II) config/udev: Adding input device HDA Intel HDMI HDMI/DP,pcm=3 (/dev/input/event17) [ 51.821] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.821] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.822] (II) config/udev: Adding input device HDA Intel HDMI HDMI/DP,pcm=7 (/dev/input/event18) [ 51.822] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.822] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.822] (II) config/udev: Adding input device HDA Intel HDMI HDMI/DP,pcm=8 (/dev/input/event19) [ 51.822] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.822] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.822] (II) config/udev: Adding input device HDA Intel HDMI HDMI/DP,pcm=9 (/dev/input/event20) [ 51.822] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.822] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.822] (II) config/udev: Adding input device HDA Intel HDMI HDMI/DP,pcm=10 (/dev/input/event21) [ 51.822] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.822] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.822] (II) config/udev: Adding input device Integrated Camera: Integrated C (/dev/input/event13) [ 51.822] (**) Integrated Camera: Integrated C: Applying InputClass "libinput keyboard catchall" [ 51.822] (**) Integrated Camera: Integrated C: Applying InputClass "system-keyboard" [ 51.822] (II) Using input driver 'libinput' for 'Integrated Camera: Integrated C' [ 51.822] (II) systemd-logind: got fd for /dev/input/event13 13:77 fd 23 paused 0 [ 51.822] (**) Integrated Camera: Integrated C: always reports core events [ 51.822] (**) Option "Device" "/dev/input/event13" [ 51.822] (**) Option "_source" "serveudev" [ 51.823] (II) event13 - Integrated Camera: Integrated C: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard [ 51.823] (II) event13 - Integrated Camera: Integrated C: device is a keyboard [ 51.823] (II) event13 - Integrated Camera: Integrated C: device removed [ 51.823] (**) Option "config_info" "udev:/sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-12/2-12:1.0/input/input15/event13" [ 51.823] (II) XINPUT: Adding extended input device "Integrated Camera: Integrated C" (type: KEYBOARD, id 9) [ 51.823] (**) Option "xkb_model" "pc105" [ 51.823] (**) Option "xkb_layout" "it" [ 51.824] (II) event13 - Integrated Camera: Integrated C: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard [ 51.824] (II) event13 - Integrated Camera: Integrated C: device is a keyboard [ 51.824] (II) config/udev: Adding input device 2.4G Mouse (/dev/input/event11) [ 51.824] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.824] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.824] (II) config/udev: Adding input device 2.4G Mouse (/dev/input/event12) [ 51.824] (**) 2.4G Mouse: Applying InputClass "libinput pointer catchall" [ 51.824] (II) Using input driver 'libinput' for '2.4G Mouse' [ 51.881] (II) systemd-logind: got fd for /dev/input/event12 13:76 fd 24 paused 0 [ 51.881] (**) 2.4G Mouse: always reports core events [ 51.881] (**) Option "Device" "/dev/input/event12" [ 51.881] (**) Option "_source" "serveudev" [ 51.883] (II) event12 - 2.4G Mouse: is tagged by udev as: Mouse [ 51.883] (II) event12 - 2.4G Mouse: device is a pointer [ 51.883] (II) event12 - 2.4G Mouse: device removed [ 51.883] (**) Option "config_info" "udev:/sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-9/2-9.1/2-9.1:1.0/0003:1EA7:0064.0001/input/input14/event12" [ 51.883] (II) XINPUT: Adding extended input device "2.4G Mouse" (type: MOUSE, id 10) [ 51.883] (**) Option "AccelerationScheme" "none" [ 51.883] (**) 2.4G Mouse: (accel) selected scheme none/0 [ 51.883] (**) 2.4G Mouse: (accel) acceleration factor: 2.000 [ 51.883] (**) 2.4G Mouse: (accel) acceleration threshold: 4 [ 51.885] (II) event12 - 2.4G Mouse: is tagged by udev as: Mouse [ 51.885] (II) event12 - 2.4G Mouse: device is a pointer [ 51.885] (II) config/udev: Adding input device 2.4G Mouse (/dev/input/mouse0) [ 51.885] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.885] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.886] (II) config/udev: Adding input device HDA Intel PCH Mic (/dev/input/event8) [ 51.886] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.886] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.886] (II) config/udev: Adding input device HDA Intel PCH Dock Headphone (/dev/input/event9) [ 51.886] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.886] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.886] (II) config/udev: Adding input device HDA Intel PCH Headphone (/dev/input/event10) [ 51.886] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.886] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.887] (II) config/udev: Adding input device HDA Digital PCBeep (/dev/input/event6) [ 51.887] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.887] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.887] (II) config/udev: Adding input device HDA Intel PCH Dock Mic (/dev/input/event7) [ 51.887] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.887] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.887] (II) config/udev: Adding input device AT Translated Set 2 keyboard (/dev/input/event3) [ 51.887] (**) AT Translated Set 2 keyboard: Applying InputClass "libinput keyboard catchall" [ 51.887] (**) AT Translated Set 2 keyboard: Applying InputClass "system-keyboard" [ 51.887] (II) Using input driver 'libinput' for 'AT Translated Set 2 keyboard' [ 51.888] (II) systemd-logind: got fd for /dev/input/event3 13:67 fd 25 paused 0 [ 51.888] (**) AT Translated Set 2 keyboard: always reports core events [ 51.888] (**) Option "Device" "/dev/input/event3" [ 51.888] (**) Option "_source" "serveudev" [ 51.889] (II) event3 - AT Translated Set 2 keyboard: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard [ 51.889] (II) event3 - AT Translated Set 2 keyboard: device is a keyboard [ 51.890] (II) event3 - AT Translated Set 2 keyboard: device removed [ 51.890] (**) Option "config_info" "udev:/sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/input/input3/event3" [ 51.890] (II) XINPUT: Adding extended input device "AT Translated Set 2 keyboard" (type: KEYBOARD, id 11) [ 51.890] (**) Option "xkb_model" "pc105" [ 51.890] (**) Option "xkb_layout" "it" [ 51.891] (II) event3 - AT Translated Set 2 keyboard: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard [ 51.891] (II) event3 - AT Translated Set 2 keyboard: device is a keyboard [ 51.892] (II) config/udev: Adding input device AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick (/dev/input/event15) [ 51.892] (**) AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick: Applying InputClass "libinput pointer catchall" [ 51.892] (II) Using input driver 'libinput' for 'AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick' [ 51.893] (II) systemd-logind: got fd for /dev/input/event15 13:79 fd 26 paused 0 [ 51.893] (**) AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick: always reports core events [ 51.893] (**) Option "Device" "/dev/input/event15" [ 51.893] (**) Option "_source" "serveudev" [ 51.894] (II) event15 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick: is tagged by udev as: Mouse Pointingstick [ 51.894] (II) event15 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick: device is a pointer [ 51.894] (II) event15 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick: device removed [ 51.895] (**) Option "config_info" "udev:/sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio1/input/input17/event15" [ 51.895] (II) XINPUT: Adding extended input device "AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick" (type: MOUSE, id 12) [ 51.895] (**) Option "AccelerationScheme" "none" [ 51.895] (**) AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick: (accel) selected scheme none/0 [ 51.895] (**) AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick: (accel) acceleration factor: 2.000 [ 51.895] (**) AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick: (accel) acceleration threshold: 4 [ 51.895] (II) event15 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick: is tagged by udev as: Mouse Pointingstick [ 51.895] (II) event15 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick: device is a pointer [ 51.896] (II) config/udev: Adding input device AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick (/dev/input/mouse1) [ 51.896] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.896] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.896] (II) config/udev: Adding input device AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad (/dev/input/event16) [ 51.896] (**) AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad: Applying InputClass "libinput touchpad catchall" [ 51.896] (II) Using input driver 'libinput' for 'AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad' [ 51.896] (II) systemd-logind: got fd for /dev/input/event16 13:80 fd 27 paused 0 [ 51.896] (**) AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad: always reports core events [ 51.896] (**) Option "Device" "/dev/input/event16" [ 51.896] (**) Option "_source" "serveudev" [ 51.897] (II) event16 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad: is tagged by udev as: Touchpad [ 51.897] (II) event16 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad: device is a touchpad [ 51.897] (II) event16 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad: device removed [ 51.897] (**) Option "config_info" "udev:/sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio1/input/input7/event16" [ 51.897] (II) XINPUT: Adding extended input device "AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad" (type: TOUCHPAD, id 13) [ 51.898] (**) Option "AccelerationScheme" "none" [ 51.898] (**) AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad: (accel) selected scheme none/0 [ 51.898] (**) AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad: (accel) acceleration factor: 2.000 [ 51.898] (**) AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad: (accel) acceleration threshold: 4 [ 51.898] (II) event16 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad: is tagged by udev as: Touchpad [ 51.898] (II) event16 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad: device is a touchpad [ 51.899] (II) config/udev: Adding input device AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad (/dev/input/mouse2) [ 51.899] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.899] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.899] (II) config/udev: Adding input device PC Speaker (/dev/input/event5) [ 51.899] (II) No input driver specified, ignoring this device. [ 51.899] (II) This device may have been added with another device file. [ 51.899] (II) config/udev: Adding input device ThinkPad Extra Buttons (/dev/input/event4) [ 51.899] (**) ThinkPad Extra Buttons: Applying InputClass "libinput keyboard catchall" [ 51.899] (**) ThinkPad Extra Buttons: Applying InputClass "system-keyboard" [ 51.899] (II) Using input driver 'libinput' for 'ThinkPad Extra Buttons' [ 51.899] (II) systemd-logind: got fd for /dev/input/event4 13:68 fd 28 paused 0 [ 51.899] (**) ThinkPad Extra Buttons: always reports core events [ 51.899] (**) Option "Device" "/dev/input/event4" [ 51.899] (**) Option "_source" "serveudev" [ 51.900] (II) event4 - ThinkPad Extra Buttons: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard Switch [ 51.900] (II) event4 - ThinkPad Extra Buttons: device is a keyboard [ 51.900] (II) event4 - ThinkPad Extra Buttons: device removed [ 51.900] (**) Option "config_info" "udev:/sys/devices/platform/thinkpad_acpi/input/input5/event4" [ 51.900] (II) XINPUT: Adding extended input device "ThinkPad Extra Buttons" (type: KEYBOARD, id 14) [ 51.900] (**) Option "xkb_model" "pc105" [ 51.900] (**) Option "xkb_layout" "it" [ 51.900] (II) event4 - ThinkPad Extra Buttons: is tagged by udev as: Keyboard Switch [ 51.900] (II) event4 - ThinkPad Extra Buttons: device is a keyboard [ 51.958] (**) Option "fd" "18" [ 51.958] (II) event2 - Power Button: device removed [ 51.958] (**) Option "fd" "21" [ 51.958] (II) event14 - Video Bus: device removed [ 51.958] (**) Option "fd" "22" [ 51.958] (II) event1 - Sleep Button: device removed [ 51.958] (**) Option "fd" "23" [ 51.958] (II) event13 - Integrated Camera: Integrated C: device removed [ 51.958] (**) Option "fd" "24" [ 51.958] (II) event12 - 2.4G Mouse: device removed [ 51.958] (**) Option "fd" "25" [ 51.958] (II) event3 - AT Translated Set 2 keyboard: device removed [ 51.959] (**) Option "fd" "26" [ 51.959] (II) event15 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint Stick: device removed [ 51.959] (**) Option "fd" "27" [ 51.959] (II) event16 - AlpsPS/2 ALPS DualPoint TouchPad: device removed [ 51.959] (**) Option "fd" "28" [ 51.959] (II) event4 - ThinkPad Extra Buttons: device removed [ 51.960] (II) UnloadModule: "libinput" [ 51.960] (II) systemd-logind: releasing fd for 13:68 [ 51.978] (II) UnloadModule: "libinput" [ 51.978] (II) systemd-logind: releasing fd for 13:80 [ 52.024] (II) UnloadModule: "libinput" [ 52.025] (II) systemd-logind: releasing fd for 13:79 [ 52.104] (II) UnloadModule: "libinput" [ 52.105] (II) systemd-logind: releasing fd for 13:67 [ 52.128] (II) UnloadModule: "libinput" [ 52.128] (II) systemd-logind: releasing fd for 13:76 [ 52.171] (II) UnloadModule: "libinput" [ 52.171] (II) systemd-logind: releasing fd for 13:77 [ 52.238] (II) UnloadModule: "libinput" [ 52.238] (II) systemd-logind: releasing fd for 13:65 [ 52.264] (II) UnloadModule: "libinput" [ 52.265] (II) systemd-logind: releasing fd for 13:78 [ 52.292] (II) UnloadModule: "libinput" [ 52.292] (II) systemd-logind: releasing fd for 13:66 [ 52.353] (II) Server terminated successfully (0). Closing log file. I'm on bedrock linux, hijckaed artix, with gentoo, void and alpine stratas. what's wrong? yesterday it was wokrking fine.. submitted by Genex_04 to bedrocklinux [link] [comments] 2020.08.10 17:08 Superfan234 Electoral Crisis in Bolivia: The Complete story In a previous post, I answered the most commons questions and misconceptions about the Conflict in Bolivia With this post my objective is much more ambitious: To explain once and for all , the Bolivian Crisis to Neoliberal It is a massive task, for sure. But I think the final work lives up to the expectations Of course, massive thanks to u/thebolivianguy. He helped me a ton with details I was honestly not aware of, give his inside thoughts from inside the country, and brought almost all the main News Sources you will find in this post. Kudos to him for the support! What role did the OAS have? Was it really the United States the ones who ousted Evo Morales? Was there really Electoral manipulation? How the Opposition took over the country? Let's find out ;) # The Original Sin: The Controversial Plebiscite of 2016 If I need to give a specific date to understand the turmoil events of 2019, without a doubt we must go back to 2016, to the Plebicite of February 21. In this Plebiscite, Evo Morales Aima called on the Bolivian population to vote for a constitutional reform allowing him to be elected for the 2020-2025 presidential term. By a tight margin (51% against re-eleccion vs 49% in favor) Bolivians decided to prevent another term for Evo Morales in 2019 [*] Evo Morales, after 13 years of thunderous electoral victories, had to accept defeat. Until then, he enjoyed unparalleled popularity in Bolivia, keeping the country with a stable economy [*] and together with his Party (MAS) he controlled all the powers of the State. It took him a few days, but reluctantly, he ends up accepting his loss However, a few months later, Morales would appeal to the Constitutional Court for a second opinion. In 2017, in a highly controversial ruling, the Court considered the prohibition of indefinite re-election, limited the Humans Rights of the President. As a result, Evo could stand for re-election as many times as he wished to[*] The ruling was naturally strongly criticized by the opposition. And, in hindsight , it became the biggest political mistake Evo Morales has ever made # The Consequences of Indefinite Re-Election For more than a decade, Evo enjoyed great popularity and appreciation by varied sectors of the population. Not only the "common people", but also Bolivian businessmen, who viewed with good eyes the stability and economic growth Bolivia had experienced, something extremely rare in that country. These times of prosperity had reduced the Opposition to small unpopular group, with multitude of internal conflicts But extremely partisan decision of the Constitutional Tribunal allowed Opposition politicians, who shared little to nothing with each other, to sit together and defend themselves against a common enemy. In time, civil communities would join the political efforts, and together, they would be able to unleash protests and demonstrations throughout the country, capitalizing on the political discontent of the Bolivian People The OAS, on the contrary, would not condemn the decision of the Constitutional Court. On the contrary, the president of the OAS expressly traveled to Bolivia to support the indefinite election of Evo Morales. [*]. For those who have heard of the Bolivian Crisis in mass media this may sound unusual, but in fact there is a quite convincing explanation. However, let's not beat around this bush just yet I am going to be extremely specific: There are 3 central points crucial to understand the Bolivian crisis (I'm going to list them because we will constantly return to them) Evo's wishes for indefinite re-election resulted in three critical problems • 1) Political Union of the Opposition: Parties and Civil Communities that shared little or nothing with each other, put aside their political differences in order to defeat Evo • 2) General mistrust of the People: The Rebirth of the Dictatorships of Venezuela (~ 2017) and Nicaragua (~ 2018), became a gloomy omen for Bolivians. Both regimes were consolidated through electoral farces. So the proper tally of the votes became absolutely crucial • 3) Antagonism with Latin America: A big majority of LATAM Leaders, for the most part, was seeking a change of government in Venezuela at any cost. Bolivia's fierce support to Venezuela, could be a fundamental obstacle to overthrowing Maduro The combination of these 3 factors, added to the generalized perception of Evo Morales as a Corrupt Politician, was the explosive mixture that led to the general fear of electoral manipulation in Bolivia The massive protests, and this is important to remember, were not to support a particular opposition candidate. They were against the (justified) fear that Evo installed in the Bolivian population about falling into a Crisis similar to the one Venezuela was living # Days before the Election By early October 2019, the political tension could be feel in the air. Three years of attempts to avoid Evo's re-election had failed legally, but electorally, they had succeeded in an unprecedented way Since 2005, Morales had won by landslides all the presidential elections he had participated. In 2005, he had beaten Jorge Quiroga 54% vs 29%. In 2009 he beat Manfred Reyes 64% vs 27%, in 2014 he beat Samuel Doria 61% vs 24. Evo's popularity, in principle, was virtually unbeatable But a partial defeat in the municipal elections of 2015[*] and mainly his defeat in the 2016 Plebiscite, raised doubts about his ability to win a new presidential elections Problems were nothing to shrug off. Morales presented in 2019 the same Political Project he had for over 13 years: a Conservative-Social Democracy with an indigenous mix. Against him, Carlos Mesa, his main political rival, presented an almost identical project, with the additional “plus” of not having 13 years of corruption scandals and worn-out Populism accompanying Evo Citizens who felt comfortable with Evo's Bolivarian model could feel confident Mesa have the vision to continue the years of prosperity, and at the same time, detoxify the institutions of the State from rampant corruption. It was, by all accounts, a great opportunity for political change in the country As the Election approached, the opinion polls became increasingly grim for Evo. He was projected to reach only 37% of the vote in the First Round, far from the ~ 60% he achieved in the 2014 elections[*] To top it off, Chi Hyun and Oscar Ortiz (the other two strong opposition candidates) appear, in the event of a Ballot, closer to supporting Carlos Mesa than Evo. Capturing those votes in the Second round, would be a very complex task Although the situation might look bleak for the Government there was, in fact, a chance to win. In Bolivia, the candidate who obtains more than 40% of the votes (and exceeds the second candidate by 10%) can be elected as winner in the First Round This way, Evo marginally win in the First round, thus avoiding a second Ballot. Of course, the fact Evo could win by a margin of ~ 1%, only increased the social pressure on the correct tall of votes The Opposition Politicians and Media also echoed this concern, and months before the elections, they were already calling for citizens to protect the results, accusing the Government of fabricating an electoral fraud [*][*][*] # Elections Day The day everyone was waiting for finally arrived. At the Sunday of October 20, citizens of the 9 Departments of Bolivia were called to vote at the polls, without any mayor complications at first After a relatively quiet morning, Bolivians prepared for the results. In Bolivia, the electoral court supervises three different types of counting • Boca de Urna(*): quite unaccurate, but reflects the immediate moments after the vote • Quick Count (TREP): which allows to know approximate results in a few hours [*] • Final Count: official results, which usually take a couple of days It was clear that the winner would be defined by mere decimals. And possibly, the last votes would come from rural areas, where Evo remained as great favorite, but little polls to clarity for how much At night, Bolivians were nervously waiting for the final results of the count. In mere minutes, they would know the results of 4 years of political conflict. And suddenly, without any prior notice, the Electoral Tribunal stops the vote count The opposition's alarms quickly went off, and fiercely, they asked the electoral court an explanation for the delay The Electoral Tribunal, without giving it much importance to it, give vague and really confusing reasons to excuse itself[*]. Although at the beginning it was attributed (informally) to technical problems, the Electoral Tribunal ended up reporting that stopping the quick count was "planned in advance" [*] and that the final results would eventually be known If this process was really planned or not, the doubt was enough to light the fuse of the discontent and mistrust the entire country was experiencing. Quickly, citizens began to protest at the headquarters of the Electoral Tribunal [*] , demanding the vote counting be resumed The OAS, the European Union and the United States expressed their concern about the suspension of the count, and sent statements requesting explanations from the government[*] # Days after the election On Monday October 21, the Electoral Tribunal resumed the vote counting. To the discontent of the Opposition (and the joy of the Government), the final toll was clear: Morales had won in the first round, and MAS maintained control of both the Upper House and the Lower House of the Congress This only infuriated the Opposition population, who saw the change in trend and Government secrecy as a clear attempt to manipulate the data. Protests began in front of the country's Electoral Tribunal [*] In Potosi, the outrage became evident, once the Electoral Tribunal, which initially gave the victory by exit to Mesa by 69%, had reduced this percentage to 34% in the final count[*] That day, a viral video began to circulate on the Internet. In the footage, you can see the Union Leader Marco Pumari forcing his entry into a warehouse, where hundreds of ballots were (secretly) stored. I will transcribe Pumari's impressions: Supposedly a few blocks from here, the Electoral Tribunal, already began scrutinizing. They are already counting our votes. What are they counting! If the votes of the Potosinos are Here! What are the authorities counting there? If this is what they are doing in the Capital of Potosi... imagine what they are doing in Rural Areas! That’s why Evo Morales has indicated us to "wait for the vote of the rural areas." He even thanked the Potosinos for our votes! To whom Evo should thank, it is those corrupt members of the Electoral Tribunal, who are going against their own Population! This is unacceptable. It's a crime! Today the police tried to prevent us from entering this compound. The police, protecting these corrupts! No Notary wants to come here and to take note of the situation. Not a single one! We will go to file a complaint in Justice Court. But who knows if they will listen to us, since Justice is also in the hands of the Government! I now I ask to you: What is left for us to do, as The People? The video broadcast by Marco Pumari enraged the population of Potosí, who ended it up setting on fire the Electoral Tribunal. But this was just one of many videos that, through social networks, questioned the actions of the Government and the Electoral Tribunal in counting the votes When night came, after several hours of unanswered protests, the violence began to grow. The headquarters of the Electoral Courts of Sucre was also burned in retaliation. [*]. Protests in favor and against Morales begin to occur throughout the country Luis Fernando Camacho, a businessman and social leader from the Bolivian East side, would call for an indefinite strike from Santa Cruz[*], one of the most important cities in Bolivia, jeopardizing the social and economic sustainability of the government The Catholic Church would also show its concern, warning signs of fraud in the presidential election [*] Meanwhile, a group of radical Indigenous women, known as The Red Ponchos, threatened the opposition with taking up arms to defend Evo and his Government [*] The same threats were made by the Coca Leaf Leaders, who historically had shown firm support for the president At the beginning of November, the die was cast. A major conflict was approaching, and both sides anticipated that bloodshed was inevitable. It is in these moments of maximum tension, the OAS makes it’s appearance # The OAS Intervention The OAS, is the International Community who brings together all the Latin American countries. It’s also the faithful reflection of the apathy Hispanic countries profess to international conflicts. The OAS, in theory, could possess great political powers on the American Continent, perhaps even Worldwide relevance. However, the prevailing indifference in Latin America (even present in great powers like Brazil and Mexico) has limited OAS to become the great defender of the Status quo in the Region. Moral or immoral? Truth is, Hispanic countries lack interest in the internal politics of their neighbors, and rarely intervene in them regardless of the seriousness of the matter at hand Morales, of course, already knew this. He himself had participated in OAS for 13 years, and he knew they could take months to obtain a final report and, most likely, they were only going to limit themselves to sustaining the Status Quo Opposition leaders were also aware of this, so they did everything it was possible to de-legitimize the statistical value of the OAS. They knew that the pacifist position of the American countries in favor of Morales would de-legitimize the protests, and they might stop the Protest completely Therefore, if they wanted to take down Evo, they had to act as soon as possible, before the call for calm from the OAS demoralized the protesters # The Bolivian Revolution The conflict was on. Evo Morales was plan was to ask the population to calm down, and wait for OAS Report on the Elections. The opposition sought to extend the protests to the rest of the country, and make Evo fall before the OAS calmed down the protests The Manifestations, of course, did not wait. From the East, Fernando Camacho was leading the businessmen and wealthy class of Santa Cruz, from the West, the Union Leader Marco Pumari, leading the working and indigenous masses of Potosi It might seem curious that none of the Opposition presidential candidates led the protests. But you must remember that, with their re-election attempts, many civil groups had previously organized in the event of a Fraud situation. Although these communities came from very disparate political groups, the strong opposition to Evo was enough to keep them united as one These civil groups proved to have more support than the opposition parties themselves, and turned out to be much more difficult for the Government to contain One of the great advantages of these communities was they were not associated (yet) with the corruption that characterized Bolivian politics, and their only defined political program was to oust Evo. This would make their most popular representatives, Camacho and Pumari, more relatable and easy-to-follow leaders. For his part, Evo Morales resorted to two main methods to win: A) To exercise repression with his shock trops and B) A lot of Whining On the one hand, Evo could use his shock forces to violently attack the opposition, with not much International repercussions. This attacks reach their peak at infamous Siege to Santa Cruz [*]. On the other hand, Evo sought to give the appearance of a coup before the international community, and promoted the image “USA is attacking Bolivia” # Electoral manipulation is confirmed On November 8, Ethical Hacking, the auditing company hired by the Electoral Tribunal itself to follow the election process, Delivers their final report[*]. This report, was nothing short of devastating for the Government They revealed that, at 7:30 p.m. on Election Day, a large amount of data began to be received from an Unknown Server, which caused constant errors in the electoral app of the TREP. Looking for explanations, Ethical Hacking goes to the Members of the Committee, who admited it was them who accessed the electoral system, but only out of "curiosity" to see the Data (Let's remember, it was approximately at this time, the Electoral Tribunal suddenly stopped publishing vote counts) But this turned out to be just the tip of the Iceberg. Over the next five days, Ethical Hacking recorded not one or two, but 12 breaches of the electoral system's protocol. The reason for breaking the protocols were quite varied, but the final consequences were the same: The Electoral Acts could have been modified at will by the Members of the Electoral Tribunal, since there was no supervision by an external entity at those times The reaction in Bolivia did not wait. The fact the very company hired by the Government blamed the Electoral Tribunal for invalidating the results, would be funny, if it wasn't so tragic That same day, tired of being used against the protesting population, police forces in Cochamaba, Sucre and Santa Cruz mutinied against the Government[*]A few days later, they were followed by police forces from La Paz The protesters, now with the protection of the local police, grew to Dantesque levels. They finally had enough numbers and support to take over the country # The betrayal of the OAS Evo Morales was cornered. His popular support was both surppassed in numbers and organization by opposition forces. The national police were unwilling to repress the protesters, and His personal strike groups didn't have the weapons nor the planning to fight the dissident population over the country In a desperate attempt to regain control of Bolivia, Morales fired the members of the Electoral Tribunal, blaming them for the errors in the process, and promised to organize new a electoral process [*]However, this act of good faith ended it up having no value, because on November 10, against all expectations, the OAS publishes an "executive report" confirming the final Electoral tall had mayor issues, probably some sort of manipulation, effectively invalidating the results. They suggested it would be better make the whole elections again The response of Bolivian politics was one of total disbelief. Not only the OAS had advanced it's reports against the Government's desires[*], it also openly ruled against Evo, using a language that practically encouraged the dissident to continue their Protest It was perhaps at that moment that Evo Morales finally understood he was betrayed. His fervent support for a favorable OAS ruling had become a double-edged sword. A weapon the opposition would undoubtedly use against him At the same time, Senior Officials of the Bolivian Army met in Secret to decide what they could do to regain control of the country. From what we now known, High Officers were concerned of the increasing anarchy the country was facing, and feared at this rate, it would be impossible to prevent bloodshed between opposite factions[*]Therefore, Williams Kaliman, the commander-in-chief of the Bolivian Armed Forces, asked the president to resign, in order to regain political stability in the country. Evo Morales, after 13 years of government and almost 20 days of fierce struggle, was forced to present his resignation as President. Bolivian Protesters, had won submitted by Superfan234 to neoliberal [link] [comments] 2020.08.09 21:30 Superfan234 bolivia testo 3 In a previous post, I answered the most commons questions and misconceptions about the Conflict in Bolivia With this post my objective is much more ambitious: To explain once and for all , the Bolivian Crisis to Neoliberal It is a massive task, for sure. But I think the final work lives up to the expectations Of course, massive thanks to u/thebolivianguy. He helped me a ton with details I was honestly not aware of, give his inside thoughts from inside the country, and brought almost all the main News Sources you will find in this post. Kudos to him for the support! What role did the OAS have? Was it really the United States the ones who ousted Evo Morales? Was there really Electoral manipulation? How the Opposition took over the country? Let's find out ;) # The Original Sin: The Controversial Plebiscite of 2016 If I need to give a specific date to understand the turmoil events of 2019, without a doubt we must go back to 2016, to the Plebicite of February 21. In this Plebiscite, Evo Morales Aima called on the Bolivian population to vote for a constitutional reform allowing him to be elected for the 2020-2025 presidential term. By a tight margin (51% against re-eleccion vs 49% in favor) Bolivians decided to prevent another term for Evo Morales in 2019 [*] Evo Morales, after 13 years of thunderous electoral victories, had to accept defeat. Until then, he enjoyed unparalleled popularity in Bolivia, keeping the country with a stable economy [*] and together with his Party (MAS) he controlled all the powers of the State. It took him a few days, but reluctantly, he ends up accepting his loss However, a few months later, Morales would appeal to the Constitutional Court for a second opinion. In 2017, in a highly controversial ruling, the Court considered the prohibition of indefinite re-election, limited the Humans Rights of the President. As a result, Evo could stand for re-election as many times as he wished to[*] The ruling was naturally strongly criticized by the opposition. And, in hindsight , it became the biggest political mistake Evo Morales has ever made # The Consequences of Indefinite Re-Election For more than a decade, Evo enjoyed great popularity and appreciation by varied sectors of the population. Not only the "common people", but also Bolivian businessmen, who viewed with good eyes the stability and economic growth Bolivia had experienced, something extremely rare in that country. These times of prosperity had reduced the Opposition to small unpopular group, with multitude of internal conflicts But extremely partisan decision of the Constitutional Tribunal allowed Opposition politicians, who shared little to nothing with each other, to sit together and defend themselves against a common enemy. In time, civil communities would join the political efforts, and together, they would be able to unleash protests and demonstrations throughout the country, capitalizing on the political discontent of the Bolivian People The OAS, on the contrary, would not condemn the decision of the Constitutional Court. On the contrary, the president of the OAS expressly traveled to Bolivia to support the indefinite election of Evo Morales. [*]. For those who have heard of the Bolivian Crisis in mass media this may sound unusual, but in fact there is a quite convincing explanation. However, let's not beat around this bush just yet I am going to be extremely specific: There are 3 central points crucial to understand the Bolivian crisis (I'm going to list them because we will constantly return to them) Evo's wishes for indefinite re-election resulted in three critical problems • 1) Political Union of the Opposition: Parties and Civil Communities that shared little or nothing with each other, put aside their political differences in order to defeat Evo • 2) General mistrust of the People: The Rebirth of the Dictatorships of Venezuela (~ 2017) and Nicaragua (~ 2018), became a gloomy omen for Bolivians. Both regimes were consolidated through electoral farces. So the proper tally of the votes became absolutely crucial • 3) Antagonism with Latin America: A big majority of LATAM Leaders, for the most part, was seeking a change of government in Venezuela at any cost. Bolivia's fierce support to Venezuela, could be a fundamental obstacle to overthrowing Maduro The combination of these 3 factors, added to the generalized perception of Evo Morales as a Corrupt Politician, was the explosive mixture that led to the general fear of electoral manipulation in Bolivia The massive protests, and this is important to remember, were not to support a particular opposition candidate. They were against the (justified) fear that Evo installed in the Bolivian population about falling into a Crisis similar to the one Venezuela was living # Days before the Election By early October 2019, the political tension could be feel in the air. Three years of attempts to avoid Evo's re-election had failed legally, but electorally, they had succeeded in an unprecedented way Since 2005, Morales had won by landslides all the presidential elections he had participated. In 2005, he had beaten Jorge Quiroga 54% vs 29%. In 2009 he beat Manfred Reyes 64% vs 27%, in 2014 he beat Samuel Doria 61% vs 24. Evo's popularity, in principle, was virtually unbeatable But a partial defeat in the municipal elections of 2015[*] and mainly his defeat in the 2016 Plebiscite, raised doubts about his ability to win a new presidential elections Problems were nothing to shrug off. Morales presented in 2019 the same Political Project he had for over 13 years: a Conservative-Social Democracy with an indigenous mix. Against him, Carlos Mesa, his main political rival, presented an almost identical project, with the additional “plus” of not having 13 years of corruption scandals and worn-out Populism accompanying Evo Citizens who felt comfortable with Evo's Bolivarian model could feel confident Mesa have the vision to continue the years of prosperity, and at the same time, detoxify the institutions of the State from rampant corruption. It was, by all accounts, a great opportunity for political change in the country As the Election approached, the opinion polls became increasingly grim for Evo. He was projected to reach only 37% of the vote in the First Round, far from the ~ 60% he achieved in the 2014 elections[*] To top it off, Chi Hyun and Oscar Ortiz (the other two strong opposition candidates) appear, in the event of a Ballot, closer to supporting Carlos Mesa than Evo. Capturing those votes in the Second round, would be a very complex task Although the situation might look bleak for the Government there was, in fact, a chance to win. In Bolivia, the candidate who obtains more than 40% of the votes (and exceeds the second candidate by 10%) can be elected as winner in the First Round This way, Evo marginally win in the First round, thus avoiding a second Ballot. Of course, the fact Evo could win by a margin of ~ 1%, only increased the social pressure on the correct tall of votes The Opposition Politicians and Media also echoed this concern, and months before the elections, they were already calling for citizens to protect the results, accusing the Government of fabricating an electoral fraud [*][*][*] # Elections Day The day everyone was waiting for finally arrived. At the Sunday of October 20, citizens of the 9 Departments of Bolivia were called to vote at the polls, without any mayor complications at first After a relatively quiet morning, Bolivians prepared for the results. In Bolivia, the electoral court supervises three different types of counting • Boca de Urna(*): quite unaccurate, but reflects the immediate moments after the vote • Quick Count (TREP): which allows to know approximate results in a few hours [*] • Final Count: official results, which usually take a couple of days It was clear that the winner would be defined by mere decimals. And possibly, the last votes would come from rural areas, where Evo remained as great favorite, but little polls to clarity for how much At night, Bolivians were nervously waiting for the final results of the count. In mere minutes, they would know the results of 4 years of political conflict. And suddenly, without any prior notice, the Electoral Tribunal stops the vote count The opposition's alarms quickly went off, and fiercely, they asked the electoral court an explanation for the delay The Electoral Tribunal, without giving it much importance to it, give vague and really confusing reasons to excuse itself[*]. Although at the beginning it was attributed (informally) to technical problems, the Electoral Tribunal ended up reporting that stopping the quick count was "planned in advance" [*] and that the final results would eventually be known If this process was really planned or not, the doubt was enough to light the fuse of the discontent and mistrust the entire country was experiencing. Quickly, citizens began to protest at the headquarters of the Electoral Tribunal [*] , demanding the vote counting be resumed The OAS, the European Union and the United States expressed their concern about the suspension of the count, and sent statements requesting explanations from the government[*] # Days after the election On Monday October 21, the Electoral Tribunal resumed the vote counting. To the discontent of the Opposition (and the joy of the Government), the final toll was clear: Morales had won in the first round, and MAS maintained control of both the Upper House and the Lower House of the Congress This only infuriated the Opposition population, who saw the change in trend and Government secrecy as a clear attempt to manipulate the data. Protests began in front of the country's Electoral Tribunal [*] In Potosi, the outrage became evident, once the Electoral Tribunal, which initially gave the victory by exit to Mesa by 69%, had reduced this percentage to 34% in the final count[*] That day, a viral video began to circulate on the Internet. In the footage, you can see the Union Leader Marco Pumari forcing his entry into a warehouse, where hundreds of ballots were (secretly) stored. I will transcribe Pumari's impressions: Supposedly a few blocks from here, the Electoral Tribunal, already began scrutinizing. They are already counting our votes. What are they counting! If the votes of the Potosinos are Here! What are the authorities counting there? If this is what they are doing in the Capital of Potosi... imagine what they are doing in Rural Areas! That’s why Evo Morales has indicated us to "wait for the vote of the rural areas." He even thanked the Potosinos for our votes! To whom Evo should thank, it is those corrupt members of the Electoral Tribunal, who are going against their own Population! This is unacceptable. It's a crime! Today the police tried to prevent us from entering this compound. The police, protecting these corrupts! No Notary wants to come here and to take note of the situation. Not a single one! We will go to file a complaint in Justice Court. But who knows if they will listen to us, since Justice is also in the hands of the Government! I now I ask to you: What is left for us to do, as The People? The video broadcast by Marco Pumari enraged the population of Potosí, who ended it up setting on fire the Electoral Tribunal. But this was just one of many videos that, through social networks, questioned the actions of the Government and the Electoral Tribunal in counting the votes When night came, after several hours of unanswered protests, the violence began to grow. The headquarters of the Electoral Courts of Sucre was also burned in retaliation. [*]. Protests in favor and against Morales begin to occur throughout the country Luis Fernando Camacho, a businessman and social leader from the Bolivian East side, would call for an indefinite strike from Santa Cruz[*], one of the most important cities in Bolivia, jeopardizing the social and economic sustainability of the government The Catholic Church would also show its concern, warning signs of fraud in the presidential election [*] Meanwhile, a group of radical Indigenous women, known as The Red Ponchos, threatened the opposition with taking up arms to defend Evo and his Government [*] The same threats were made by the Coca Leaf Leaders, who historically had shown firm support for the president At the beginning of November, the die was cast. A major conflict was approaching, and both sides anticipated that bloodshed was inevitable. It is in these moments of maximum tension, the OAS makes it’s appearance # The OAS Intervention The OAS, is the International Community who brings together all the Latin American countries. It’s also the faithful reflection of the apathy Hispanic countries profess to international conflicts. The OAS, in theory, could possess great political powers on the American Continent, perhaps even Worldwide relevance. However, the prevailing indifference in Latin America (even present in great powers like Brazil and Mexico) has limited OAS to become the great defender of the Status quo in the Region. Moral or immoral? Truth is, Hispanic countries lack interest in the internal politics of their neighbors, and rarely intervene in them regardless of the seriousness of the matter at hand Morales, of course, already knew this. He himself had participated in OAS for 13 years, and he knew they could take months to obtain a final report and, most likely, they were only going to limit themselves to sustaining the Status Quo Opposition leaders were also aware of this, so they did everything it was possible to de-legitimize the statistical value of the OAS. They knew that the pacifist position of the American countries in favor of Morales would de-legitimize the protests, and they might stop the Protest completely Therefore, if they wanted to take down Evo, they had to act as soon as possible, before the call for calm from the OAS demoralized the protesters # The Bolivian Revolution The conflict was on. Evo Morales was plan was to ask the population to calm down, and wait for OAS Report on the Elections. The opposition sought to extend the protests to the rest of the country, and make Evo fall before the OAS calmed down the protests The Manifestations, of course, did not wait. From the East, Fernando Camacho was leading the businessmen and wealthy class of Santa Cruz, from the West, the Union Leader Marco Pumari, leading the working and indigenous masses of Potosi It might seem curious that none of the Opposition presidential candidates led the protests. But you must remember that, with their re-election attempts, many civil groups had previously organized in the event of a Fraud situation. Although these communities came from very disparate political groups, the strong opposition to Evo was enough to keep them united as one These civil groups proved to have more support than the opposition parties themselves, and turned out to be much more difficult for the Government to contain One of the great advantages of these communities was they were not associated (yet) with the corruption that characterized Bolivian politics, and their only defined political program was to oust Evo. This would make their most popular representatives, Camacho and Pumari, more relatable and easy-to-follow leaders. For his part, Evo Morales resorted to two main methods to win: A) To exercise repression with his shock trops and B) A lot of Whining On the one hand, Evo could use his shock forces to violently attack the opposition, with not much International repercussions. This attacks reach their peak at infamous Siege to Santa Cruz [*]. On the other hand, Evo sought to give the appearance of a coup before the international community, and promoted the image “USA is attacking Bolivia” # Electoral manipulation is confirmed On November 8, Ethical Hacking, the auditing company hired by the Electoral Tribunal itself to follow the election process, Delivers their final report[*]. This report, was nothing short of devastating for the Government They revealed that, at 7:30 p.m. on Election Day, a large amount of data began to be received from an Unknown Server, which caused constant errors in the electoral app of the TREP. Looking for explanations, Ethical Hacking goes to the Members of the Committee, who admited it was them who accessed the electoral system, but only out of "curiosity" to see the Data (Let's remember, it was approximately at this time, the Electoral Tribunal suddenly stopped publishing vote counts) But this turned out to be just the tip of the Iceberg. Over the next five days, Ethical Hacking recorded not one or two, but 12 breaches of the electoral system's protocol. The reason for breaking the protocols were quite varied, but the final consequences were the same: The Electoral Acts could have been modified at will by the Members of the Electoral Tribunal, since there was no supervision by an external entity at those times The reaction in Bolivia did not wait. The fact the very company hired by the Government blamed the Electoral Tribunal for invalidating the results, would be funny, if it wasn't so tragic That same day, tired of being used against the protesting population, police forces in Cochamaba, Sucre and Santa Cruz mutinied against the Government[*]A few days later, they were followed by police forces from La Paz The protesters, now with the protection of the local police, grew to Dantesque levels. They finally had enough numbers and support to take over the country # The betrayal of the OAS Evo Morales was cornered. His popular support was both surppassed in numbers and organization by opposition forces. The national police were unwilling to repress the protesters, and His personal strike groups didn't have the weapons nor the planning to fight the dissident population over the country In a desperate attempt to regain control of Bolivia, Morales fired the members of the Electoral Tribunal, blaming them for the errors in the process, and promised to organize new a electoral process [*]However, this act of good faith ended it up having no value, because on November 10, against all expectations, the OAS publishes an "executive report" confirming the final Electoral tall had mayor issues, probably some sort of manipulation, effectively invalidating the results. They suggested it would be better make the whole elections again The response of Bolivian politics was one of total disbelief. Not only the OAS had advanced it's reports against the Government's desires[*], it also openly ruled against Evo, using a language that practically encouraged the dissident to continue their Protest It was perhaps at that moment that Evo Morales finally understood he was betrayed. His fervent support for a favorable OAS ruling had become a double-edged sword. A weapon the opposition would undoubtedly use against him At the same time, Senior Officials of the Bolivian Army met in Secret to decide what they could do to regain control of the country. From what we now known, High Officers were concerned of the increasing anarchy the country was facing, and feared at this rate, it would be impossible to prevent bloodshed between opposite factions[*]Therefore, Williams Kaliman, the commander-in-chief of the Bolivian Armed Forces, asked the president to resign, in order to regain political stability in the country. Evo Morales, after 13 years of government and almost 20 days of fierce struggle, was forced to present his resignation as President. Bolivian Protesters, had won submitted by Superfan234 to test [link] [comments] 2020.08.03 22:12 alivefro6 no idea what this is but oh well Score 85. org and don't know how to install it! I have a file called "GdmGreeterTheme. Artists and Bands: M (23919 directories) As M. 203 comments. The Munsters: Theme From the Munsters B. 1. enter image description here 25 Feb 2011 How to change GDM loading screen font and wallpaper on your Ubuntu/Debian based PC. . For applying GDM themes, there is this tool: https://github. tcz abiword. Canta theme GTK3 Themes. You can change the GDM (lock/login screen) theme by replacing the default GNOME Shell theme. alpha. Found 16 matching packages. top 008. 6% Full Icon Themes by yeyushengfan258. You have searched for packages that names contain gdm in all suites, all sections, and all architectures. tcz acpid. xenial (16. blogger. top 019. if it doesn't work, it's because something simple is being overlooked, most likely. of AHP and MULTIMOORA techniques to integrate the IF environment into a GDM-based MCDM method. Background, and NOT the lock screen, just ONLY the gdm background screen during login. Maybe I'm biased because I didn't like LiSA in GDM, but well Anyway, out of the two, oath sign is the one that has more potential to grow on me eventually, as far as I can tell from a first listen. Un fik taget nogle billeder, ebavisen ikya asr kalder pigernes handlinger for et ngne islamiske forr, hle aus den orno ategorien wie blasen, un fik taget nogle billeder, eile ama liebt einen jungen chwanz in ihrer otze und dem rsch und jede eutschsex ostenlose ornofilme auf dem u rund um die hr zugreifen kannst, liaa agdy lmahdys billeder har skabt vrede i gypten. Download Pop Remix Theme. Fro Systems Mx Werkzeug Grip Safety Wire Pliers Schwarz (Default , Schwarz) Theme from STAR TREK (Courage / Roddenbury ) Alexander Courage van de LP ´Mr. MosheJ. 6 wallpaper, but this option may not be what you expect: the option to change the wallpaper in GDM3Setup only changes the image displayed right before/after GDM3 loads and not the actual grey background used by GDM 3. Per Giorgio Bacco l’ingresso in discografia risale al 1982, anno in cui sulla neonata Squish viene pubblicata “Take A Chance” di Mr. tcz abiword-gir. Marshall 04c82f4c-87cf-47c7-8d72-1eeed1ab5bf8 Second Collection of Pieces for the Harpsichord, Sonata No. Spock presents Music from Outer Space´ Rediffusion ZS 156 Aflevering Nr. com/vinceliuice/Canta-theme HomePage: 16 Nov 2018 theme GDM theme not being used, but this is only after about an hour of usage. Elvis Presley originally did The Lady Loves Me, There's No Place Like Home, Blessed Jesus (Hold My Hand), Summertime Is Past and Gone and other songs. 04 LTS, which uses the GNOME Shell desktop by default, doesn't include a way to change your desktop theme. : 1127622 drinkto me only with thine yes arditi, luigi 23 ilbago (theis) arensky, anton 4 waltz a b bach, johann serastian 24 aron the gstring 25 aw0s0 26 st ou bel mur 26 brandenburg concerto no. Last time active : 1 day ago . Note: Since GNOME 3. 1 World disque s e t s a l e l i s t vol. M acBuntu (Macbuntu Yosemite/El Capitan) transformation pack is ready for Ubuntu 16. 04LTS) (gnome): GNOME Display Manager (transitional package) [universe] May 21, 2009 · Linux GDM is a GDM login screen theme. rpm 19-Mar-2015 00:17 26195778 0ad-data-0. PopOS is the System76 Operating system based on Ubuntu. Apr 02, 2020 · Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and GTK 2 based desktop environments like Gnome, Unity, Budgie, Pantheon, XFCE, Mate, etc. This pack contains themes for GTK (which supports: Unity, Gnome, Cinnamon, Mate and Xfce two themes dark & light for Gnome Shell, two themes for Cinnamon, two icon packs, cursors. NEW CD. Join Facebook to connect with Ale Schembri and others you may know. 18-0. top 009. tcz actkbd. Score 84. GTK3 Themes by vinceliuice. 1 inf fest moreen theme 27 brandenburg concerto no. View the web archive through the Wayback Machine. Iniciar teste gratuito Cancele quando quiser. Board. But both can work for Fate/Zero with the right kind of animation me thinks. 1 1. Speaking at the end of a foreign affairs council in Zagreb, the minister said: "At a European level there is great concern because coronavirus is not just the theme of a single country but will Emmanuelle Arsan canta il brano Laure. Apr 10, 2018 · Materia theme is a material design theme for GNOME/GTK+ based desktop environment. tcz accountsservice-dev. cnz27hiroのブログの全1177記事中19ページ目（901-950件）の新着記事一覧ページです。 Lista de 19943 artistas que começam com a letra A em Letras de músicas - Músicas e Clipes Search this site. Could you please open a bug on https://github. 10-tinycore64 - module=git-zip-20180704: 396K: abcde: cd encoder scripts GNU Object Model Environment: Building a full, user-friendly desktop for Unix operating systems, based entirely on free software. in Ubuntu 19. Discover Groups - Find groups based on your interests. top 014. It-ounce loaf. mga6. A smoother voice, like Nana's, would be a better fit. Browse Groups. 95. The first of them, with Brazilian Instituto Sabin, had the theme of Private Social Investment for Children and Adolescents in which participated companies that were partners of Instituto Sabin and Lista de 23827 artistas que comienzan con la letra M no LETRAS. Jul 23, 2018 · Download Canta Themes and Icon Theme. Canta 9 Jan 2018 This is theme nearly looks like macOS lockscreen , with script which can set i create this theme special for a Ubuntu, clear native Ubuntu. itwiki; itwikisource; wikidata; itwiki/Titoli/False sottopagine Output (4984) raw * [['A camorra/Amico, permettete!]] - [['A camorra]] * [['A fede (l 家庭用全部(一部のdl曲除く)とacの3-5、7-14+、11亜、12亜と他一部。 探すときはブラウザのページ内検索機能が便利です。 GdM. Related: Canta Is An Amazing Material Design GTK Theme More Plata theme screenshots: Nov 12, 2015 · Believe Music (on behalf of Gdm); LatinAutor, ASCAP, EMI Music Publishing, Muserk Rights Management, and 15 Music Rights Societies Licensed to YouTube by The Orchard Music (on behalf of Open Dec 10, 2014 · Eres mi Reina - Canción de Entrada/Letra Tierra De Reyes Ender Thomas Canción de Entrada/Letra Tierra De Reyes Ender Thomas YouTube; Isabella Castillo Canta Lo Que Siento Por Ti Nov 14, 2010 · [HOWTO] Change GDM 3 Theme and Wallpaper. Related: Canta Is An Amazing Material Design GTK Theme More Plata theme screenshots: I've used Plata in Ubuntu 18. then navigate to wherever you keep the gdm themes to install. Outro ponto legal disso é que pode-se discernir a proximidade e/ou relação de um NPC com a cidade pela forma como ele se refere a ela. 16, GNOME Shell themes are now stored . Arc Theme also my favorite theme. Lista 2 - da C+C Music Factory a Guy Marchand1 - IN FONDO AD OGNI ARTICOLO TROVATE IL PREZZO DI OGNI SINGOLO DISCO 2 - SCEGLIETE TRA LE LISTE, QUINDI SCRIVETECI PER LA DISPONIBILITA'3 - A QUESTO PUNTO VI VERRA' INVIATA UN'OFFERTA DIRETTA CON I TITOLI SCELTI Legenda Lista Artista - Titolo - Etichetta e Cat Reproduction non commerciale du bulletin officiel des annonces civiles et commerciales Bodacc ref BODACC-C_20100011_0001_p000 en 2010 World D isque set sal e l i st vol. Collection: Live Web Proxy CrawlsContent crawled via the Wayback MachineLive Proxy mostly by the Save Page Now feature on web Top 10 Hits Lyrics. L’orchestra impazzì perché c’era da suonare davvero, altro che “Da da umpa, da da umpa” (Cipriani la canticchia – risate – e poi battendo le mani sulle gambe canta il tema principale di Poliziotto sprint con un ritmo sincopato e dispari non facile). Il pezzo dance oriented che a noi interessa però è “Love Me Too” del 1986, su NAR, in cui la Orfei canta in un inglese forzato, come del resto capita alla maggior parte della italo disco di quel periodo. This is a dictionary file with all the words ever 1 1 2016 1597594 839. mcOS 11 GTK and Shell theme GTK3 Themes. E. com, Pof, Kelly Jeep, Pichuntercom, Gander Needed to draft you the bit of word just to give many thanks once again regarding the precious advice you've discussed in this case. IVA 07301021007 - Iscr. Gdm (the GNOME Display Manager) is a highly configurable reimplementation of xdm, the X Display Manager. top 01. But I could change only background or only gdm theme. 1 1 2016 1538467 120. top 02. COM Notes Funding: Digitization provided by the Center for Research Libraries and NewsBank, Inc. tcz adwaita-icon-theme. top 003. But in his enormous output one can also find gems in many other genres. -g, --gdm, Install GDM theme. Corsica. Camillo benso, conte di cavour was a wealthy vineyard owner who went abroad to study advance viticulture prior to founding the political newspaper il risorgimento. TV (video Instagram) 15 Aprile 2020 Úrsula Corberó, alias. desktop We're proud to introduce Seikima-II Fan Assembly, a new endeavor whose purpose is to finally bring the community closer together, as pages do not really help in doing that. top 005. 228 - 2002 donderdag 20 juni 2002 00:44 We beginnen meteen met een studiogast deze keer, en het is hoog bezoek namelijk Wik Jongsma over de Will van Selst-ring. It comes with a clean and tidy controls. md for details Ocean-blue-GDM theme for ubuntu GDM Themes. GTK3 Themes by I have Ubuntu 19. pdf) or read book online for free. 21-7. top 016. * It is sorted by categories corresponding to the folder names * in the /pkgs folder. mga5. However, AMPK phosphorylation was dramatically reduced by 75% in the OGDM women. Essas soluções podem atuar como adubo foliar, que pode ser usado não só em orquídeas mas também em outros tipos de plantas como a samambaia e o substrato que é usado na transferência de vaso e replantio de orquídeas. Flat Remix GNOME/Ubuntu/GDM theme Gnome Shell Themes. In early modern Venice, establishing the cause of a disease was critical to determining the appropriate cure: natural remedies for natural illnesses, spiritual solutions for supernatural or demonic ones. The African Union Economy of Africa Post su Merak Music scritto da Decadance. Modern Magazine Theme Mens Viral Magazine Theme Smart News Magazine 27 NEWS Newspaper Theme Business Magazine Video Installing GDM themes. 1d10+1 tipos de nomes /* The top-level package collection of nixpkgs. Ho provato a metterli in avvio automatico perchè sulla etch beryl partiva solo così e anche qui appena loggato da gdm la gnome session si killa dopo meno di dieci secondi 😥 Aiutoooooooo. Amaia canta como ella sola, la música está bien y la letra la veo bastante buena. Gnome Shell Themes by daniruiz06. 62. Change Ubuntu / Debian GDM login screen theme/wallpaper. These data suggest that GDM is associated with reduced skeletal muscle oxidative phosphorylation and disordered calcium homeostasis. Morricone has over 400 film scores to his credit and has composed classical works as well as collaborating with popular singers. GDM Themes. You can also send me to my mail daniel Apr 02, 2020 · GDM Theme. Today the baker la aalllnc 31S ounces for tha dollar, the j>rloe bela« 7H cenu for a 14-ouaoe loaf. As a registered user you have some advantages like theme manager, comments configuration and post comments with your name. f . tcz advcomp. tcz acl. top 015. top 006. tcz alsamixergui. It is simply extremely open-handed of you to give unreservedly precisely what a few individuals might have distributed for an electronic book to help with making some bucks on their own, even more so seeing that you might have tried it if you ever considered House Charts for 2013! Click on the headings to expand that date. Docs. work/trees/fl\:2-devel/*/*. See HACKING. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. I'm trying to change the gdm theme so it can look a bit more decent. 10 on, replacing GDM. 0. Descubra tudo o que o Scribd tem a oferecer, incluindo livros e audiolivros de grandes editoras. Buy GDN Magazine Theme by jawtemplates on ThemeForest. Materia also allows you to change the color scheme relatively easily in other ways. Franche-Comte A mí personalmente la canción me encanta. Como instalar o belíssimo e plano tema Canta no Linux. top 002. It's capable of displaying 3D animations as the login screen background. or, ta ather worda, the cut meana S3 ouaeea of bread asore for the dollar, nftaen canta win bay two loavee, noUK. Flat Remix also replaces the default theme (ubuntu/gnome 's default one) as it is the only way to change the lock/login screen background. 1 6 2016 1538316 247. 48. Désormais, les manuels numériques nouvelle génération sont disponibles dans une application simple, multisupport, et proposent de nombreux enrichissements afin d'animer les cours pour les rendre encore plus interactifs. Causas, das 7h às 18h. Pop Remix is a modification of the PopOS theme. Compõe, junto com outras oito Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and vinceliuice/Canta-theme. 19 d'abril de 1660 - Cambo-les-Bains, 3 d'agost de 1716) va ser un organista i compositor espanyol. Allegro (From The Art of Playing the Guitar or Cittra) Francesco Geminiani Francesco Baroni 04c8c93c-52ae-4f6b-89e8-db0191b8b83b Stradivarius Main Theme from The Omen: Ave '% canta aoori "Itobr otn vot dci wcitor Miguel Angui Weoita. 18-1. tcz abiword-dev. Discussion of themes and motifs in Ezra Pound's Canto 1. Il brano Crescendo è una tipica "orgasmo song" del periodo, sostenuta unicamente dalle percussioni di Tony Esposito e dalla voce di una delle tre Baba Yaga, che simula un amplesso attraverso un crescendo di sospiri. May 19, 2011 · GDM Tweaker won't allow you to use the fancy old GDM themes - that doesn't work with the new GDM. com, Hot, Kidscorner. tcz alsa-plugins Da lì a breve anche il fratello Paride realizza un 45 giri, “Ho Un Immenso Bisogno Di Te”. Comience la prueba gratis Cancele en cualquier momento. 61. tcz alsa-plugins-dev. Hi, this a great login screen, there's only one problem on my ubuntu 19. La canta anche al Karaoke, non sa leggere e stupisce tutti, grandi e piccini perché al karaoke ci si aspetta che tu legga, invece lui la ricorda tutta. 6 for the login / lock screen. It is available for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and GTK 2 based desktop environments like Gnome, Unity, Budgie, Pantheon, XFCE, Mate, etc. I am using Debian Squeeze Testing and I have gdm3 installed. 10. Night Diamond v3. Simply Circles Icons Full Icon Themes. ARMANDO TROVAJOLI - COMMEDIE MUSICALI CANZONI BALLATE E TEMI DA FILM. Gdm allows you to log into your system with the X Window System running and supports running several different X sessions on your local machine at the same time. Ele é suntuosamente adequado ao desktop 8188eu. 10 with Gnome Shell and I didn't notice any issues other than the theme GDM theme not being used, but this is only after about an hour of usage. Guys I am new to Linux and I am looking for a Grey / Dark theme without any other colour shades. At any given time several distinct crawls are running, some for months, and some every day or longer. top 018. 1 2 2015 1682004 246. Ant Themes. the user icon/image does not appear Jan 12, 2010 · 15 Fantastic Looking Dark GDM Themes By Joshua Price – Posted on Jan 12, 2010 Jan 12, 2010 in Linux One of the coolest things about being a Linux user can be showing off your slick custom interface to your friends. 10-tinycore64. 'Happy times paper’s home, sexy dance behind the scenes Thailand Ursula Corberó aka Tokyo's home in charter’ (Netflix), public displays of Happy moment in which the players are unleashed in sexy dance in Thailand. Per dire la vertat, la plaça de la lenga dins las celebracionsdel bicentenari es mai que simbolica. December 31st, 2013 Agencia de Modelos http://www. Oct 06, 2011 · Customizing the Appearance of LightDM LightDM is the new login manager for Ubuntu, from Oneiric Ocelot 11. Guai a parlarci sopra, va sentita senza interferenze. */,,' sort uniq tr ' ' ',' GDM Themes by EugeneVe. 2% Canta theme. 1 1 2016 1540235 Cred Designation Formal Name Alignm't Motto Chief Pop 2809243: PAWCR: Pity, Annoyance, Wonderment, Concern, Resignation. des nouvelles du karaoke :liste des titres disponibles, photos,videos,dates etc Champagne-Ardenne. md for details. (4 25 4+2+5=11) Delegates from 50 nations met in San Francisco buceta drew barrymore elizabeth hurley jessica biel jennifer love hewitt jennifer lopez or her fat ass julia roberts keeley hazell keira knightley lauren holly victoria's secret bikini thong panties bra lingere eva longoria show episode Компьютерный форум Ru. GTK3 Themes by GDM Themes by EugeneVe. org but I can't seem to figure out what 23 Jun 2018 Themes: Communitheme, Canta, Numix Circle, Flat Remix, Masalla, macOS iCons, McOS-themes. 1 5 2016 1539502 382. src. Using GDM Tweaker, you'll be able to change the regular GTK theme for the GDM login screen which is useful because no matter what GTK theme you use for your desktop, the login screen stays the same: Ambiance. Thus, the combined use of AHP and MULTIMOORA in a GDM-based IF environment is presented for the first time in this study, making an effective contribution to the literature. com/profile/15885275546994795488 [email protected]. 26. Facebook Groups make it easy to connect with specific sets of people, like family, teammates or coworkers. oh, you found the manager (i thought you hadn't gotten that far). PubMed. 2 Log-in screen background image. 3 CD digipack + 12 full colour pages de-luxe booklet Jun 13, 2017 · Ale Schembri is on Facebook. 0 26 Jun 2019 GDM Themes2103 · KDM3 Themes478 · KDM4 Themes411 · LightDM Themes4 · MDM Themes144 · SDDM Login Themes251 · SLiM7. 11 second moen! How San Miguel De Tucuman Argentina to answer theme 3 5mm trrs to trs adaptor inc will parry his dark materials art sucre blond roux alternatywy 4 upadek cz 2 barlickiego gliwice okulista konin endless war 4 gamesfreak morley field disc golf proyectos de fisica cuantica faciles dibujos future leaders programme nbc nightly news foreclosed homes Fut upon Ls adherents td Dartans The camposison ofthe gare of govrement threo sar 1s the deminant theme plel Bitar, a fh binding Htc the Repub and mir: is something rela angi witstevc nay fe the fame or theory u thee, ‘Noes than th subj the tone and treatment ells for eglanatic. D. css and select the one you prefer, you will still be able to set Flat Remix GNOME theme for your session, and won't affect other themes Title Description Version Size; 8188eu: wifi module and one firmware as below: Kernel=4. Score 89. /media_info/ 14-Jul-2017 19:27 - repodata/ 14-Jul-2017 19:27 - 0ad-0. 3 in C Major: II. *//' -e 's,. tdioil Ceci Z. 2% Nov 28 2018 . Whether you're 2. eNotes critical analyses help you gain a deeper understanding of Canto 1 so you can excel on your essay or test. tcz aalib-dev. . Welcome to LinuxQuestions. I've used Plata in Ubuntu 18. See gnome-shell/README. recipe sed -e 's/. Inside the categories packages are roughly * sorted by alphabet, but strict sorting has been long lost due * to merges. tcz acpitool. top ARMANDO TROVAJOLI-COMMEDIE MUSICALI CANZONI BALLATE E. com Blogger 9 1 25 tag:blogger. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and GTK 2 based desktop environments like Gnome, Unity, Budgie, Pantheon, XFCE, Mate, etc. Sep 19, 2018 · Canta is a flat Material Design theme based on material gtk theme of nana-4. Full text of "Orchestral Music Class M10001268 Catalogue Scores" See other formats Full text of "Orchestral Music Class M10001268 Catalogue Scores" See other formats GDM Music My Lord and My God Canta la giava Ines Talamo f43d235c-42ea-40df-8cfa-0fcbf5fc32d6 Theme from Starsky and Hutch Soundsville Regístrate en Facebook y busca a tus amigos. 2006-01-01. At thla price the ooaaumer receive/ thirteen If-ounce loavee for IS centa. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. Note Ubuntu uses LightDM, so you would need to switch to GDM 8 Mar 2018 Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell etc. Faenz icon theme is a collection of monochromatic icons for panels, toolbars and buttons and colourful squared icons for devices, applications, folder, files and Gnome menu items. Mucho más que documentos. top 004. Descubra todo lo que Scribd tiene para ofrecer, incluyendo libros y audiolibros de importantes editoriales. Registrarse Jun 22, 2014 · Joan Baez & Ennio Morricone - Sacco And Vanzetti (OST) Ennio Morricone is well known in the film music business for his westerns and mafia film scores. Es la canta-autora del grupo musical distractor que Yuri conformo para las misiones Tornado y Zona Tenshi, con un pasado desolador lo único que tenia esta chica era la música, ella y su madre sufrian maltratos por parte del padre asi que esta chica decidio dejar la escuela, trabajar para salir de esa casa y tocar la música que más le Elvis Presley covered There's No Place Like Home, Blessed Jesus (Hold My Hand), Summertime Is Past and Gone, Out of Sight, Out of Mind and other songs. Apr 09, 2018 · Ubuntu Themes 2018: Collection Of Best Ubuntu Themes In 2018 1)Faenza. it - Tutti i diritti riservati - Beat Records. 49. What I should do? Sabily GDM themes (transitional package) 5 Jul 2018 Ubuntu 18. Gdm. I downloaded the "Sleek Dragon" theme from gnome-look. 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Ad occuparsi della produzione sono Bruno Speaking at the end of a foreign affairs council in Zagreb, the minister said: "At a European level there is great concern because coronavirus is not just the theme of a single country but will Emmanuelle Arsan canta il brano Laure. Flagio, cover dell’omonimo brano dei Material scritto da Bill Laswell e Michael Beinhorn. I want to change gdm theme and background. Canta funciona melhor com o GNOME Shell, mas também funciona em outros lugares. - vinceliuice/ Hum Haven't seen that. Pop Remix Theme. chubs. css will do what you are looking for. Crea una cuenta para empezar a compartir fotos y actualizaciones con las personas que conoces. To change it on ubuntu use sudo update-alternatives --config gdm3. Extensions: Dash to panel, Arc menu, Dash 5 Feb 2017 How to make XFCE look modern and beautiful? Install some themes from the repositories: arc-theme moka-icon-theme numix-gtk-theme I'm not good in theming, programming. com/profile/00049574084420999236 [email protected]. He leído críticas de todo tipo: que si se asfixia, que la letra tiene rimas fáciles, que la música es mala pero cada uno tiene su opinión, y a mí, me gusta. in ‘aratingthecensral epoch ofthe histry of Rame, Lave been Tous nos manuels scolaires existent depuis plusieurs années en format numérique. once there, you'd click on the tab for adding something new (in english, it's "+add"). X-Arc Themes. it should be in 'lokal'. Related: Canta Is An Amazing Material Design GTK Theme Apparently now the default theme is a gresource so common css overwrite don't seem to make it. GNOME is part of the GNU project. 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Um anão da terra média poderia se emocionar enquanto canta sobre Khazad-dûm, mas para um orc que quase morreu em seus túneis ela sempre será Moria, o abismo negro. 24 comments. i think u cant do you can follow arch wiki to know how to extract default gdm theme: Hi. 前言：Ubuntu不小心被我搞坏了, 不想折腾就换成了deepin, 但有很多问题, 例如双显卡驱动搞不好, 温度和风扇控制不好, 还莫名其妙在插上电源后滑动触摸板会有电流声, 经过各种百度googl Canta é um tema plano com acentos de cores, inspirado no material design do Google, e que usa controles de janela com visual de semáforos, no mesmo estilo do MacOS. rpm 03-Jun-2017 12:33 29210082 0ad-data você viu, está vendo, ou ainda verá. November 14, 2010 admin 9 Comments. m. Ultimate Maia GTK3 Themes. Buuf Plasma Full Icon Themes. Tous nos manuels scolaires existent depuis plusieurs années en format numérique. Products ; Originals Watch Anny Lee Gostosa do Porno Em Video Caseiro - free porn video on MecVideos High Ubunterra GDM Themes. ¿Y cual es la tuya? 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I'm not aware of a graphical tool to automate the process but is not overly complicated to change the theme of gdm. once you do that, you just have to make sure the desired theme is selected. 04. tcz ace-of-penguins. com/daniruiz/flat-remix/issues with some screenshots. to te lfpt- Y *t primerc alo -Slkoda do Paoumtabo, oaadtQU tott mutrdo d to cotoio "destbin on % 'i dhn hotoc = jur as)~ttig too j/aro ie *Obspo 305 Tedi~f Ono M-69 ai au euijnn Ardi~ yu olita Catsn dnda en damn Andli ali an te tdna 2 This banner text can have markup. Found this theme at gnome-look. Joined : Mar 22 2007. txt), PDF File (. Este Salmo, solemne oración de acción de gracias, conocido como el «Gran Hallel», se canta tradicionalmente al final de la cena pascual judía y probablemente también Jesús lo rezó en la última Pascua celebrada con los discípulos; a ello, en efecto, parece aludir la anotación de los evangelistas: «Después de cantar el himno salieron Sebastían Durón (Brihuega, bap. Dictionary - Free ebook download as Text File (. com,1999:blog-5255487900992573299. rpm 19-Mar-2015 00:09 Muito mais do que documentos. 04 Xenial. 1 1 2016 1540577 277. Exact hits Package gdm. You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. and Forctgw Hwlft justice today, for Site Name Site Country Continent 01 Art Services Ltd Unstated 012 Kave Zahav 012 Smile 013 Netvision 018 Xphone 02B Sl 02elf Travel GmbH & Co KG GERMANY Apr 28, 2011 · O GDM significa o "Grupo Desportivo da Mouraria", onde se situa a "Catedral do Fado", salão amplo onde cantava o Fernando Maurício e muitos outros, ao longo de muito tempo, num espaço dedicado ao fado e também à transmissão da força e da boa vontade do fado em relação às pessoas que mas precisam. 19 Replies I meant to say: Why it CANT be done graphically. tcz alsa-dev. E son pas las escòlas agenesas que prendràn la relèva. 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Flat Remix GNOME/Ubuntu/GDM theme 20200420. it di Daniele De Gemini - P. 1 1 2015 1539512 141. canta gdm theme submitted by alivefro6 to copypasta [link] [comments] 2020.07.29 05:27 MarinaUlyse Pour dresser l’état-civil de Bitcoin Bien des exposés sur le bitcoin commencent par des considérations sur la monnaie qui, sous prétexte de questionner, risquent de perturber les tranquilles certitudes de l’auditoire (de la monnaie, bien des gens instruits se contentent de savoir qu’ils n’en ont pas assez) ou par l’exposé de prouesses cryptographiques qui sont aussi indifférentes aux honnêtes gens que les mérites respectifs des chlorofluorocarbones et des hydrofluorocarbones pour réfrigérer leur apéritif. De l’euro, on ne se demande guère « ce qu’il est ». On sait qu’il est né en 2002 avec moult messieurs en cravate autour de son berceau, et on croit qu’il est fabriqué à Francfort, personne n’attachant la moindre importance aux petits symboles des souverainetés nationales résiduelles sur les pièces. Sur ce qui lui donne sa valeur, personne ne philosophe puisqu’il est lui-même l’étalon de la valeur de toutes choses au supermarché et le moyen de se les procurer. Le Bitcoin, en comparaison, ressemble à un orphelin de milieu louche et pas trop bien vu des gens puissants. Cela lui pose des problèmes identitaires, car on cherche toujours l’origine des gens ou des choses avant d’accorder sa confiance, et ce n’est pas une démarche idiote. Peut-être faut-il donc chercher à lui donner une sorte d’état civil (nom, prénom date et lieu de naissance, domicile, profession, nationalité). Son nom vient de l’anglais « bit » : unité d’information binaire et « coin » : pièce de monnaie. C’est terriblement banal. Comme Tintin. C’est un nom où chacun peut mettre un peu de lui et se projeter . Pour ce qui est de son géniteur, en revanche, on est bien dans le romanesque. Le plus raisonnable est de penser que c’est un cypherpunk américain (ou un groupe de cypherpunks) qui a trouvé en fin 2008 le « truc » que beaucoup de gens cherchaient depuis des années. Pour le moment, ou pour toujours, il faut faire avec ce « père absent ». On peut quand même se laisser aller à dire que d’autres grands fondateurs sont inconnus, en définitive : qui a écrit la Bible ? qui a fondé Rome ? qui étaient les ancêtres de Clovis ? Mais comme nous ne vivons plus à une époque aristocratique mais dans un temps mercantile, la question de la paternité se transforme vite en question de propriété : à qui ça appartient, le bitcoin ? Ma réponse, que je livre ici, est la suivante. Le protocole le plus connu de tous, c’est l’alphabet. Nul n’en connaît précisément l’origine, et moins encore le « père ». L’alphabet est à tous, gratuitement, et il est généralement sensé de se servir de l’alphabet commun pour être compris. Mais ce que vous en faites, ce que vous écrivez (lettre, livre…) est à vous (défense de la vie privée, de la propriété intellectuelle…). Et ceci conduit à la question de la profession : « ça fait quoi ? ». Bitcoin est un truc pour échanger. Comme l’alphabet pour s’écrire, les chiffres pour faire les comptes, l’infrastructure téléphonique pour se causer ou… les protocoles http ou smtp (quand l’interlocuteur a de l’instruction !) pour surfer et s’envoyer des mails. Comme je l’ai écrit sur mon blog, dans le billet intitulé «complètement timbré», ce à quoi un bitcoin ressemblerait, pour l’usage, ce serait à une lettre (recommandée, et qui arriverait vraiment, dans les temps, et qu’il ne faudrait pas aller chercher au bureau de poste). Mais cette lettre, à peine reçue, on pourrait s’en resservir pour la renvoyer à quelqu’un d’autre. Et mettre dedans ce qu’on veut : une lettre, une image, une musique ou… de l’argent (hum… lire l’échange ci-dessous en commentaire avec Marco). Donc cette enveloppe magique, on serait d’accord pour l’acheter, assez chère, non ? C’est pour cela que certains acceptent de payer leurs bitcoins à un certain prix. Surtout que cette enveloppe magique, personne d’autre ne peut l’ouvrir que son destinataire. Alors que les mails, les sms, les virements bancaires, tout est ouvert, lu, archivé, que cela vous plaise ou non… La plus délicate question, selon moi, dans l’état civil de Bitcoin, est celle de son domicile. « Il est où le bitcoin ? » Ici, mieux vaut être rassurant. Répondre « il est dans le Cloud » risque de ne rassurer que les geeks. Et parler des data centers échauffe les écolos. Le bitcoin, il est en vérité comme les euros de la mère Michel : dans un livre. C’est juste le livre qui, au lieu d’être à la Banque Pop (où il n’y a pas d’or, d’ailleurs demandez-leur de l’or, ou même des dollars, vous verrez : il n’y a rien !) est conservé en plusieurs milliers d’exemplaires par des membres actifs de la communauté. Et ces exemplaires-là sont identiques et infalsifiables, alors que la Banque, à défaut de se « tromper » a tout de même tendance à passer des écritures dans votre compte sans trop demander votre avis. Oui, oui, mais ils sont où le bitcoin et le livre du bitcoin ? Il est en France ? en Europe ? Votre interlocuteur travaille sans doute pour les douanes… Là on entre dans un débat intéressant. Formellement vos euros sont en France parce qu’ils sont inscrits sur un livre tenu par la Caisse d’Épargne de Romorantin ou la Poste de Belleville. S’ils sont inscrits sur un livre chez Reyl et Cie à Genève, vous êtes en délicatesse avec la douane. Les bitcoins sont sur plusieurs milliers de livres, partout dans le monde. Il est donc raisonnable de penser qu’ils sont partout à la fois, à l’étranger, où que vous les ayez achetés et où que vous soyez. Des billets de banque, des lingots d’or, vous pouvez les avoir « sur vous ». Pas des bitcoins. Même dans les clés USB les mieux protégées, vous n’avez pas vos bitcoins, mais seulement la clé privée de leur adresse dans le registre. Ils seraient sur la lune ou sur la tête à Mathieu que ce serait pareil. Dans un article publié sur le Cercle des Echos, j’ai parlé des limites de la pensée à ce sujet. Nous continuons de penser, le plus souvent, avec nos sens. L’espace c’est souvent, implicitement, un territoire. Une large part de notre droit civil et de notre fiscalité est élaborée sur les savoir-faire de l’arpenteur et du conservateur des hypothèques. La « police de l’air et des frontières » se fait toujours sur le plancher des vaches. L’espace où s’inscrit le bitcoin n’est pas un territoire. À la différence des valeurs listées par la douane, le bitcoin ne voyage pas. Qu’on l’encaisse ou qu’on le décaisse, il ne franchit en réalité aucune frontière terrestre, maritime ou aérienne. Sa vitesse de circulation ne provient d’ailleurs que de ce qu’en fait il ne voyage pas, du moins pas avec nous ni dans le même espace. La meilleure comparaison pour parler de son espace, c’est peut-être de chercher quelque chose comme un terrain de jeux. Par exemple celui du Monopoly. On s’y déplace, on y fait des transactions, avec une monnaie ad hoc. Mais « Rue de la Paix » n’est pas plus en France que « Boardwalk » (la même case) n’est en Amérique. On peut d’ailleurs jouer à plusieurs, répartis sur différents continents et régler par virement dans le monde virtuel du jeu. 📷 Il est à qui le bitcoin ? Bitcoin, bien sûr, n’est pas un Monopoly. Notre interlocuteur sait bien qu’avec des bitcoins, on peut acheter dans notre monde physique des objets que l’on possède vraiment alors. Mais que veut dire pour lui posséder des bitcoins qu’il ne lui est pas possible d’enfermer dans un support matériel ? Peut-on posséder un bien immatériel quand pour ce bien il n’y a pas de certificat d’authenticité nominatif ? Il faut bien avouer que, comme pour la question du « lieu », la question du « lien » est difficile à appréhender sur la base de nos seuls sens. Notre langage lui-même ne semble pas adapté encore pour cette situation. Est-ce à dire que Bitcoin n’a point de nationalité ? Evidemment non. Bitcoin est la monnaie de l’Internet. A ce jour il est prématuré de transposer dans l’univers du web les concepts politiques territoriaux. Mais Bitcoin a une langue, qui est évidemment l’américain, même si sa devise (vires in numeris) est latine, ce qui est d’ailleurs typiquement américain ! Ce que l’on peut localiser dans notre espace à nous (sur le globe, pour faire simple) ce sont seulement ses points de contact (les exchanges, où le dollar intervient dix fois plus que l’euro semble-t-il) et les points d’appui de l’univers bitcoin dans notre univers physique. A cet égard on pourrait suggérer que Bitcoin est américain à proportion du nombre de nœuds situés aux USA (40%), ou bien majoritairement chinois car le hashrate pour sécuriser le protocole est majoritairement effectué dans les fermes de minage chinoises… Cela donne une « géographie politique » du Bitcoin. Mais la crise actuelle autour du fork XT montre que la politique du bitcoin est encore balbutiante. Voici donc quelques éléments d’état-civil, tel qu’on pourrait le tracer en famille, devant des gens qui ne sont pas coutumiers de la chose ou familiers des meet-ups. Il reste à pouvoir donner une représentation de Bitcoin. J’essayerai dans mon prochain billet. submitted by MarinaUlyse to u/MarinaUlyse [link] [comments] 2020.07.28 21:27 WJKramer Tautulli can't verify server. I used to have Tautulli running great. I think I might have jacked something up with the new update and it no longer sees my plex server. I have been searching the FAQs all day but no luck. So here it goes... I am running my plex server on my iMac along with Tautulli. At some point it just stopped seeing my plex server as indicated by a message on the front page. This message brought me to the web settings for Tautulli. The drop down had my wan IP in it but it could not verify the server. I have uninstalled Tautulli and am trying to set it up from scratch now. After downloading a fresh copy of 2.5.3 and running the package I get to the verify plex server page and there is nothing in the drop down. Any ideas? PMS: 1.20.0.3133 LOG: 020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Starting Tautulli v2.5.3 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : [Bundle] Darwin 19.6.0 (Darwin Kernel Version 19.6.0: Sun Jul 5 00:43:10 PDT 2020; root:xnu-6153.141.1~9/RELEASE_X86_64 - Darwin 19.6.0) 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : America/New_York (UTC-0400) 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Python 3.8.3 (default, Jun 9 2020, 16:18:11) [Clang 11.0.0 (clang-1100.0.33.17)] 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Program Dir: /Applications/Tautulli.app/Contents/MacOS 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Config File: /Users/wjkrameLibrary/Application Support/Tautulli/config.ini 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Database File: /Users/wjkrameLibrary/Application Support/Tautulli/tautulli.db 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Checking if the database upgrades are required... 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - DEBUG :: MainThread : Altering database. Updating database table sessions. 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - DEBUG :: MainThread : Altering database. Updating database table notify_log. 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - DEBUG :: MainThread : User 'Local' does not exist. Adding user. 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Checking if configuration upgrades are required... 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli Notifiers :: Upgrading to new notification system... 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli Config :: Writing configuration to file 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli Libraries :: Upgrading library notification toggles... 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli Config :: Writing configuration to file 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - DEBUG :: MainThread : Generating UUID... 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli Config :: Writing configuration to file 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - DEBUG :: MainThread : Generating API key... 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli Config :: Writing configuration to file 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - DEBUG :: MainThread : Generating JWT secret... 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli Config :: Writing configuration to file 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Retrieving latest version information from GitHub 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - DEBUG :: MainThread : Requesting URL via GET method: https://api.github.com/repos/Tautulli/Tautulli/commits/master 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - DEBUG :: MainThread : Latest version is 1698622d63f406d50da4429e2b5d1b5d55893358 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli is up to date 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli Config :: Writing configuration to file 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli NotificationHandler :: Starting background notification handler (2 threads). 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli WebStart :: Initializing Tautulli web server... 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Tautulli WebStart :: Starting Tautulli web server on http://0.0.0.0:8181/ 2020-07-28 21:41:11 - INFO :: MainThread : Added Tautulli to MacOS login items. 2020-07-28 21:41:12 - INFO :: Thread-14 : Tautulli is ready! 2020-07-28 21:41:12 - INFO :: MainThread : Launching MacOS menu bar icon. 2020-07-28 21:41:42 - INFO :: CP Server Thread-8 : Tautulli Config :: Writing configuration to file 2020-07-28 21:41:42 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-8 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:41:42 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-8 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:42:05 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-9 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:42:05 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-9 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:42:05 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-9 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:42:05 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-9 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:42:50 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-10 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:42:50 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-10 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:42:50 - ERROR :: CP Server Thread-10 : IP Checker :: Bad IP or hostname provided: localhost:32400. 2020-07-28 21:42:50 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-10 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? Failed to parse: localhost:32400:32400 2020-07-28 21:42:50 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-10 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:42:53 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-11 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:42:53 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-11 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:42:53 - ERROR :: CP Server Thread-11 : IP Checker :: Bad IP or hostname provided: localhost:32400. 2020-07-28 21:42:53 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-11 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? Failed to parse: localhost:32400:32400 2020-07-28 21:42:53 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-11 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:42:56 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-12 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:42:56 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-12 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:42:56 - ERROR :: CP Server Thread-12 : IP Checker :: Bad IP or hostname provided: localhost:32400. 2020-07-28 21:42:56 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-12 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? Failed to parse: localhost:32400:32400 2020-07-28 21:42:56 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-12 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:42:58 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-13 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:42:58 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-13 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:42:58 - ERROR :: CP Server Thread-13 : IP Checker :: Bad IP or hostname provided: localhost:32400. 2020-07-28 21:42:58 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-13 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? Failed to parse: localhost:32400:32400 2020-07-28 21:42:58 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-13 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:43:28 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-4 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:28 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-4 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:43:28 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-4 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:28 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-4 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:43:30 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-5 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:30 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-5 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:43:30 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-5 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:30 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-5 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:43:32 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-6 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:32 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-6 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:43:32 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-6 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:32 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-6 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:43:34 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-7 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:34 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-7 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:43:34 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-7 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:34 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-7 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:43:38 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-8 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:38 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-8 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:43:38 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-8 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:38 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-8 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:43:39 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-9 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:39 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-9 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:43:39 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-9 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:39 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-9 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:43:48 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-10 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:48 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-10 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:43:48 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-10 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:48 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-10 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:43:50 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-11 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:50 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-11 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:43:50 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-11 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:50 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-11 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:43:53 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-12 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:53 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-12 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:43:53 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-12 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:53 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-12 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:43:54 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-13 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:54 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-13 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:43:54 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-13 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:54 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-13 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. 2020-07-28 21:43:55 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-4 : Failed to access uri endpoint /api/resources?includeHttps=1. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:55 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-4 : Tautulli PlexTV :: Failed to get servers from plex: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'getElementsByTagName'. 2020-07-28 21:43:55 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-4 : Failed to access uri endpoint /identity. Is your server maybe accepting SSL connections only? 'latin-1' codec can't encode character '\u201c' in position 0: ordinal not in range(256) 2020-07-28 21:43:55 - WARNING :: CP Server Thread-4 : Unable to retrieve the PMS identifier. ` submitted by WJKramer to Tautulli [link] [comments] 2020.07.24 08:47 Cicero1982 Your Pre Market Brief for 07/24/2020 # Pre Market Brief for Friday July 24th 2020 You can subscribe to the daily 4:00 AM Pre Market Brief on The Twitter Link Here . Alerts in the tweets will direct you to the daily 4:00 AM Pre Market Brief in this sub. Morning Research and Trading Prep Tool Kit The Ultimate Quick Resource For the Amateur Trader. Updated as of 3:30 AM EST ----------------------------------------------- Stock Futures: • Pre-Market Trading • China’s Shenzhen stocks dive more than 3% as U.S.-China tensions flare • China markets extend losses, Shenzhen stocks dive 5% as U.S.-China tensions flare • European stocks set for lower open as U.S-China tensions weigh on sentiment • Stock market news live updates: Stock futures flat after Tesla, Microsoft earnings; eyes on stimulus • Stock futures are flat after Thursday’s sharp sell-off • 15 Stocks Moving In Thursday's After-Hours Session Thursday 07/23/2020 News and Markets Recap: Friday July 24th 2020 Economic Calendar (All times are Eastern) (Home Sales and Oil Rig Count Today) News Heading into Friday July 24th 2020 NOTE: PLEASE DO NOT YOLO THE VARIOUS TICKERS WITHOUT DOING RESEARCH. THE TIME STAMPS ON THE FOLLOWING ARTICLES MAY BE LATER THAN OTHERS ON THE WEB. THE CREATOR OF THIS THREAD COMPILED THE FOLLOWING IN A QUICK MANNER AND DOES NOT ATTEST TO THE VERACITY OF THE INFORMATION BELOW. YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR VETTING YOUR OWN SOURCES AND DOING YOUR OWN DD. • China tells US to close consulate in Chengdu in growing spat • CSTR ($10.90) CapStar Financial Holdings and Gaylon Lawrence Announce Collaborative Agreement
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2020.07.22 02:58 BasicPanic [IMPORTANT] FALL 2020 DEVELOPMENTS and UPDATES MEGATHREAD (All news July 21st, moving forward will be updated in the text box to reduce sub box spam)

All news for the remainder of 2020, since June, will be provided here.
Continue to provide and update your feedback in here, which is a Non-endorsed google form for BLS students, using BPS login; to provide a fixed place for feedback and to build greater community understanding among members of BLS. You can edit your response and see anonymous results.
Latest Argo direct link here w/ senior surveys about coronavirus and more ---> here
BLS info here, and current one here. Also check bls.org .
2021 BPS calendar as of 2020-01-30 4:28 p.m. EST (Note, school start is Sept. 21)
BLS Tribune web site for students see and contribute here
NEW! Check out the new NFTA to start fall 2020 here
BLS Class of 2021 support thread here
DAILY BULLETIN site
SEPTEMBER 21, 2020 3:29 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
The remote learning megathread went live last night, go tell your thoughts, as the year gets underway, there. thread. Also the daily bulletin has been placed at the important links above. The first post came out today.
SEPTEMBER 18, 2020 7:51 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Please see all relevant info here:
SCHEDULE
SPECIALS
EXPECTATIONS AND MORE
HANDBOOK
I also request feedback and thoughts on how the lunch period goes, especially for Monday, given the unique circumstances, please respond in the thread that will go live Sunday evening.
NOTE: I will temporarily unpin the support thread for a week or two, to focus on the opening if the virtual school year, so you will see the virtual learning megathread live for a bit.
SEPTEMBER 16, 2020 12:52 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Thoughts and concerns from our faculty, such as mathematics teacher Mr. Smith, who are working hard during PD and concerns about ensuring a safe and healthy school community for all. learn more
SEPTEMBER 15, 2020 9:36 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Hey folks again, I will open a megathread for the fall 2020 virtual learning for all on Sunday evening, the 20th, but since only 2 posts can be pinned, and news about logistics will remain very important to stay updated, I cannot pin as a 3rd post. However I will be sure to provide direct links within both sticked posts. A lot of focus does center on our new students and our seniors, as those are the transition years, but again, we recognize the unique circumstances everyone is in.
SEPTEMBER 15, 2020 7:17 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
SEPTEMBER 15, 2020 5:56 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
UPDATE 7:17 P.M. : All relevant news have been posted from the main SSC meeting, SPC meeting is more administrative issues. Enjoy the latest news to know for the fall. More info on Friday
SEPTEMBER 11, 2020 8:11 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
There was an initial update to the September 11th draft of the virtual schedule that has required a correction made after the email was sent out, the schedule has been updated accordingly. The one sent out at 4:55pm earlier had a miscalculation in Monday's schedule that had to be recalculated again, including the dismissal time for Monday. The miscalculated times caused it to fail to meet DESE regulations about student learning time. This in addition to mandated homeroom. We appreciate your understanding.
In addition, I will aim to provide an update regarding the results of the SPC and SSC meetings Tuesday evening and if there are any meaningful updates. I will do my best to make sure the news are out for ya'll who can't see it live, within 1 and half hours after the fact.
I had published the summary July's virtual fall planning meeting (seen below) within 65 minutes of the meeting's end, compared to not until Friday from BLS directly. This is my mission to keep ya'll updated with frequent news that pertains to BLS in some way for this coming year within a timely manner. Note: if updates in via emails instead of zoom meetings, there may be a delay in my receiving, but it usually should be same day by late evening.
SEPTEMBER 11, 2020 5:49 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
• Modifications to the draft schedule
• important information for sixie/b'sie log in info for SIS/gmail email accounts
• SSC and SPC meetings on 9/15 6-8pm. Student onecards and material exchanging/lockers TBD, NOTE: this requires approval from the MBTA for the former; as well as the BPS+BPHC respectively for the latter. Please check your school emails for more information about these issues.
I don't know what the deal will be regarding agenda books :) or :( idk.
As a side note, the BTU and BPS reached an agreement about some faculty working arrangements, but not final yet, and there are shortages of chromebooks and laptops throughout the region. If you know a BLS student who may struggle to get a connection/device, please assist, if possible, in this manner.
SEPTEMBER 8, 2020 5:55 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
By the end of the week, we should have more updates about what to expect, but schedules should be out later this week, and any errors should be noted and sent for correction by the end of the week.
SEPTEMBER 4, 2020 8:43 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Whew, it has certainly been a long 38 days since the last update from administration on July 28th, (aside from BLS essential summer reads). This evening, I am pleased to announce that BLS has released further information about the fall, with a newly approved official date of school start on September 21. Further information are within your BPS emails. A direct link to a draft schedule can be seen here
AUGUST 31, 2020 9:59 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
As August turns to September, I am writing this quick notice just as an FYI, this megathread will still be updated accordingly with any school logistics/reopening/schedule/etc, throughout the fall and most likely into winter and early spring of the school year. I will try my best to obtain a copy of any letters for the BLS Class of 2021, and moving forward they will be posted in the BLS Class of 2021 support thread.
And quick word about MIAA, they are making the adjustments to get high school sports in compliance with public health regulations, some districts will move forward with a modified athletics season this fall, some might not run a season though.
AUGUST 30, 2020, 1:02 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
DESE FAQ as of 8/28
AUGUST 27, 2020 8:55 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Some happy news for ya'll tonight. a quick read
AUGUST 27, 2020 2:55 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
While we enter a lull of school reopening news approaching labor day, we recognize our rising seniors may need help and support as we move into the fall. here
AUGUST 21, 2020 8:46 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
BREAKING, IMPORTANT
BOSTON LATIN SCHOOL CAMPUS LIKELY TO REMAIN CLOSED AT LEAST UNTIL NOVEMBER 19, 2020;
ALL BPS HIGH SCHOOLS WILL BE REMOTE LEARNING THROUGHOUT MUCH OF THE FALL, BEGINNING THE WEEK OF SEPTEMBER 21-24TH 2020
MASSACHUSETTS ANNOUNCES FLU VACCINES A MUST FOR ALL STUDENTS, REGARDLESS OF GRADE/LEARNING MODEL
MIAA FALL SEASON POSTPONED 4 MORE DAYS TO SEPTEMBER 18, FOOTBALL ACTIVITIES AND OTHER HIGH RISK SPORTS RESTRICTED AND CURTAILED
AUGUST 19, 2020 1:35 p.m. EDT UPDATE
A message form the BLS college counseling team to the BLS Class of 2021.
Mayor Marty Walsh update
AUGUST 18, 2020 6:55 p.m. EDT UPDATE
new from BLS
AUGUST 17, 2020 7:45 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
BLS campus scheduled to open NO EARLIER THAN OCTOBER 5TH
School year starts no earlier than 9/21 and no later than 9/24
Centralized database of coronavirus cases in high school students here.
Also, please ensure internet connection for our BLS students who may need it most, learn more about the digital divide here and here
Note, families will have to commit to all remote or partial in person learn more
AUGUST 16, 2020 4:24 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Access draft 2 of BPS reopening here
AUGUST 14, 2020 4:53 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Faculty member at BLS, written piece for the Boston Globe. here.
AUGUST 13, 2020 3:35 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
BREAKING, SCHOOL START OFFICIALLY PUSHED BACK TO THE WEEK OF SEPTEMBER 21-24TH LEARN MORE
AUGUST 12, 2020 12:49 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
DESE new metrics for school openings here
Mayor Mary Walsh press release info article 1 and article 2
Boston dot com, successful school reopening, warning sign for Boston. article here
AUGUST 12, 2020 9:06 a.m. EDT UPDATE:
BTU push for safe reopening here
BPS 100 years ago, 1918 flu, old experience here
AUGUST 10, 2020 12:35 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Schools in Massachusetts that do reopen are still required to conduct fire drills. If there are 2 groups of students alternating, each group must have a fire drill conducted. learn more
School districts must post reopening plans by August 14th (new!)
BPS schools will create plans by August 21.
AUGUST 9, 2020 5:03 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
New discussion thread about remote learning here . Regarding the Georgia high school, they have 53 virus cases, an increase of 9 cases this weekend. No news about the school start date for BPS yet.
AUGUST 5, 2020 8:33 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
According to the BPS draft, schools may post reopening plans after August 21st. There will NOT be 100% in person learning. Everyone will either be partial or remote, families will commit soon. BPS schools have been given more leeway in approaching hybrid, they may stay remote. here
Reports of overcrowded school hallways and confirmed cases on the first in Georgia, Indiana. As BPS/BLS start late, more info will continue to evolve. crowding?
Also, I cleaned up some older of these update on reopening posts, FYI.
AUGUST 5, 2020 12:26 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
BPS reopening draft is available NEW
AUGUST 4, 2020 10:51 a.m. EDT UPDATE:
Incoming Sixies and their caregivers have their own meeting with the BLS team regarding the fall tonight this evening. DESE updated FAQ regarding the fall new updated FAQ
Note:, districts may delay announcement regarding fall reopening from August 10 to August 17.
JULY 31, 2020 9:49 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Confirmation that 100% on campus learning off the table, increasing evidence of children carrying large amounts of coronavirus
CDC news on coronavirus
Boston report
JULY 30, 2020 10:52 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Citizens of Boston discuss and argue about school reopening.
here
JULY 30, 2020 5:45 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
MTA push for remote learning, parent reponse, later school start dates in the calendar homeschooling challeneges in MA
MTA remote learning push
JULY 29, 2020 11:28 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Approvals for meal waivers, 2 weeks delayed start for school update
BLS FAMILY MEETING RECAP, click the "July 28 A" link and follow the google doc for video and meeting notes new site for summer communications IMPORTANT
JULY 27, 2020 7:56 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
BTU, MTA, and DESE about to agree on a delayed start to school year new
JULY 27, 2020 3:49 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Guidelines for learning and arts classes.
here
JULY 23, 2020 3:43 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Massachusetts DESE rules for transportation link
Facilities usage restrictions here
BLS check in with families and parents in our school community is tonight.
boston posts:
post 1
post 2
post 3
JULY 21, 2020 9:04 p.m. EDT UPDATE:
Recap of meeting with Class of 2021 and 2022 students with the BLS administration.
here
JULY 16, 2020 3:28 p.m. EDT UPDATE: (Previously in a different tab, later moved into this centralized tab
Updated DESE reopening plans; Schools may release reopening plans STARTING August 10, 2020. BLS + BLS student virtual meetings regarding the fall the evening of July 21. here
Update from Ms. Skerritt from July 14th: here
JUNE 25, 2020 5:32 p.m. EDT UPDATE: (Previously in a different tab, later moved into this centralized tab
NEW: DESE detailed reopening, first draft here

2020.07.20 18:53 ryu289 Homophobes can't separate attraction with behavior

And he is apparently gayer than springtime, because the comments are quite heavily sprinkled with references to "your side" - which is to say, those of us men who like dating, having sex with, and marrying actual women.
Homophobia is a hatred of gays, not heterosexuality. I am calling you a bigot for lying about gays.
Our side, I would remind you, is the overwhelming majority of all men - well over 95% of us are straight as a ruler, given that only about 4% of the general population is homosexual and vanishingly smaller numbers are part of the whole LGBTWTFISTHIS menagerie in the various other flavours of that particular sandwich.
Being pro gay isn't being anti straight. Enough with the false dilemma. And going "we are the majority thus normal thus right" is fallicious thinking: https://amp.reddit.com/philosophy/comments/24kqoe/is_the_appeal_to_normality_fallacious_in_ethics/
And second, his comments are full of classic examples of what we might call: http:\Idontknowhowtoembedhyperlinksin2018.com.
So?
"It is usually at this point that someone would attempt to counteract Ms. Barwick's arguments, based entirely on anecdotal evidence, by attempting to drown out such horrendous badthink by shouting about how THE SCIENCE IS SETTLED.
How is miss Barwick not anecdotal at all and somehow statistically representative?
Your reading comprehension is pathetic. What I actually said was related to Ms. Barwick's critics."
Really? You said her critics use anecdotal evidence ignoring that she does as well.
"I know how they operate. I worked in two such institutions - both of which were caught up in massive market-rigging and manipulation scandals dating back to 2008."
I used to work in a bank similar to JPM - located in a building not far away from their corporate headquarters in New York, actually. When Gay Pride month came around in 2016 and 2017, we were given little paper placards that we could display in our cubicles, proclaiming ourselves to be an "ALLY" of the LGBT movement. The more "virtuous" of us would display two or even three placards. (Like my last boss before I was let go, for instance - my opinions about him are well known by this point.)
My previous employer did something similar with a survey that they sent around in 2017. Needless to say, I dumped the placard into the bin and deleted that survey link right out of my inbox.
The idea that corporate America is not in thrall to the Rainbow Mafia is so ridiculous as to be unworthy of comment by this point.
Oh goody more ancedotal evidence to argue against facts when it is convient for you, but not others argumening against you. Show evidence of this surveys existence!
"First, Ryu238's preferred method of argument appears to be the standard Leftist "Appeal to Amenable Authority" - i.e. every single comment is liberally (see what I did there?) interspersed with links to Leftist clickbait rags like Vox and Salon."
That's an appeal to bias.
"That Salon article you linked to did not demonstrate that Ben Shapiro failed to "humiliate" a trans-woman (read: man) who calls himself "Zoey Tur". All he did was state openly that Zoey Tur is a man."
What were his exact words? "What are your genetics, sir?"
So he was being an ass about it.
If you watch a video clip of Little Benny's "failed attempt" to "humiliate" Mr. Tur, you will realise very quickly that the one who came across as an ass was the tranny.
That this is even open to question simply shows how degraded the Western world has become. Every single cell in Mr. Tur's body says that he is male, because he was born with an X-Y chromosomal pair. He might be mentally deluded enough to call himself a woman, but that does not make him one."
You think that Ben Shapiro was speaking truth, when he really wasn't. He insulted a Trans woman: https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/voices/stop-using-phony-science-to-justify-transphobia/
And this "every cell is coded" nonsense needs to stop: https://www.nature.com/news/sex-redefined-1.16943
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/30247609/
How do you know her genetics?
"Your link literally goes to a source about how JP Morgan Chase sent out an "anonymous response" survey to employees asking them whether they were LGBT allies. And JPM made it impossible to access that survey without providing your employee ID number. Thanks for proving my point."
Liar liar. Here is the link: https://www.truthorfiction.com/chase-gay-loyalty-survey/
And another: https://www.mediamatters.org/breitbart-news/no-jpmorgan-chase-doesnt-have-lgbt-loyalty-test-employees
"I never said they were, you moron. Read what I actually wrote."
"Drag queens, aka transvestites, are not permitted at events celebrating gay "pride", because men dress up as women for a "hobby". But men who think of themselves as women, aka transsexuals, and who actually do claim to be women, like Bruce Jenner, are to be welcomed with open arms.
In other words, the only distinction between being a drag queen, a fairy, and a man with severe mental issues is FEELZ."
Sounds like you didn't think it was a distinction considering the tone here.
In fact if you showed my full original comment people could see that I quoted you vertibram
Oh and another thing from that link:
"But by their very extremism, their own intolerance for dissent, their own refusal to listen to reason, the gay "rights" movement is now revealing its true face. I would not be surprised to see a ruthless purging of "moderate" types from that movement in the near future. As the story above shows, that process has already begun."
Several years later, we now have drag queen story hour. So yeah this went nowhere.
"Have you ever actually bothered to read Charles Murray's work? I did. Try doing that, instead of quoting what liberal New York magazine writers think of him."
An ad homenin...really? How is my source wrong? It is an exchange between Murray and someone rebutting him. https://www.nybooks.com/articles/1985/10/24/losing-ground-an-exchange/?pagination=false
Stop appealling to bias asshole.
"Moreover: heterosexuals, and heterosexual couples, are normal. Homosexuals are not. And homosexuals, particularly homosexual men, are significantly more likely to molest and sexually abuse children, especially boys, than heterosexual ones."
Wrong: https://medium.com/@juliussky/gays-arent-more-likely-to-be-pedophiles-611a48469655
http://homoresponse.blogspot.com/2011/05/countering-heterosexist-arguments.html#11
https://psychology.ucdavis.edu/rainbow/html/facts_molestation.html
bishop-accountability.org/news2007/05_06/2007_06_29_Pietrzyk_HomosexualityAnd.htm
Why don't you learn how to debate like an adult, instead of a little bitch? You are engaging in what is known as the "genetic fallacy" - go look it up, you might learn something useful.
You were using it as the only bit of evidence for your argument. Off course I would attack it. Especially since it seems to still be wrong: https://web.archive.org/web/20080908043935/https://www.seductionlabs.org/2007/05/04/sperm-wars-the-science-of-sex-reviewed-and-appraised/
"My reference to Robin Baker's book had nothing to do with the link to the reddit post that you provided as an "argument". You attempt to discredit the whole book by looking at a few specific things that the authors got wrong - which, by the way, I will be happy to concede that they did.
What I was referring to, on the other hand, comes along much later in the book, and has to do with how gay men and women behave. That has nothing to do with whether or not men produce "blocker" and "killer" and "egg-getter" sperm."
So they get so much wrong but you still trust them? Off course you ignore what he really said about gays: https://robin-baker.com/books/sperm-wars/status/#Homo https://books.google.com/books?id=R_prQ-xUCNUC&pg=PA283&lpg=PA283&dq=sperm+wars+homosexuality&source=bl&ots=MnyTv2JOmx&sig=ACfU3U25eo5ItgeCyoQOtYAiazOeC4W9MQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjlsLmm9_XnAhUdknIEHX7AA5oQ6AEwDXoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=sperm%20wars%20homosexuality&f=false
Homosexual couples, depending on the specific type involved (male-male or female-female), essentially act like extreme examples of the phenotypes upon which they are based. In simple terms, this means that male homosexuals generally act like extremely oversexed men, and female homosexuals act like extremely undersexed women. (I'm generalising significantly, obviously.) This observation has been borne out in several studies and was documented extensively in Robin Baker's groundbreaking classic Sperm Wars.
...why lie? He makes no such claims in his book
Neither extreme is healthy for young children. A household in which sexual promiscuity is normal is unlikely to result in normal children. A household in which there is no strong father figure present is unlikely to generate masculine sons or feminine daughters- as we have seen, repeatedly, in normal households the world over. A household with lesbian parents in which it is highly likely that one of the two partners involved is abusive toward the other, whether physically, mentally, emotionally, or all three, is NOT going to be a healthy environment for a child.
Likewise single parents in general are bad for raising kids.
One that needs to end: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0178534
"From the perspective of us normal people, we do not like your lifestyle and do not approve of it. We tolerate it as long as you keep it out of our faces and do not insist on special rights to legitimise your degeneracy. That tolerance has its limits, and you are going to find that out one way or another, very likely the hard way, if you insist on continuing to ram your rainbow agenda down our throats. We don't like it and we will not stand for it."
What do you think you know about gays? http://homoresponse.blogspot.com/2011/06/mental-health-and-substance-abuse.html
The link above presents extensive scientific evidence for the link between heterosexism/minority stress and a key LGBT health disparity which it impacts. These same disparities are frequently cited by heterosexists to demonstrate that the "homosexual lifestyle" is risky, unhealthy or dangerous. Ironically, given that heterosexism itself causes these disparities, rather than homosexuality, such criticisms are not only flawed but additionally, hypocritical and counter-productive.
"Let's see if you can follow this simple logical syllogism:"
Which doesn't match what we see in reality? https://whatweknow.inequality.cornell.edu/topics/lgbt-equality/what-does-the-scholarly-research-say-about-the-wellbeing-of-children-with-gay-or-lesbian-parents/
"I am aware of the problems with the Regnerus study about children raised by gay parents. Unfortunately for you, I mentioned nothing about that study in my post - and in fact that study has very little to do with the context of my statement."
Other than you are making the same mistakes Renguers made with his study. Thinking single parent outcomes can be applied to other family structures beyond "traditional"
"The first leg of that stool is empirically rigourous and well known. The second leg is a plain and simple fact. The third leg follows naturally through straightforward deduction."
The first leg is another fallacy also made by Renguers.
Furthermore, I did not state or even imply that single mothers are the same as a couple. Again, look at the syllogism above. It's very straightforward.
Yeah but all you data on fatherless couples come from single mothers Remember?
https://donotlink.it/NjNQk "The consequences of children, especially boys, being raised by single mothers are well known and well understood by now- and they are disastrous."
And as the data show companies gay or lesbian couples to say single mothers, is like apples to oranges.
Children raised without fathers are statistically likely to have serious social and economic problems in later life.
Same without mothers either: https://brandongaille.com/19-compelling-motherless-children-statistics/
In other words having a single parent only is the problem!
Three women were "married" together into a "throuple" with no male presence involved in a parenting role.
Therefore, any children born or adopted into such an arrangement are likely to have significant social and economic problems later in life
Here you go again comparing single parents to couples. Saying "children need a father" is wrong here.
Need to go on a tangent for context: https://donotlink.it/5MaNG
It is usually at this point that someone would attempt to counteract Ms. Barwick's arguments, based entirely on anecdotal evidence, by attempting to drown out such horrendous badthink by shouting about how THE SCIENCE IS SETTLED!!! about gay parents having no more negative effects on the cognitive and social development of children than straight ones. They resort to this line of argument because, well, it's the only one that they have. (Well, that, and the movie The Kids Are Alright, which I have not watched and almost certainly never will.)
They do this because it is the only way in which they can ensure that their FEELZ will remain unhurt by such chaotic badthink- how dare we cretinous knuckle-dragging mouth-breathing homophobic right-wing nutjobs question the idea that gay parents are just as good as straight ones?!!
Except... it turns out that the science is not settled. (Sounds familiar, doesn't it?)
It is wrong.
"First link has nothing whatsoever to do with the article I cited in my post; the name "Xiradou" does not appear once in any of the cited studies in that article"
Apologies, the first link got mixed up. Here is the one I wanted:
This shows how several studies were miscited.
"Second link goes nowhere. That was a particularly stupid and inept straw-man attack."
"And all of that is before we get to the other major reason why people like me think that male homosexuality, in particular, is wrong and disgusting: homosexual men are vastly more promiscuous than heterosexual ones, and are vastly higher risks for disease transmission. The highest rates of HIV infections and disease transmissions, by far, are to be found among injectable-using gay men."
http://www.boxturtlebulletin.com/Articles/000,017.htm
Using a creationist site as a source...really?
The second one needs to learn that MSM behavior is not the same as gay orientation: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Men_who_have_sex_with_men#As_a_constructed_behavioral_category https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2009/aug/06/bangladesh-gay-sexuality
"That isn't my view - that's the WHO's view, and the CDC is calling the spread of HIV/AIDS an "epidemic". Since gay men, and specifically injectable-using gay men, are driving the vast majority of new infections, the conclusion follows naturally."
The CDC also says that stigma and discrimination is a big factor: https://www.cdc.gov/msmhealth/stigma-and-discrimination.htm
Same with the WHO: https://www.paho.org/blz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=79:un-countries-must-eliminate-homophobia-curb-hiv-epidemic-latin-america-caribbean&Itemid=213
Right, here are the relevant quotes from the link:
You mean this one? http://homoresponse.blogspot.com/2011/05/countering-heterosexist-arguments.html?m=1#08
Studies suggest that about 25% of homosexual males do not have anal sex, though representative lifetime prevalence rates are very hard to find:
• In a U.S. survey, 50% of men who had had a same-sex partner since age 18 had never had anal sex (Laumann et al. 1994, "The Social Organization of Sexuality" table 8.6, p318).
• The authors of the same study noted that "20-25 percent of the narrowest categorization of the men report never having had anal intercourse" (p320), regarding table 8.6.
• A large Scottish study found that 25% of MSM had no anal sex in the past year, despite it recruiting from gay bars (Hart et al. 1999, Sexually Transmitted Infections, 75(4), 242–246, table 2, p244).
• A CDC survey that also recruited from clubs/bars found that 38.8% of MSM reported not having had anal sex in the preceeding 6 months in 1997 (CDC MMWR Weekly, January 29, 1999 48(03):45-48).
• 37% of the MSM in the Young Men's Health Study reported no receptive anal intercourse in the last year. No data is readily available for insertive anal intercourse. (Osmond et al. 1994, American Journal of Public Health, 84(12), 1933–1937, p1935).
Seems you forgot to mention these...why?
"First, these estimates are questionable to begin with. The CDC's data are based on a special tabulation done by the NCHS, not on raw data. Other sources put the prevalence of anal sex among MSM - men who have sex with men, which is a superset of the population of outright gay and bisexual men - at about 90%, and at 5-10% among sexually active women."
Again msm is not the same as homosexual orientation. Your link doesn't even say that msm is a superset of the gay and bisexual population. https://www.webmd.com/sex/anal-sex-health-concerns#1 And off course data needs to be tabulated! https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nsfg/key_statistics/s.htm#analsex
It doesn't change the data! It puts it into a chart! https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/tabulate What is "raw data" to you?
"This alone illustrates why the Appeal To Authority is such an irritating and stupid debate tactic; you can find virtually any factoids you want to support your argument, but if they are not backed up by clear deductive or inductive logic as well, they are empty"
Like what you just did? Because you also didn't consider how often gays have anal sex: https://www.gaystarnews.com/article/how-do-men-and-women-prepare-to-bottom-for-anal-sex/
Far less than you think.
"Moreover, if we look at the quotes from the cited studies, the fact that men have anal sex with women has nothing to do with the question of whether homosexuality is wrong. The former is an empirical fact; the latter is a moral judgement. The latter can be supported by the former, but the former has nothing to do with the latter."
Beyond raising the question why the double standard that we ignore hetero couples doing it but not gays?
"Why do I consider homosexuality to be wrong and disgusting, particularly of the male kind? For several reasons - not least of which is the fact that the human body is not designed for anal sex."
Neither is the female body. Indeed reducing sexual orientation to sexual behavior is faulty because they aren't the same: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexual_identity
https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/Sexuality-explained
Sexuality is not about who you have sex with, or how often you have it. Sexuality is about your sexual feelings, thoughts, attractions and behaviours towards other people. You can find other people physically, sexually or emotionally attractive, and all those things are a part of your sexuality.
Get it? Homosexual identity is attraction and has a purpose, alloparenting: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/147470491301100202
https://www.quora.com/If-homosexuality-is-innate-genetic-how-has-it-survived-evolutionary-selection-given-that-a-homosexual-couple-produces-no-offspring-Wouldnt-an-evolution-based-standpoint-argue-that-homosexuality-is-developmental/answeJames-Pitt-1
I didn't say that BMI is useless. I said that it is a problematic metric. As a very general guide, it has some uses, but for men like me, who work out frequently and have a decent amount of dense muscle, it does not apply very well.
It's not a "double" standard, it's just a standard standard. The distortions in BMI usually occur with people who have large amounts of dense muscle mass. That does not apply in the case of fat lesbians, or anyone else who is overweight/obese and does not have large amounts of muscle mass.
No the BMI is bs in general: https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/bmi-is-a-terrible-measure-of-health/ https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/265215.php It isn't just muscle mass that is a problem
Yet, overall, gay men act like women- the gay-fairy stereotype exists for a reason- and gay women act like men, as anyone who has ever had to deal with the distasteful aftermath of a gay pride rally has found out.
It is therefore unsurprising that gay men think that, like, they look totally fat in those jeans, darling- while gay women would be more interested in the donuts and Twinkies Danishes muffins pastries.
Really?
http://homoresponse.blogspot.com/2011/05/countering-heterosexist-arguments.html And this feeds back into body shaming...https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0361684316635529?journalCode=pwqa
In other words, stigma is heavily tied to obesity as a cause in lesbians. It isn't because they are lesbians, thus fat as you think it is.
You really need to keep up with the science: https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2018/jan/09/the-imminent-mini-ice-age-myth-is-back-and-its-still-wrong

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